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Flashcards in Speech and Language Deck (45):
1

Etiologies of Communcation Disorders include 

Trauma
Vascular disturbance
Tumor/Infection

Environment (e.g., low SES, nutritional deficiency) **
Neurodegeneration (e.g., Parkinson’s, alcoholism)**
Genetic (e.g., velocardiofacial syndrome) **
Idiopathic (e.g., autism) ** 

2

what are the subcortical areas involved in vocalization? 

prefrontal cortex?

PAG

limbic system

caudal medullay

nucleus retroambiguous

 

A image thumb
3

___ is complete loss of language, 

global aphasia 

4

someone with global aphasia may still ahve control of 

 facial expressions, hand gestures, and vocal intonations

5

global aphasia can result from damage to 

Broca’s, Wernicke’s, and supramarginal gyrus

6

•Conduction aphasia - problem ___

repeating words or phrases,

7

___ and ___ are normal with conduction aphasia 

anguage comprehension and oral expression 

8

conduction aphasia can be caused by damage to the 

arcuate fasciculus, auditory cortex, insula, or supramarginal gyrus

9

Anomic aphasia - difficulty in

fidning certain words

10

using vague phrases like “thing” or “whatsit”  may be a sign of 

Anomic aphasia 

11

anomic aphasia may be from damage to the

 to the angular gyrus or parietal lobe

12

___ aphasia - from small lesions to the L. subcortical areas,

Subcortical

13

___ aphasia has various sx

subcortical

14

Transcortical Motor aphasia and brocas?

both are expressive aphasia

but transcortical motor can repeat long sentences, brocas can only repeat simple words

*

15

____ - loss of articulation ability from damage to the motor system

Anarthria

16

Alexia - loss of reading ability due to damage in___

 L. occipital & parietal lobes

17

alexia causes problems with ___ but not ___

problems with reading but not wriging

18

ight hemisphere damage
(RHD) causes a variety of communication deficits involving the 

interpretation of
context.

19

Indirect context disorders - difficulties 

interacting with your environment 

20

2 examples of indirect context disorders 

hemineglect and anosognosia 

21

, anosognosia - the ___ of such deficits 

unawareness

22

Direct context disorders - affect ___ and ___ directly

communication and cognition

23

direct context or  pragmatic disorders can be further subdivided into disorders of: (3)

(a) prosody (aprosodia)
(b) discourse organization
(c) comprehension of non-literal language 

24

Aprosodia - inability to use ___ and ___ to effectively express
emotions

intonation and stress

25

t, Speech and behavior appear flat and emotionless.  is a sign of

aprosodia

26

Discourse organization disorders - difficulties implementing the

 rules that
govern language construction

27

e 22q11 deletion is associated with 

VCFS

28

– 1/3rd
of ___ children meet criteria for Autism Spectrum Disorder

VCFS

29

Males are ___ times more likely to have an ASD than females

four

30

20-30% of kids with autism develop ___

epilepsy

31

t 90% of cases of autism are ___ 

idiopathic (very small percentage is genetic)

32

Most consistent findings in brain assocaited with autism changes in ___

cerebellum, amygdala 

33

pragmatics are the rules for

communciation or usage of language

34

___ of information transmitted in conversation is nonverbal 

90%

35

prosody involves ___ changes

pitch

36

brocas area is defined as

brodmann 44 and 45

37

wernickes is in the ___

left temporal lobe on the superior temporal gyrus in most people

38

wernickes is more associaed with ___

producing speech

39

angular gyrus is involved in ___ processing

semantic

40

supramarginal gyrus is involve din

phonological and articularoy processing of words

41

homonyms and antynoyms light up ___ regions of the brain

different

42

___ aphasia has the tendency to repeat words or phrases

brocas

43

___ hemisphere is more concerend with nonverbal language

right

44

excessive alcohol affects ___ area in particular that is related to language

brocas

45

what areas are involved with vowels and syllables?

Q image thumb

broca, motor cortex, premotor