Flashcards in 12.1 Analysing Results Of Research Deck (13):
____ are used to describe the data.
Statistics are used to make ____ and draw conclusions, on the basis of the sample data, about a population.
The levels of ____ scale variables have no numerical, quantitative, properties. The levels are simply different categories or groups. Most independent variables in experiments are ____.
The variables with ___ scale labels exhibit minimal quantitative distinctions. We can rank order the levels of the variable being studied from lowest to highest.
With an ____ scale variable, the intervals between the levels are equal in size. ____ scales generally have five or more quantitative levels.
____ scale variables have both equal intervals and an absolute zero point that indicates the absence of the variable being measured.
An important implication of interval and ratio scales is that the data can be summarised using the ____, or arithmetic average.
There are three basic ways of ___ the results: (1) comparing group percentages, (2) correlating scores of individuals on two variables, and (3) comparing group means.
A ____ ____ indicates the number of individuals who receive each possible score on a variable.
____ ____ divide a whole circle, or pie, into slices that represent relative percentages.
____ ____ use a separate and distinct bar for each piece of information.
____ ____ use a line to represent the distribution of frequencies of scores. This is most useful when the data represent interval or ratio scales.