4.3 Nonexperimental Method Flashcards Preview

175.203 Psychological Research > 4.3 Nonexperimental Method > Flashcards

Flashcards in 4.3 Nonexperimental Method Deck (8)
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Using the non-experimental method, the researcher would devise operational definitions to measure ____ variables.

both

1

Because the non-experimental method allows us to observe covariation between variables, another term that is frequently used to describe this procedure is the ____ method.

correlational

2

In the correlational method, we examine whether the variables correlate or vary ____.

together

3

The non-experimental method is not ideal when asking questions about ____ and ____.

cause and effect

4

Problem one. It can be difficult to determine the ___ of cause and effect. E.g. What causes what.

direction

5

____ ____ is determining which variable caused the other. Which one came first?

Temporal precedence

7

When we actually know an uncontrolled third variable is operating, we call the third variable a ____ ____.

confounding variable

8

Problem two. Researchers face the ____-____ problem – that is, extraneous variables may be causing an observed relationship.

third-variable