Quiz 3 - Chapter 23 - Motor Control: Fine Motor Skills Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Quiz 3 - Chapter 23 - Motor Control: Fine Motor Skills Deck (26):
1

The ability to use the eyes, hands, and fingers together in carrying out precise movements that are necessary for performing a variety of daily activities

fine motor development

2

stacking blocks, putting simple puzzle pieces together, and putting pegs into a pegboard, among other things, are examples of ________ activities

construction

3

moving objects withing the hand (translation), adjusting a toy or object in the hand (shift), rotating an object in the hand (rotation), or picking up multiple objects are examples of _______________________ activities

in hand manipulation

4

the use of implements

tool use

5

most manipulative activities require both arms and both hands to work together in various ways - this is called __________.

bilateral motor control

6

the control or use of the small muscle masses of the wrist, hands, and fingers to grasp

small muscle control

7

These refer to the use of hands individually in performing different actions involved in a single activity

lead and assist hands or bimanual functional asymmetry.

8

what is a fun way to encourage repetitive hand and finger movements?

whole hand and finger puppets

9

how the child moves the eyes to focus on or follow objects in the environment is called

eye movement control

10

the eyes move rapidly and accurately from item to item in this type of eye movement

saccadic eye movements

11

the eyes move to follow slow-moving objects, among other things in this type of eye movement

pursuit tracking movements

12

the manual control of objects

object manipulation

13

The three functions of the hand include

positioning the hand, supporting the hand, and producing force

14

the functions of the hand include

picking up, holding or grasping an object, manipulating objects or implements

15

what are the three pinches again?

pincer grasp, tip to tip, and three jaw chuck

16

This type of grasp is when the handle or object is held tight against the palm, and the arm and shoulder produce the movement

power grasp

17

This type of grasp is when the thumb and fingertips are used to change the object's position or move the implement.

precision grasp

18

the timing and application of appropriate force to adapt to changes in object position

grip reflex

19

These skills involve the use of TOOLS to accomplish specific goals

implement usage skills

20

KR means

Knowledge of Results

21

KP means

Knowledge of Performance

22

KR or KP: It usually answers the question, "Was the goal achieved?"

KR (goal=results)

23

KR or KP: It usually answers the question, "What did the individual actually do?"

KP (performance)

24

This is a type of practice in with the rest intervals between practice sessions or trials are very short

massed practice

25

This is a type of practice in which the rest intervals are longer

distributed practice

26

This is a type of practice in which there are a variety of tasks in different environmental contexts

variable practice