The purpose of this order is to describe the standards and procedures for conducting field interviews and the use of the Field Investigation Report. The policy of the Sheriff's Office is to determine the _______ of each and every person that any police officer encounters in suspicious circumstances and document all such encounters.
Officers must, however, use discretion when dealing with the public and remember that many such encounters will involve persons without any criminal _____ or ______.
purpose or intent
Field interviews and the laws which allow detention and questioning will not be used for _______ of any person or group. This order supports the Sheriff's Office Core Values of "Community Focused" and "Always Improving".
Officers must review the specifics of the laws regularly to use them effectively. Under each applicable law, before a police officer can detain and question any person for whom there is no probable cause for arrest, there must be something about the circumstances that arouses ______ that the individual has been, is, or is about to be involved in criminal activity.
The provisions of the laws limit officers to ________ detaining suspicious persons and demanding the persons' names, addresses, and an explanation of the person's presence and conduct. IF THERE IS NO PROBABLE CAUSE FOR AN ARREST, AN OFFICER CANNOT DETAIN ANYONE BEYOND THE MINIMUM TIME NECESSARY TO OBTAIN THIS INFORMATION.
Once an officer encounters a person under suspicious circumstances, the officer will:
1. Always maintain officer safety;
2. Greet the person in a courteous manner and inform them of the nature of the contact;
3. Politely request to see the person’s identification; and
4. If the subject properly identifies himself and gives a reasonable explanation for his conduct, he shall be released if there is no other lawful reason for detention.
Field investigations may generally be conducted under the following circumstances:
1. The officer encounters the subject in a situation that is suspicious by the time of day, location, or behavior, but no probable cause for arrest exists;
2. The officer wishes to record information on subjects that were in the company of persons who were arrested but no probable cause exists to arrest those subjects;
3. Documenting information on juveniles for a minor offense when an arrest is not appropriate; and
4. Documentation of subjects or vehicles when a crime has occurred but no probable cause of arrest exists.
Jacksonville Municipal Ordinance 614.115, Detention, Reasonable Cause, permits an officer to request ________, when encountering persons under suspicious circumstances.
If the subjects ______ identify themselves by name and address, but produce no positive written identification, the officer may demand that the subjects leave the area when the officer has reason to believe that the subjects may commit a criminal offense;
Officers may take subjects who refuse to verbally identify themselves or refuse to leave when told to be _______ and _______ to ascertain their identities;
fingerprinted and photographed
If the check of the subjects reveal that they falsely verbally identified themselves, the officer may make an arrest under this ordinance for ____ ______ ______; and If such check fails to indicate that the subjects gave false identification, they shall be transported within __ hours back to the location they were first encountered.
Giving False Identification
Florida State Statute (F.S.S.) 901.151, ____ and _____ Law, permits an officer to request identification and an explanation of a subject's conduct and presence under similar circumstances as those in II.A.1.
Stop and Frisk
If the officer has _____ _____ to believe that the subject detained is armed, he may pat down the subject for weapons;
Although F.S.S. 901.151 does state that “probable cause” is required before an officer may perform a ___ ____ _____, the Florida Supreme Court in State v. Webb, 389 So. 2d 820 (Fla. 1981) determined that the law actually requires only a ______ ______ that the person is armed before a pat down search may be conducted.
pat down search
Any weapon or evidence of a criminal offense disclosed by such a search may be ______ (exception: weapons lawfully carried under the provisions of F.S.S.790.06), and if probable cause for an arrest appears at any time during the interview, the officer may make the arrest; and
If the subject properly identifies himself and gives an explanation for his conduct, he shall be ______` if there is no probable cause for an arrest.
F.S.S. 856.021, Loitering or Prowling, provides for arrest under specific circumstances. Officers must allow suspects to give an _______ of their presence and conduct and officers may not arrest if such explanation is reasonable and appears to be true.
All information beyond identification and an explanation of a person's presence must be _______ given. An officer cannot detain persons against their will beyond the time allowed by the statute or ordinance being used.
Field Investigation Reports are a valuable resource. This form, used in conjunction with other types of information, can be used for the purpose of developing leads on _____ ______ or _______ _______.
crime patterns or criminal activity.
The ______ _______ ______will be used to document contacts with persons under circumstances which seem suspicious or unusual in some way, persons of interest (POI), issuance of trespass warnings, truancy reports, and damage on vehicles when the crash report is not a viable option.
Field Investigation Report
Field Investigation Reports used by the Intelligence Unit are referred to as a ______ ______ ______. These are used to document any reported or observed activity, or any criminal act or attempted criminal act, which an officer believes may reveal a nexus to foreign or domestic terrorism.
Suspicious Activity Report (SAR)
The information reported in a SAR may be the result of observations or investigations by police officers, or may be reported to them by _____ _____.
The electronic Field Investigation Report will be routed to the appropriate Sheriff’s Office unit, zone, or personnel and retained by the ______ _____ Unit, according to the General Records Schedule for Law Enforcement Agencies, until it is obsolete, superseded, or the value is lost.
Field Investigation Reports will be routed by the ____ ______ to the appropriate unit for further review, when necessary.
A Field Investigation Report that involves a person with a ______ will be routed to the Robbery Unit, Gun Crime Unit, and Violent Crimes Task Force;
2. A Field Investigation Report that involves anyone trespassing on Jacksonville Housing Authority property will be routed the ________ ________ _____ Unit;
Jacksonville Housing Authority (J.H.A.)
3. A Field Investigation Report that involves a traffic crash where the location is either unknown, outside of Duval County, or where no Traffic Crash Report was needed will be routed to the ___ and ___ Unit;
Hit and Run
4. When notated in the e-Warrants "_____ __ ______" database, a Field Investigative Report will be routed to the requesting unit, detective, or officer.
“Persons of Interest”
5. Reports that are marked ___, whether selected in the dropdown box in Copsmore or in the narrative portion of the Field Investigative Report, will be forwarded to the Intelligence Unit.
F. Routing of any COPS-MORE reports to units outside of JSO is not done by the Copy Center, so the responsibility is on the ______ ______ to fax, or email reports to outside agencies (e.g. IRS, FDLE, etc.) themselves, within the boundaries of General Order XLV (45).