Teeth/Age Determination Flashcards Preview

Horse bowl > Teeth/Age Determination > Flashcards

Flashcards in Teeth/Age Determination Deck (45)
Loading flashcards...
1

How many teeth does a mature mare have?

36

(Source: Horse Science (National 4-H Council), p. 16 / The Horse, Evans, p. 92)

2

What are wolf teeth?

The small teeth that may appear in front of the upper pre-molars

(Source: Horse Science (National 4-H Council), p. 17)

3

At what age do the first of the central incisors appear?

2 1/2 years

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 52)

4

The front teeth of a horse are used to determine age. What are the front teeth called?

Incisors

(Source: Horse Science (National 4-H Council), p. 14)

5

Name three ways to estimate the age of horses by appearance of their teeth.

Occurrence of permanent teeth, disappearance of cups, angle of incidence, shape of the surface of the permanent teeth

(Source: Horse Science (National 4-H Council), p. 15)

6

When looking at a profile, or side view of the horse's mouth, what is the term for the angle formed where the upper and lower incisor teeth meet?

Angle of Incidence OR Angle of Bite

(Source: Horse Science (National 4-H Council), p. 14, 17 / Illustrated Dictionary of Equine Terms, p. 11)

7

The young horse has how many deciduous teeth?

24

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 92 / AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 240-2)

8

Removing the sharp edges of a horse's teeth with a rasp is known as what?

Floating

(Source: Illustrated Dictionary of Equine Terms, p. 110)

9

A horse's age can be determined considerably accurate by examining the incisors. How many incisors does a mature horse have?

12 incisors

(Source: Horse Science (National 4-H Council), p. 14)

10

Artificially altering the teeth of an older horse in an attempt to sell them as a younger horse is called what?

Bishoping

(Source: Illustrated Dictionary of Equine Terms, p. 29 / Horses Science (National 4-H Council), p. 17 / Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 55)

11

What are the characteristics of the teeth found on a 12 year old horse?

The cups have disappeared in the upper and lower incisors and the horse has a "smooth mouth"

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 53)

12

At the age of one month, how many incisor teeth are visible?

4

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 51)

13

Give the name for the teeth that appear in the interdental space on the male horse at 5 years of age.

Canine Teeth

(Source: Horse Science (National 4-H Council), p. 14)

14

What is the common name for the first upper premolar?

Wolf Teeth

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 92)

15

The space between the incisors and the molars is called the.....?

Interdental Space

(Source: Illustrated Dictionary of Equine Terms, p. 153)

16

Name the rear or grinding teeth of the horse.

Molars

(Source: Horse Science (National 4-H Council), p. 15)

17

What is a good way to determine the age of your horse?

By examining the teeth (incisors)

(Source: Horse Science (National 4-H Council), p. 14 / The Horse, Evans, p. 92 / AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 240-1)

18

What term describes a horse that has a complete set of permanent incisors?

Full Mouth

(Source: Horse Science (National 4-H Council), p. 14)

19

What are the teeth that erupt in the interdental spaces of some stallions and geldings called?

Tushes

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 92 / Illustrated Dictionary of Equine Terms, p. 276)

20

What is the smooth biting surface of the upper and lower incisors after the cups have disappeared at 11 years of age or older called?

Smooth Mouth

(Source: Horse Science (National 4-H Council), p. 15)

21

What are molars?

Rear teeth or grinding teeth

(Source: Horse Science (National 4-H Council), p. 15)

22

Is a smooth-mouthed horse older or younger than 12 years old?

Older

(Source: Horse Science (National 4-H Council), p. 15 / Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 53)

23

What are small pointed teeth that sometimes appear at the base of the first pre-molar tooth?

Wolf Teeth

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 92)

24

The young horse has 24 temporary teeth. What is another name for milk teeth?

Deciduous Teeth

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 92)

25

How many teeth does the mature male horse have?

40

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 92)

26

Which teeth come in first, temporary or permanent?

Temporary

(Source: Horse Science (National 4-H Council), p. 15 / AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 240-2)

27

Name the top part of the tooth protruding above he gum.

Crown

(Source: Horse Science (National 4-H Council), p. 14 / Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 54)

28

What do you call the third set of incisors (those next to the interdental space)?

Corners

(Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 240-1)

29

The second set of incisors is called what?

Intermediates

(Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 240-1)

30

Name two ways to distinguish permanent teeth from temporary teeth.

Permanent teeth have greater size, darker color, broader neck showing no constriction and greater width from side to side

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 50)