Psychopath lecture 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Psychopath lecture 1 Deck (37):
1

What is Axis 1?

-All psychological diagnostic categories except mental retardation and personality disorder

2

What is Axis 2?

-Personality disorders and mental retardation

3

What is Axis 3?


- General medical condition: acute medical conditions and physical disorders

4

What is Axis IV?

-psychosocial and environmental factors contributing to the disorder (stress)

5

What is Axis V?

-Global assessment of functioning or Children’s global assessment scale for children and teens under the age of 18

6

What are common Axis 1 disorders?

-Depression
-Anxiety disorders
- Bipolar disorder
–ADHD
-Autism spectrum disorders
-Anorexia nervosa
-Bulima nervosa
-Shizophrenia
-Drug dependence

7

What are common axis III disorders?

-Brain injuries and other medical/physical disorders (Alzheimer’s)

8

When you are doing a mental status examination you look at someone’s mood, what are you looking at?

-Type, extreme fluctuations

9

When you are doing a mental status examination you look at someone’s affect what are you looking at?

-The expression of mood,
- appearances

10

When you are doing a mental status examination you pay attention to someone’s thought process, what are you looking for?

-Their organization of thoughts
-Consistent
-Sequential thoughts that build on each other

11

When you are doing a mental status examination you pay attention to someone’s though content, what are you looking for?

-Relevant
-Insightful

12

When you are doing a mental status examination you pay attention to the perception of the patient, what are you looking for? -

If they understand and interpret what you say

13

When you are doing a mental status examination you pay attention to the appearance of people what are you looking for?

-The relevance of what they are dressed for
-Hygiene
-Indicate awareness of their environment

14

When you are doing a mental status examination you pay attention to the cognitive function of individuals, how do you define that?

-Information processing
-Decision making
-Planning/implementation (these are executive skills)

15

When you are doing a mental status examination you pay attention to the cognitive function and the cause of it whether it is organic vs inorganic, why do you pay attention to that?

-To see if you can treat the problem

16

When you are doing a mental status examination you pay attention to the cognitive function and you do look and assess the individual, what are you looking for?

-Orientation
-Concentration
-Memory
-Fund of knowledge
-Abstraction
-Judgement
-Insight

17

T/F For many people living with mental illness, dental health may be a low priority

True

18

What are the largest barriers to dental care with individuals with mental illness?

-Cost and fear

19

What are some brain imaging test used to diagnose mental illnesses?

-CT
-MRI
-PET

20

What are types of tests used to diagnose mental illness?

-EEG (electroencephalogram) (see in the pre-frontal cortex or the sensory cortex)
-Brain imaging

21

T/F Psychotic disorders have degrees of severity

True

22

Is psychosis a diagnoses or a symptom?

Symptom

23

What can cause Psychotic behavior?

-Trauma
-Stress
-PTSD
-Severe illness
-Drug abuse

24

T/F Schizophrenia can have psychosis as a symptom

True

25

What is the most common psychotic disorder?

-Schizophrenia

26

What population do you see Schizophrenia in more often?

-Poor urban areas

27

What are the symptoms of Schizophrenia?

-Go through episodes
-Incoherent
-Anhedonic (no pleasure)
-Personal appearance
-Flat affect (not a lot of emotion on their face)
-Pre pulse inhibition (do not accommodate/adjust well)
-They don't yawn

28

When does the 1st episode of schizophrenia occur in males?

teens or early adulthood

29

When does the 1st episode of schizophrenia occur in females?

-20s or early 30s

30

What are the DSM V criteria requirements to be diagnosed with schizophrenia?

-Symptoms last longer than 6 months
-Have active psychosis
-Axis I

31

What are the subtypes of Schizophrenia?

-Disorganized type
-Catatonic type
-Paranoid type
-Residual type

32

What does a disorganized type of schizophrenia appear as?

-Blunted affect
-No delusions
-Bizarre behaviors

33

What are the feature of a catatonic type schizophrenic?

-Rigid
-Don't tend to change positions if you move them
-Strange and bizarre postures

34

What are the features of a paranoid type schizophrenic?

-Positive symptoms
-Very reactive (interpret things in a threatening way)
-Aggressive

35

What are the features of a residual type schizophrenic?

-Negative symptoms (Don't communicate, withdrawn)
-Occur later on in life
-Most difficult to treat

36

What is the prognosis of schizophrenia?

-Chronic
-No cure
-Becomes residual with time
-Life expectancy shortened by about 20 years

37

What is the best prognosis of a schizophrenic?

-Want it to be a rapid onset with an underlying explanation
-Prefer positive symptoms
-Happen in an older individual
-Happen in a female
-Not have a genetic connection

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