Flashcards in 17 - The Digestive System Deck (85)
Salivary glands in front of and inferior to the ear.
Parotid salivary glands
The smooth membrane that lines the abdomen. It folds back over the organs.
The thick muscular valve that allows food to move into the duodenum.
The opening from the stomach to the intestine.
The last segment of the large intestine that joins the sigmoid colon and the anus.
The folds of the gastic mucosa (stomach lining).
The secretions of the salivary glands
Glands that produce saliva to moisten the oral cavity and food; saliva contains antibodies and other substances that protect against infections in the mouth as well as enzymes that aid in the digestion of carbohydrates.
The segment of the colon that connects the descending colon to the rectum.
The tube of the GI tract with three distinct segments (duodenum, jejunum and ileum) that are involved in the absorption of nutrients into the body. In the human adult, it is approximately 22 feet long.
The largest portion of the GI tract, situated between the esophagus and the small intestine. It secretes gastric juices to assist in the breakdown of food.
Salivary glands located under the tongue.
Sublingual salivary glands
Salivary glands located under the jawbone
Submandibular salivary glands
The layer of tissue beneath a mucous membrane.
The hard appendages in the mouth made of dentine and enamel that enable mastication (chewing)
The tear-shaped appendage hanging down in the center of the edge of the soft palate.
Tiny projections on the inner intestine walls that aid in absorption
A contriction in the lower portion of the esophagus caused by unrelaxed sphincter muscles.
The abnormal return of stomach contents back into the esophagus.
Fibrous bands abnormally binding to tissue (such as scar tissue).
An eating disorder characterized by an unrealistic self-image of the body, with a pathological fear of becoming fat, excessive dieting, and emaciation. No loss of appetite occurs until the late stages of the disease; primarily affects girls and young women.
An inflammation of the appendix
"Rumbling" noises in the GI tract, caused by gas moving through the intestines.
An eating disorder characterized by self-induced purging (vomiting and/or diuretic and laxative abuse) after binge eating; strict dieting, fasting, or obsessive exercising to prevent weight gain.
A small, painful crater in the mouth; also called an aphthous ulcer.
An inflammation of the gallbladder
The loss of healthy tissue accompanied by fibrosis and chronic inflammation.
Cirrhosis of the liver
An inflammation of the colon
The surgical construction of an artificial opening of the colon through the abdominal wall as a treatment for serious digestive problems.