3.1 Ethical Concerns Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 3.1 Ethical Concerns Deck (15):
0

The ____ report defined the principles and applications that have guided more detailed regulations of the American psychological Association code of ethics.

Belmont

1

The three basic ____ principles are beneficence, respect for persons (autonomy), and justice.

ethical

2

The associated ____ of these principles are assessment of risks and benefits, informed consent, and selection of subjects.

applications

3

This principle refers to the need for research to maximise benefits and minimise any possible harmful effects of participation. Called ____.

beneficence

4

In decisions about the effects of research, we must calculate potential risks and benefits that are likely to result; this is called a ____ analysis.

risk-benefit

5

Potential risks to the participants include factors such as psychological or physical ____ and loss of ____.

harm, confidentiality

6

This states that participants are treated as autonomous; a capable of making deliberate decisions about whether to participate in research. Called ____.

Autonomy

7

This where potential participants in a research project should be provided with all information that might influence thire decision of whether to participate. Called ____.

Informed consent

8

This occurs where there is active misrepresentation of information. Called ____.

Deception

9

This occurs after the completion of a study. It is an opportunity for the researcher to deal with issues of withholding information, deception, and potential harmful effects of participation. Called ____.

Debriefing

10

In a ____ procedure, the experimenter describes a situation to participants and asks them how they would respond to the situation.

role-playing

11

A different type of role-playing uses ____ of a real world situation.

simulation

12

This principle addresses issues of fairness in receiving the benefits of research as well as bearing the burden is of accepting risks. Called ____.

Justice

13

The fabrication of data is ____. We must be able to believe the reported results of research.

fraud

14

This refers to misrepresenting another's work as your own. You must give proper citation of your sources. Called ____.

Plagiarism