Flashcards in 9.4 Additional Considerations Deck (14):
After putting considerable thought into planning the study, the researcher will write a ____ ____. This will include a literature review that provides a background for the study.
The intent of the proposal is to clearly ____ why the research is being done – what questions the research is designed to answer.
A research proposal is very similar to the ____ and ____ sections of a journal article.
introduction and method
When the researcher has finally decided on all the specific aspects of the procedure, it is possible to conduct a ____ ____ in which the researcher does a trial run with a small number of participants.
A pilot study also allows the experimenters who are collecting the data to become comfortable with their roles and to ____ their procedures.
A ____ ____ is an attempt to directly measure whether the independent variable manipulation has the intended effect on the participants.
Manipulation checks provide evidence for the ____ ____ of the manipulation.
All manipulation checks ask whether the independent variable manipulation was in fact a successful ____ of the conceptual variable being studied.
Manipulation checks are particularly useful in the pilot study to decide whether the independent variable manipulation is in fact having the ____ ____.
If the independent variable is not effective, the procedures can be changed. However, it is also important to conduct a manipulation check in the ____ ____.
A manipulation check has two advantages. First, if the check shows that your manipulation it was not effective, you have saved the ____ of running the actual experiment.
A manipulation check has two advantages. Second, a manipulation check is advantageous if you get non-significant results – that is, if the results indicate __ ____ exists between the independent and dependent variables.
After all data are collected, a ____ session is usually held. This is an opportunity for the researcher to interact with the participants to discuss the ethical educational implications of the study.