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Flashcards in Speech and Language Deck (45)
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1
Q

Etiologies of Communcation Disorders include

A

Trauma
Vascular disturbance
Tumor/Infection

Environment (e.g., low SES, nutritional deficiency) **
Neurodegeneration (e.g., Parkinson’s, alcoholism)**
Genetic (e.g., velocardiofacial syndrome) **
Idiopathic (e.g., autism) **

2
Q

what are the subcortical areas involved in vocalization?

A

prefrontal cortex?

PAG

limbic system

caudal medullay

nucleus retroambiguous

3
Q

___ is complete loss of language,

A

global aphasia

4
Q

someone with global aphasia may still ahve control of

A

facial expressions, hand gestures, and vocal intonations

5
Q

global aphasia can result from damage to

A

Broca’s, Wernicke’s, and supramarginal gyrus

6
Q

•Conduction aphasia - problem ___

A

repeating words or phrases,

7
Q

___ and ___ are normal with conduction aphasia

A

anguage comprehension and oral expression

8
Q

conduction aphasia can be caused by damage to the

A

arcuate fasciculus, auditory cortex, insula, or supramarginal gyrus

9
Q

Anomic aphasia - difficulty in

A

fidning certain words

10
Q

using vague phrases like “thing” or “whatsit” may be a sign of

A

Anomic aphasia

11
Q

anomic aphasia may be from damage to the

A

to the angular gyrus or parietal lobe

12
Q

___ aphasia - from small lesions to the L. subcortical areas,

A

Subcortical

13
Q

___ aphasia has various sx

A

subcortical

14
Q

Transcortical Motor aphasia and brocas?

A

both are expressive aphasia

but transcortical motor can repeat long sentences, brocas can only repeat simple words

*

15
Q

____ - loss of articulation ability from damage to the motor system

A

Anarthria

16
Q

Alexia - loss of reading ability due to damage in___

A

L. occipital & parietal lobes

17
Q

alexia causes problems with ___ but not ___

A

problems with reading but not wriging

18
Q

ight hemisphere damage
(RHD) causes a variety of communication deficits involving the

A

interpretation of
context.

19
Q

Indirect context disorders - difficulties

A

interacting with your environment

20
Q

2 examples of indirect context disorders

A

hemineglect and anosognosia

21
Q

, anosognosia - the ___ of such deficits

A

unawareness

22
Q

Direct context disorders - affect ___ and ___ directly

A

communication and cognition

23
Q

direct context or pragmatic disorders can be further subdivided into disorders of: (3)

A

(a) prosody (aprosodia)
(b) discourse organization
(c) comprehension of non-literal language

24
Q

Aprosodia - inability to use ___ and ___ to effectively express
emotions

A

intonation and stress

25
Q

t, Speech and behavior appear flat and emotionless. is a sign of

A

aprosodia

26
Q

Discourse organization disorders - difficulties implementing the

A

rules that
govern language construction

27
Q

e 22q11 deletion is associated with

A

VCFS

28
Q

– 1/3rd
of ___ children meet criteria for Autism Spectrum Disorder

A

VCFS

29
Q

Males are ___ times more likely to have an ASD than females

A

four

30
Q

20-30% of kids with autism develop ___

A

epilepsy

31
Q

t 90% of cases of autism are ___

A

idiopathic (very small percentage is genetic)

32
Q

Most consistent findings in brain assocaited with autism changes in ___

A

cerebellum, amygdala

33
Q

pragmatics are the rules for

A

communciation or usage of language

34
Q

___ of information transmitted in conversation is nonverbal

A

90%

35
Q

prosody involves ___ changes

A

pitch

36
Q

brocas area is defined as

A

brodmann 44 and 45

37
Q

wernickes is in the ___

A

left temporal lobe on the superior temporal gyrus in most people

38
Q

wernickes is more associaed with ___

A

producing speech

39
Q

angular gyrus is involved in ___ processing

A

semantic

40
Q

supramarginal gyrus is involve din

A

phonological and articularoy processing of words

41
Q

homonyms and antynoyms light up ___ regions of the brain

A

different

42
Q

___ aphasia has the tendency to repeat words or phrases

A

brocas

43
Q

___ hemisphere is more concerend with nonverbal language

A

right

44
Q

excessive alcohol affects ___ area in particular that is related to language

A

brocas

45
Q

what areas are involved with vowels and syllables?

A

broca, motor cortex, premotor