9.4 Additional Considerations Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 9.4 Additional Considerations Deck (14):
0

After putting considerable thought into planning the study, the researcher will write a ____ ____. This will include a literature review that provides a background for the study.

research proposal

1

The intent of the proposal is to clearly ____ why the research is being done – what questions the research is designed to answer.

explain

2

A research proposal is very similar to the ____ and ____ sections of a journal article.

introduction and method

3

When the researcher has finally decided on all the specific aspects of the procedure, it is possible to conduct a ____ ____ in which the researcher does a trial run with a small number of participants.

pilot study

4

A pilot study also allows the experimenters who are collecting the data to become comfortable with their roles and to ____ their procedures.

standardise

5

A ____ ____ is an attempt to directly measure whether the independent variable manipulation has the intended effect on the participants.

manipulation check

6

Manipulation checks provide evidence for the ____ ____ of the manipulation.

construct validity

7

All manipulation checks ask whether the independent variable manipulation was in fact a successful ____ of the conceptual variable being studied.

operationalisation

8

Manipulation checks are particularly useful in the pilot study to decide whether the independent variable manipulation is in fact having the ____ ____.

intended effect

9

If the independent variable is not effective, the procedures can be changed. However, it is also important to conduct a manipulation check in the ____ ____.

actual experiment

10

A manipulation check has two advantages. First, if the check shows that your manipulation it was not effective, you have saved the ____ of running the actual experiment.

expense

11

A manipulation check has two advantages. Second, a manipulation check is advantageous if you get non-significant results – that is, if the results indicate __ ____ exists between the independent and dependent variables.

no relationship

12

After all data are collected, a ____ session is usually held. This is an opportunity for the researcher to interact with the participants to discuss the ethical educational implications of the study.

debriefing

13

The debriefing session can also provide an opportunity to learn more about what participants were thinking ____ the experiment.

during