1.1 Scientific Approach Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 1.1 Scientific Approach Deck (18):
0

Scientific ____ means that ideas must be evaluated on the basis of careful logic and results from scientific investigations.

scepticism

1

The fundamental characteristic of the scientific method is ____ – the idea that knowledge is based on observations.

empiricism

2

____ are collected that form the basis of conclusions about the nature of the world.

Data

3

Data play a central role. For scientists, knowledge is primarily based on ____.

observations

4

Scientists enthusiastically search for observations that will verify the ideas about the ____.

world

5

Scientists develop ____, argue that existing data supports their ____, and conduct research that can increase our confidence that their ____ are correct.

theories

6

Scientists are not alone. Scientists make observations that are accurately ____ to other scientists and the public.

reported

7

Science is ____. Science is a way of thinking in which ideas to battle with other ideas in order to move ever closer to the truth.

adversarial

8

Good scientific ideas are testable. They can be supported or they can be falsified by data – the later concept called ____.

falsifiability

9

Scientific evidence is ___ reviewed. Other scientists who have an expertise review work before it is published.

peer

10

____ is "fake" science in which seemingly scientific terms and demonstrations are used to substantiate claims that have no basis in scientific research.

Pseudoscience

11

Pseudoscience 1: Hypotheses generated are typically not ____.

testable

12

Pseudoscience 2: if scientific tests are reported, ____ is not scientific and ____ of data is questionable.

methodology, validity

13

Pseudoscience 3: ____ evidence tends to be anecdotal or to rely heavily on authorities that are so-called experts in the area of interest. Genuine scientific references are not cited.

supportive

14

Pseudoscience 4: claims ignore ____ evidence.

conflicting

15

Pseudoscience 5: claims are stated in scientific sounding ____ and ideas.

terminology

16

Pseudoscience 6: claims tend to be ____, rationalise strongly held beliefs, and appeal to preconceived ideas.

vague

17

Pseudoscience 7: Claims are never ____.

revised