Flashcards in Procedure 501-Use of Force Deck (74):
.02A. The San Antonio Police Department requires its officers to exhibit a sense of prudent judgment derived from
departmental training, acquired knowledge, skills, and ability in the exercise or application of any level of force.
.02B. Officers shall use only the level of force necessary to;
accomplish a lawful police objective.
.02B. Any time force is used, the officer shall apply a level of force;
reasonable for the situation.
.02C. The Department also requires supervisors to respond to the;
scene of use of force incidents and to review all Use of Force Reports to ensure the application of force
conforms to established guidelines and departmental policy and procedures.
.03A. The sanctity of human life and individual liberties are immeasurable elements of modern society which vests police officers with the responsibility for the;
preservation and protection of its paramount values.
.03A. In the pursuit of this responsibility, officers maintain the understanding that the protection of property and apprehension of criminal offenders is;
subservient to the protection of life, including their own.
.03B. In the course of discharging their duty, police officers are often confronted with situations requiring some degree of force to be exercised in order to;
effectively maintain public order and safety.
.03B.This may be achieved on an ascending scale, according to and proportional with the circumstances of the situation, of the officer’s;
presence, verbal communications, open / empty hands control, physical force, intermediate weapon and deadly force.
.03B.The application of force must be conducted in a manner reasonable and commensurate to achieving a level of control that;
cannot otherwise be obtained through the use of other alternatives.
.03C. Although the use of a reasonable amount of force is authorized in appropriate circumstances, such as those involving the protection of the officer or others from bodily harm, officers must be aware that unnecessary or excessive force;
violates Federal Statues, the Texas Penal Code and departmental policy
.05A. With the exception of an officer’s presence or verbal communications, the use of any type of force is not justified in;
response to verbal provocation alone.
B. Police officers finding it necessary to use force to achieve a lawful police objective shall use a;
reasonable amount of force to affect the objective.
.05B. However, nothing in this procedure is interpreted to mean an officer must prolong any
combat or struggle in order to satisfy any element of escalation rather than resort to a
reasonable method that resolves the situation in the safest and most expedient fashion.
.05C. The use of force by an officer can be viewed as a matrix of force options used in;
response to a subject’s actions and behavior.
.05C. The force matrix illustrates the relationship between a;
subject’s actions and the officer’s response. [test question]
.05D. As force options move from lesser to greater levels, the risk of injury to the;
suspects and/or officers increase.
.05D. The matrix is designed to assist officers in understanding how;
force can escalate.
.05D. An officer should consider the following factors when assessing the need to use force:
1. suspect submitting or resisting?
2. suspect armed?
3. nature of the crime?
4. suspect previous arrest or history of violence?
5. Number suspects involved?
6. support from other officers available?
.05E. A weapon is not displayed or brandished as a threat unless its potential use in the situation would be;
reasonable, or if the circumstances clearly call for the use of a weapon to control a dangerous situation, or in accordance with Chapter 9 of the Penal Code.
.06A. When attempting to affect an arrest, when should officers use verbal communications, if possible?
prior to the use of non-deadly force.
.06B. If verbal communication has been exhausted or proven ineffective, officers are;
authorized to use open / empty hands control.
.06C. When are officers authorized to use physical force?
If an open / empty hands control has been exhausted or proven ineffective.
.06D. If physical force has proven ineffective or is not a reasonable option based upon the circumstances, officers are authorized to use;
an intermediate weapon to affect an arrest.
.06E. Officers may resort to the use of an approved intermediate weapon when:
1. Lesser methods have failed;
2. In self-defense or defense of a third person;
3. Subduing or controlling a violent subject;
4. Subduing an actively resisting actor;
5. Physical force has proven ineffective or is not a reasonable option based upon the circumstances.
.06F. Only officers who have successfully completed a training course and are certified in the use of OC spray / gel and / or an ECD are;
authorized to carry and use OC spray / gel and / or ECD as an intermediate weapon.
.06F. Only officers who have also successfully completed a 40 hour Crisis Intervention Training course are;
authorized to carry an ECD.
.06F. Officers shall only carry and use OC spray / gel and / or ECDs that are;
06F. Officers shall carry the OC spray/gel and /or ECD in an;
.06F. OC spray/gel and /or ECD shall not be brandished, displayed, or pointed at a subject in an intimidating manner unless an officer is;
attempting to prevent further escalation of force.
.06F. As with any other type of force, officers will end application of OC Spray/Gel when the subject;
discontinues resistance or aggression.
Any time OC Spray / Gel is used to control or subdue an actively resisting or violent subject, the officer will ensure the subject is decontaminated;
as soon as possible, to reduce the discomfort caused by the OC Spray / Gel.
OC Spray Spray/Gel is irritating to the eyes, nose, and skin. Decontamination consists of the application of water to the subject’s;
eyes and face.
When shall officers decontaminate prisoners, exposed to OC Spray/Gel?
before being transported to the Detention Center.
How long will prisoners exposed to OC spray / gel, be observed by an officer?
For 45 minutes to ensure the prisoner does not require medical attention.
The officer shall immediately request EMS to the scene, If in the officer’s opinion, the prisoner appears to be in severe;
pain,discomfort, or exhibits unusual symptoms such as unconsciousness, profuse sweating, chest pain or slow, shallow breathing.
What will be documented in the officer’s report and on the SAPD Form #62-UOF, Use of Force Report?
The decontamination process and amount of time the prisoner was observed.
.07B. The use of deadly force is authorized only to protect an officer or another person from what is;
reasonably believed to be an immediate threat of death or serious bodily injury.
.07B. An officer with an honest and sincere personal belief his life or the life of another person is in imminent danger is;
justified in using deadly force to preserve that life.
.07C. The use of deadly force against one who is fleeing from custody, or who is fleeing immediately after committing an offense, is prohibited unless the officer has;
probable cause to believe the suspect poses an imminent threat of death or serious bodily injury to the officer or a third party
.07D. Approved firearms are intended to be used as defensive instruments to;
prevent an assailant from completing a potentially deadly act.
.07D. A firearm is discharged with the intent to;
stop or incapacitate.
.07E. Firearms are not discharged under the following circumstances:
1. As a warning shot;
2. Appears likely a non-participant may be injured;
3. At or from a moving vehicle, except as the ultimate measure of self-defense or defense of another.
.07E. Officers should employ all reasonable means available to move to an area of safety if the vehicle becomes a threat, including;
retreating from the threat, if practical.
.09A. Officers shall complete SAPD Form #62-U.O.F., Use of Force Report, when:
1. Any force used by an officer greater than an open/empty hands control technique.
2. Any force used by an officer that causes injury to an individual, which requires medical treatment.
3. Any force by an officer causes death to an individual;
4. Discharging a firearm at an individual to accomplish a lawful police objective;
5. The use of an intermediate weapon by an officer;
6. When a police canine bites an individual.
.09B. When a prisoner offers resistance during an arrest and the officer does not use more than an open/empty hands control, the officer will check the;
appropriate box on the booking slip.
.09B. The information gathered on the suspect’s resistance will be used for;
C. Although an officer’s presence, verbal communication, open/empty hands control techniques, or the brandishing or displaying of a weapon does not require the completion of a Use of Force Report, the details must be;
documented in the officer’s report.
.10A. Each officer using force which requires SAPD Form # 62-UOF, shall:
Notify the supervisor of the type of force used and whether the prisoner received any type of injury as a result.
.10A. Each officer using force which requires SAPD Form # 62-UOF, shall: Request the supervisor to .
respond to the scene.
.10A. An officer may relocate the prisoner prior to the arrival of a supervisor due to a;
threat of violence or exigent circumstances.
.10A. If an officer does relocate from the scene, he shall notify the;
dispatcher and the responding supervisor
.10A Officers complete SAPD Form #62, Injured Prisoners Report, for those injured prisoners who;
receive medical treatment at a hospital.
.10A. Attach a copy of the offense / incident report to the completed SAPD Form #62-UOF, Use of Force Report as well as the SAPD Form #62, Injured Prisoners Report and give it to;
the supervisory officer who was notified of the use of force incident.
.10B. The Use of Force Report shall be completed;
before the officer ends his tour of duty.
.11A. Supervisory officers who are notified of a use of force incident, shall:
1. Respond to the scene;
2. Contact the officers involved;
3. Request a UEDI to photograph the person who had the force used against them.
.11A. If a UEDI is unavailable a CSU Investigator shall be requested. In their absence, the;
responding supervisor will take the photos.
.11A. The photographs of injured prisoners shall include photos of any;
documented, visible or alleged injuries and take place as soon as practical after the incident.
.11B. If a supervisor from the section is not available to respond to the scene of a use of force incident the dispatcher will send;
any available supervisor.
.11C. The supervisor shall evaluate the circumstances and;
1. Interview the prisoner, when available;
2. Determine / ensure incident meets UOF criteria;
3. Determine if policies / procedures followed;
4. Ensure proper medical offered, and if [OC] was used, the decon process is conducted;
.11C. When an ECD has been utilized and the subject received an electrical charge,who relieves the officer of his ECD?
.11C. Once an officer is relieved of his ECD, who downloads the ECD’s internal information onto the ECD computer tracking system?
.11C. Afterward the info is downloaded, who returns the ECD to the officer as soon as possible?
.11C. Who also issues the officer replacement cartridges when applicable?
Supervisors shall route line complaint disposition reports or formal preliminary complaint investigation packets;
through the chain of command.
.11E. If the officer is unable to complete the UOF Report, the;
supervisor shall prepare the report based on available information.
.11F. The supervisory officer receiving a UOF Report, shall complete the appropriate section of the report and;
route the original report to the Internal Affairs Unit.
.11G. Supervisors not responding to any use of force incident, as outlined in Subsection .11A of this procedure, shall document in a report the reason he did not respond. This report will be;
forwarded to his division commander through the chain of command.
.12A. SAPD Form #62-UOF, Use of Force Report, shall be reviewed by a supervisor assigned to the Internal Affairs Unit to ensure:
1. The type of force documented meets the criteria required for completion of the Report;
2. Departmental policies and procedures were followed;
3. The UOF Report, is completed properly and is entered into the Use of Force database.
.12B. If the Internal Affairs Unit Supervisor determines the incident documented on UOF, Report, does not meet the criteria for the completion of the SAPD Form #62-UOF, or requires corrections, the Internal Affairs Unit Supervisor shall;
retain a copy of the SAPD Form #62-UOF and return the original, through the chain of command, to the supervisor who completed the report.
.12C. The field supervisor receiving a Form #62-UOF for clarification of details or corrections shall complete the;
Use of Force Clarification Form and return the form to their Division Commander who will forward the report to the Internal Affairs Unit.
.12D. The Internal Affairs Unit Supervisor will review the UOF Clarification Form and determine if the incident meets the criteria. The Report is either accepted and entered into the Use of Force database, or is rejected and filed in the;
Internal Affairs Unit as a rejected Use of Force Report.
.12E. In accordance with GM Procedure 908, Mandatory Reassignment, officers involved in the use of deadly force shall be placed on;
administrative duty or administrative leave.
.13A. The Use of Force Reports will be analyzed annually by the Internal Affairs Unit and the data will be used to prepare the;
Formal Cases and Line Complaints Report for the Chief of Police.