what do you need to have to be dx with sleep disorder?
must have next day consequences
what do you need to LACK to be dx with a sleep disorder
ANY organic, psych, or substance etiology
advanced circadian clock problems often involves what population
elderly people go to sleep and wake up early
delayed circadian clock problems often involves what population
third shift work, jet lag
what should you tx insomnia with
GABA, galanine, or psychotherapy
what should you tx hypersomnia with
stimulants, antidepressants, or naps
which sleep disorder has the strongest genetic ties?
cause of narcelopsy
caused by autoimmune destruction of orexin (“backup generator”) neurons
hallucinations upon waking
hallucinations uponm sleeping
what is cataplexy often triggered by
central sleep apnea involves
the brainstem stops working in sleep
Obstructive sleep apnea is associated with loss of ___
obstructive sleep apnea is associated with
age, high BP, and obesity.
tx for sleep apnea
central psotiive airway pressure or dental devices
what is not recommended for tx for sleep apnea
cause of Restless Legs Syndrome?
combination of genes and environment
low Fe can be a cause of
restless legs syndrome
tx of restless leg syndrome?
sleep terrors occur during
nightmare disorder occurs during
Sleepwalking/Somnambulism occurs during
stage 3/4 sleep
sleep talking occurs during
all sleep stages
Sleep Related Bruxism occurs during
stage 2 sleep
the ___ areas of the alteral hypothlaamus are the off switchand NREM promoting center of the CNS
ventrolateral and median preoptic
VLPO/MNPO causes us to sleep via increased
gaba and galanin activity
VLPO/MNPO turns off ___ TMN wakefulness half of the switch
VLPO/MNPO are silent during
when does VLPO/MNPO fire?
___ fires mostly as one drifts to sleep