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Flashcards in Conformation Deck (64)
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1

What is the abnormal contraction of the heel?

Contracted feet

Source: Horse Science (National 4-H Council), p. 13

2

Name 3 common faults in the foot corrected by trimming?

Splayfoot, pigeon toe, quarter crack, cocked angles, contracted heels

Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 49

3

If a horse is parrot mouthed, what does that mean?

The lower jaw is shorter than the upper jaw

Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 10 / Horse Science (National 4-H Council), p. 13

4

Which is a more serious condition, toed-in or toed-out?

Toed-out

Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 151

5

What is coon footed?

Long sloping pasterns throwing fetlocks low

Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 8

6

What is splayfoot?

It is when the front toes are turned out and the heels are turned in

Source: Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 458

7

What is it called when the angle of the foot is noticeably less than 45 degrees?

Flat feet

Source: Illustrated Dictionary of Equine Terms, p. 109

8

The back of the horse carries the weight of the rider. A concave or sagging back is termed what?

Swayback

Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 152

9

What term describes a horse that is low in the withers with heavy shoulder muscling?

Mutton withered

Source: Illustrated Dictionary of Equine Terms, p. 184

10

What is buck-kneed?

Knees bent forward or over at the knees

Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 230-5

11

Name two conformation faults associated with the stifle.

Straight behind, standing under behind, camped behind

12

Knock knees or bench knees are conformation faults that are visible from the.....?

Front

Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 12 / AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 230-5

13

Structure, form and symmetrical arrangement of parts as applied to a horse is referred to as what?

Conformation

Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 8

14

When buying a horse, how should the height of the croup compare to the height of the withers?

The should be the same

Source: Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 34

15

Is parrot mouth a genetic defect?

Yes

Source: Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 60

16

What is a bench knee?

The cannon bone is not centered in the knee as viewed from the front

Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 147

17

What term describes ears that are carried in a loose, inattentive, sluggish manner?

Lopped ears

Source: Illustrated Dictionary of Equine Terms, p. 172

18

A heavy neck which breaks and falls to one side is called what?

Broken crest

Source: Illustrated Dictionary of Equine Terms, p. 40

19

What is the conformation fault in which the knees are bent forward?

Buck-kneed

Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 230-5

20

What is calf-kneed?

Knees bent backward

Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 230-6

21

Referring to horses, what is a hand?

A measurement of height; one hand equals 4 inches

Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 139

22

What is the hardest working joint in the horse's legs?

Hock

Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 154

23

What is tucked up?

Thin & cut up in the flank like a greyhound

Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 4

24

What is the term for flat-ribbed?

Slab-sided

Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 9

25

At what angle should the head join the neck?

45 degrees

Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 10

26

What is the term for protruding eyes?

Bug-eyed or bovine eyes

Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 144

27

What is cow-hocked?

Hocks close together, feet wide apart

Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 9

28

Describe goose-rumped.

A croup that slopes and tapers from the hip to the buttocks

Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 154

29

What is the difference between splayfooted & pigeon-toed?

Splayfoot - front toes turned out
Pigeon-toed - front toes turned in

Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 230-1,2

30

What is roman-nosed?

Face is convex

Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 220-4 / Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 10