Flashcards in Psychopath lecture 1 Deck (37):
What is Axis 1?
-All psychological diagnostic categories except mental retardation and personality disorder
What is Axis 2?
-Personality disorders and mental retardation
What is Axis 3?
- General medical condition: acute medical conditions and physical disorders
What is Axis IV?
-psychosocial and environmental factors contributing to the disorder (stress)
What is Axis V?
-Global assessment of functioning or Children’s global assessment scale for children and teens under the age of 18
What are common Axis 1 disorders?
- Bipolar disorder
-Autism spectrum disorders
What are common axis III disorders?
-Brain injuries and other medical/physical disorders (Alzheimer’s)
When you are doing a mental status examination you look at someone’s mood, what are you looking at?
-Type, extreme fluctuations
When you are doing a mental status examination you look at someone’s affect what are you looking at?
-The expression of mood,
When you are doing a mental status examination you pay attention to someone’s thought process, what are you looking for?
-Their organization of thoughts
-Sequential thoughts that build on each other
When you are doing a mental status examination you pay attention to someone’s though content, what are you looking for?
When you are doing a mental status examination you pay attention to the perception of the patient, what are you looking for? -
If they understand and interpret what you say
When you are doing a mental status examination you pay attention to the appearance of people what are you looking for?
-The relevance of what they are dressed for
-Indicate awareness of their environment
When you are doing a mental status examination you pay attention to the cognitive function of individuals, how do you define that?
-Planning/implementation (these are executive skills)
When you are doing a mental status examination you pay attention to the cognitive function and the cause of it whether it is organic vs inorganic, why do you pay attention to that?
-To see if you can treat the problem
When you are doing a mental status examination you pay attention to the cognitive function and you do look and assess the individual, what are you looking for?
-Fund of knowledge
T/F For many people living with mental illness, dental health may be a low priority
What are the largest barriers to dental care with individuals with mental illness?
-Cost and fear
What are some brain imaging test used to diagnose mental illnesses?
What are types of tests used to diagnose mental illness?
-EEG (electroencephalogram) (see in the pre-frontal cortex or the sensory cortex)
T/F Psychotic disorders have degrees of severity
Is psychosis a diagnoses or a symptom?
What can cause Psychotic behavior?
T/F Schizophrenia can have psychosis as a symptom
What is the most common psychotic disorder?
What population do you see Schizophrenia in more often?
-Poor urban areas
What are the symptoms of Schizophrenia?
-Go through episodes
-Anhedonic (no pleasure)
-Flat affect (not a lot of emotion on their face)
-Pre pulse inhibition (do not accommodate/adjust well)
-They don't yawn
When does the 1st episode of schizophrenia occur in males?
teens or early adulthood
When does the 1st episode of schizophrenia occur in females?
-20s or early 30s
What are the DSM V criteria requirements to be diagnosed with schizophrenia?
-Symptoms last longer than 6 months
-Have active psychosis
What are the subtypes of Schizophrenia?
What does a disorganized type of schizophrenia appear as?
What are the feature of a catatonic type schizophrenic?
-Don't tend to change positions if you move them
-Strange and bizarre postures
What are the features of a paranoid type schizophrenic?
-Very reactive (interpret things in a threatening way)
What are the features of a residual type schizophrenic?
-Negative symptoms (Don't communicate, withdrawn)
-Occur later on in life
-Most difficult to treat
What is the prognosis of schizophrenia?
-Becomes residual with time
-Life expectancy shortened by about 20 years