1.2 Goals Of Behavioural Science Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 1.2 Goals Of Behavioural Science Deck (10):
0

Scientific research on behaviour has ____ general goals: to describe behaviour, to predict behaviour, to determine the causes of behaviour, and to understand or explain behaviour.

four

1

The scientist begins with careful observation, because the first goal of sciences to ____ ____ – which can be something directly observable (such as running speed, eye gaze, or loudness of laughter) or something less observable (like perceptions of attractiveness).

describe behaviour

2

Another goal of science is to ____ ____. Once it has been observed with some regularity that two events are systematically related to one another, it becomes possible to make predictions.

predict behaviour

3

A third goal of science is to determine the ____ of ____. Although we might accurately predict the occurrence of the behaviour, we might not correctly identify its cause.

causes of behaviour

4

To know how to ____ behaviour, we need to know the causes of behaviour.

change

5

To conclude ____, three things must occur: temporal precedence, covariation of cause and effect, and elimination of alternative explanations.

causation

6

There is a temporal order of events in which the cause precedes the effect. This is called ____ ____.

temporal precedence

7

When the cause is present, the effect occurs; when the cause is not present, the effect does not occur. This is called ____ of ____ and ____.

covariation of cause and effect

8

Nothing other than a causal variable could be responsible for the observed effect. This is called ____ of ____ ____.

elimination of alternative explanations

9

A final goal of science is to ____ the events that have been described. The scientist seeks to understand why the behaviour occurs.

explain