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Flashcards in Micro Systems - First Aid Deck (98)
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1

Dominant flora of the skin

S. epidermidis

2

Dominant flora of the nose

S. epidermidis; colonized by S. aureus

3

Dominant flora of the oropharynx

viridans group strep

4

Dominant flora of the dental plaque

S. mutans

5

Dominant flora of the colon

B. fragilis > E. coli

6

Dominant flora of the vagina

Lactobacillus; colonized by E. coli and group B strep

7

Food poisoning that starts and ends quickly is from...

S. aureus or B. cereus.

8

B. cereus source

reheated rice

9

C. botulinum source

improperly canned foods

10

C. perfringens source

reheated meat dishes

11

E. coli O157:H7 source

undercooked meat

12

Salmonella source

poultry, meat, eggs

13

S. aureus source

meats, mayonnaise, custard; preformed toxin

14

V. parahaemolyticus and V. vulnificus source

contaminated seafood

15

Bugs that cause bloody diarrhea (7)

1. campylobacter
2. E. histolytica
3. EHEC
4. EIEC
5. Salmonella
6. Shigella
7. Yersinia enterocolitica

16

Bugs that cause watery diarrhea (6)

1. C. difficile
2. C. perfringens
3. ETEC
4. Protozoa (Giardia, Cryptosporidium)
5. V. cholerae
6. Viruses

17

Common causes of pneumonia in neonates (

1. Group B strep
2. E. coli

18

Common causes of pneumonia in children 1 mo - 18 yrs

Viruses (RSV)
Mycoplasma
C. trachomatis (infants - 3 yrs)
C. pneumnoniae (school-aged)
S. pnumoniae

19

Common causes of pneumonia in 18-40 yr olds

Mycoplasma
C. pneumoniae
S. pneumoniae

20

Common causes of pneumonia in the elderly

S. pneumoniae
Influenza virus
Anaerobes
H. influenzae
Gram-negative rods

21

Common causes of pneumoniae in alcoholics/IVDUs

S. pneumoniae
Klebsiella
Staph

22

Common causes of pneumonia (aspiration)

Anaerobes

23

Commona atypical pneumonias

-Mycoplasma
-Legionella
-Chlamydia

24

Common causes of pneumonia in Cystic Fibrosis

Pseudomonas
S. aureus
S. pneumoniae

25

Common causes of pneumonia in the immunocompromised

STaph
enteric gram-negative rods
fungi
viruses
P. jirovecii

26

common nosocomial causes of pneumonia

Stap
pseudomonas

27

Common causes of postviral pneumonia

staph
H. influenzae
S. pneumonia

28

Common causes of meningitis in newborns (0-6 mo)

Group B strep
E. coli
Listeria

29

common causes of meningitis inchildren 6 mo - 6 yrs

S. pnumoniae
N. meningitidis
H. ib
Enteroviruses

30

Common causes of meningitis in those 6-60 yrs

S. pneumnoiae
N. meningitidis
enteroviruses
HSV