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Flashcards in Anatomy & Physiology Deck (169)
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1

How many bones are in the sternum?

1

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 90)

2

How many thoracic vertebrae does the horse have?

18

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 91)

3

How many lumbar vertebrae does the horse have?

6

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 91)

4

How many sacral vertebrae does the horse have?

5

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 91)

5

Which bone in the horse's body is the heaviest and strongest?

Femur

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 687)

6

What is the general term for the last 10 pairs of ribs that are not connected to the sternum?

False ribs or floating ribs

(Source: Illustrated Dictionary of Equine Terms, p. 104)

7

How many pairs of ribs are true?

8

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 97 / Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 26)

8

How many pairs of ribs are false?

10

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 97 / Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 27)

9

How many bones are in the horse's hoof?

3

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 696)

10

Is the horses eyeball larger or smaller than an elephant and whale?

Larger

(Source: Equine Science, Griffiths, p. 60)

11

Approximately how many degrees can the horse rotate each ear?

180 degrees

(Source: Equine Science, Griffiths, p. 62)

12

How much of the horses total body weight is made up of water?

65-75%

(Source: Equine Science, Griffiths, p. 62)

13

What is the term for an eye that is small and set back into the head?

Pig-eye

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 124)

14

What is the spasmodic muscle contraction that produces heat to help maintain body temperature?

Shivering

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 104)

15

Which organ in the horse stores vitamin A?

Liver

(Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 730-2 / Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 252)

16

Name two areas of hair on the horse that do not shed.

Eyelashes, Tail, Mane, Tactile hairs of the muzzle

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 129)

17

What color are a horse's hooves usually at birth?

White

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 82)

18

What is the normal color of a horse's eye?

Brown

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 82)

19

How often does a horse shed?

Twice a year

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 129)

20

Where is the hoof wall the thickest?

At the toe

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 695)

21

Name the four classifications of bones in the horse.

Long, short, flat, irregular

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 90)

22

Bones are held together by what?

Ligaments

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 90)

23

Muscles are attached to bones by what?

Tendons

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 90)

24

Do the front legs or hind legs have the most joints?

Hind legs

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 98)

25

What is the hair called that falls on the face between the ears?

The forelock

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 142)

26

Name the four components of the horse's topline.

Withers, Back, Loin, Croup

(Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 220-6)

27

What does the panniculus muscle do in the horse?

It moves the skin and shakes flies off the horse.

(Source: Illustrated Dictionary of Equine Terms, p. 203)

28

Name the two bones which make up the forearm.

Radius and Ulna

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 97)

29

What is another name for the scapula?

Shoulder blade

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 97)

30

The heart is composed of how many chambers?

4

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 111)