1.2 Goals Of Behavioural Science Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 1.2 Goals Of Behavioural Science Deck (10):

Scientific research on behaviour has ____ general goals: to describe behaviour, to predict behaviour, to determine the causes of behaviour, and to understand or explain behaviour.



The scientist begins with careful observation, because the first goal of sciences to ____ ____ – which can be something directly observable (such as running speed, eye gaze, or loudness of laughter) or something less observable (like perceptions of attractiveness).

describe behaviour


Another goal of science is to ____ ____. Once it has been observed with some regularity that two events are systematically related to one another, it becomes possible to make predictions.

predict behaviour


A third goal of science is to determine the ____ of ____. Although we might accurately predict the occurrence of the behaviour, we might not correctly identify its cause.

causes of behaviour


To know how to ____ behaviour, we need to know the causes of behaviour.



To conclude ____, three things must occur: temporal precedence, covariation of cause and effect, and elimination of alternative explanations.



There is a temporal order of events in which the cause precedes the effect. This is called ____ ____.

temporal precedence


When the cause is present, the effect occurs; when the cause is not present, the effect does not occur. This is called ____ of ____ and ____.

covariation of cause and effect


Nothing other than a causal variable could be responsible for the observed effect. This is called ____ of ____ ____.

elimination of alternative explanations


A final goal of science is to ____ the events that have been described. The scientist seeks to understand why the behaviour occurs.