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Flashcards in Conformation Deck (64):
1

What is the abnormal contraction of the heel?

Contracted feet

Source: Horse Science (National 4-H Council), p. 13

2

Name 3 common faults in the foot corrected by trimming?

Splayfoot, pigeon toe, quarter crack, cocked angles, contracted heels

Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 49

3

If a horse is parrot mouthed, what does that mean?

The lower jaw is shorter than the upper jaw

Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 10 / Horse Science (National 4-H Council), p. 13

4

Which is a more serious condition, toed-in or toed-out?

Toed-out

Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 151

5

What is coon footed?

Long sloping pasterns throwing fetlocks low

Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 8

6

What is splayfoot?

It is when the front toes are turned out and the heels are turned in

Source: Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 458

7

What is it called when the angle of the foot is noticeably less than 45 degrees?

Flat feet

Source: Illustrated Dictionary of Equine Terms, p. 109

8

The back of the horse carries the weight of the rider. A concave or sagging back is termed what?

Swayback

Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 152

9

What term describes a horse that is low in the withers with heavy shoulder muscling?

Mutton withered

Source: Illustrated Dictionary of Equine Terms, p. 184

10

What is buck-kneed?

Knees bent forward or over at the knees

Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 230-5

11

Name two conformation faults associated with the stifle.

Straight behind, standing under behind, camped behind

12

Knock knees or bench knees are conformation faults that are visible from the.....?

Front

Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 12 / AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 230-5

13

Structure, form and symmetrical arrangement of parts as applied to a horse is referred to as what?

Conformation

Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 8

14

When buying a horse, how should the height of the croup compare to the height of the withers?

The should be the same

Source: Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 34

15

Is parrot mouth a genetic defect?

Yes

Source: Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 60

16

What is a bench knee?

The cannon bone is not centered in the knee as viewed from the front

Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 147

17

What term describes ears that are carried in a loose, inattentive, sluggish manner?

Lopped ears

Source: Illustrated Dictionary of Equine Terms, p. 172

18

A heavy neck which breaks and falls to one side is called what?

Broken crest

Source: Illustrated Dictionary of Equine Terms, p. 40

19

What is the conformation fault in which the knees are bent forward?

Buck-kneed

Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 230-5

20

What is calf-kneed?

Knees bent backward

Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 230-6

21

Referring to horses, what is a hand?

A measurement of height; one hand equals 4 inches

Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 139

22

What is the hardest working joint in the horse's legs?

Hock

Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 154

23

What is tucked up?

Thin & cut up in the flank like a greyhound

Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 4

24

What is the term for flat-ribbed?

Slab-sided

Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 9

25

At what angle should the head join the neck?

45 degrees

Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 10

26

What is the term for protruding eyes?

Bug-eyed or bovine eyes

Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 144

27

What is cow-hocked?

Hocks close together, feet wide apart

Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 9

28

Describe goose-rumped.

A croup that slopes and tapers from the hip to the buttocks

Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 154

29

What is the difference between splayfooted & pigeon-toed?

Splayfoot - front toes turned out
Pigeon-toed - front toes turned in

Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 230-1,2

30

What is roman-nosed?

Face is convex

Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 220-4 / Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 10

31

Name an undesirable trait of the croup?

Goose rumped

Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 154

32

What is the most common defect in the rear legs?

Cow hocked

Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 230-6

33

Why should the bottom line of a horse be longer than the top line?

To allow for a longer stride

Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 220-6

34

Why shouldn't a horse have low, flat withers?

They don't hold a saddle well

Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 220-6

35

What is the term for a horse having a short, steep croup?

Goose-rumped

Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 9

36

What is the term for a horse with too little angle at the hock?

Post-legged

Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 11

37

What is the term for a horse with too much angle at the hock?

Sickle-hocked

Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 11

38

What is the ideal angle of hoof to ground?

45 degrees

Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 11

39

What is paunchy?

Too much belly

Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 9

40

What is the term for a thin, sharp, arched back?

Roached back

Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 9

41

Describe phenotype.

The way the horse looks on the outside

Source: Equine Science, Griffiths, p. 91

42

What are mutton withers?

Low, flat withers OR round, thick

Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 151

43

Describe swayback.

Concave or sagging back

Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 152

44

Describe roached back.

Convex appearance of back

Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 152

45

Describe the saddling problem that occurs with a mutton withered horse.

The saddle slips and will not stay in place

Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 151

46

What term means that a horse is proportionally as long as it is tall?

Balanced

Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 133

47

Besides supporting the weight of the saddle & rider, what is another reason that the loin should be short & strong?

Carries power from the hind legs forward

Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 220-6

48

Define the term "camped out behind".

Entire forelimb is too far forward and away from the body

Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 230-5

49

A horse whose hocks are too far apart with his feet set close together is said to be what?

Bow-legged or out at the hock

Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 230-7

50

Name one desirable characteristic of the rear quarters as viewed from the side or rear.

Should appear square

Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 220-7

51

To evaluate conformation, it is necessary to know what?

The parts of the horse

Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 220-3

52

What does the term Roached Back mean?

Having a thin, sharp, arched back

Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 9

53

Name one area of the hindquarters where the muscle should have thickness.

Thigh, stifle, gaskin

Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 153-154

54

Name one characteristic you want in a horse's eye.

Large, clear, set wide apart, bright, bold, alert, soft, kind

Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 220-4

55

Body type, color patterns, gaits & way of going are examples of what type of characteristics?

Breed characteristics

Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 220-8

56

Define base narrow.

Horse stands closer at the ground than at the origin of the legs in the chest

Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 230-2

57

Describe the "bow-legged" horse.

Wide at the knees, narrower at the feet

Source: Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 514

58

Base wide, narrow-chested horses have feet that are usually what?

Toed out

Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 230-3

59

What is monkey-mouthed?

Undershot jaw

Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 220-4

60

In reference to conformation, describe a horse that is "built downhill".

Height at hip is higher than the height of withers

Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 135

61

What is the term for the physical appearance of an animal?

Conformation

Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 220-1

62

What is goose rumped?

Having short, steep croup

Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 9

63

What does it mean if a horse is slab sided?

Flat ribbed

Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 9

64

What does the term bugeyed mean?

Eye protruding horse; horse usually can not see well

Source: Horse Science (National 4-H Council), p. 8