Flashcards in 1.1 Scientific Approach Deck (18):
Scientific ____ means that ideas must be evaluated on the basis of careful logic and results from scientific investigations.
The fundamental characteristic of the scientific method is ____ – the idea that knowledge is based on observations.
____ are collected that form the basis of conclusions about the nature of the world.
Data play a central role. For scientists, knowledge is primarily based on ____.
Scientists enthusiastically search for observations that will verify the ideas about the ____.
Scientists develop ____, argue that existing data supports their ____, and conduct research that can increase our confidence that their ____ are correct.
Scientists are not alone. Scientists make observations that are accurately ____ to other scientists and the public.
Science is ____. Science is a way of thinking in which ideas to battle with other ideas in order to move ever closer to the truth.
Good scientific ideas are testable. They can be supported or they can be falsified by data – the later concept called ____.
Scientific evidence is ___ reviewed. Other scientists who have an expertise review work before it is published.
____ is "fake" science in which seemingly scientific terms and demonstrations are used to substantiate claims that have no basis in scientific research.
Pseudoscience 1: Hypotheses generated are typically not ____.
Pseudoscience 2: if scientific tests are reported, ____ is not scientific and ____ of data is questionable.
Pseudoscience 3: ____ evidence tends to be anecdotal or to rely heavily on authorities that are so-called experts in the area of interest. Genuine scientific references are not cited.
Pseudoscience 4: claims ignore ____ evidence.
Pseudoscience 5: claims are stated in scientific sounding ____ and ideas.
Pseudoscience 6: claims tend to be ____, rationalise strongly held beliefs, and appeal to preconceived ideas.