General Equitation/Riding Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in General Equitation/Riding Deck (31):
1

Name one of the two terms for the right side of the horse.

Far side or Off side

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 20)

2

Name 3 equitation seats.

Hunt Seat, Saddle Seat, Stock (western)

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 20)

3

The off side of the horse is what side?

Right

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 20)

4

What term refers to the rider's legs, hands, weight and voice, as used in controlling the horse?

Aids

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 20)

5

When mounting for English equitation, on what part of the saddle do you place the right hand?

Cantle

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 434)

6

Name the four basic aids used in controlling your horse.

Voice, hands, legs, weight

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 21)

7

What is the name given to the rising and descending of a rider with the rhythm of the trot?

Posting

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 20)

8

What is a rubberneck?

A horse with a very flexible neck, hard to rein

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 9)

9

When mounting a horse, on what side do you generally mount?

Left

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 20)

10

When riding in groups, what kind of distance should you keep between horses?

Horse length

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 53)

11

What is a stargazer?

A horse that holds his head too high & its nose out

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 9 / Illustrated Dictionary of Equine Terms, p. 254)

12

What is a half-halt?

A slight check in pace to collect a horse before applying the necessary aids for a change in pace or movement

(Source: Illustrated Dictionary of Equine Terms, p. 128)

13

What is posting?

Rising and descending of the rider with the rhythm of the trot

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 20 / Illustrated Dictionary of Equine Terms, p. 218)

14

To obtain a left lead, which leg would you apply pressure with?

Right

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 23)

15

What is the proper way to ask your horse to back?

Grip with your legs, hold reins low, pull lightly using give & take motion

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 23)

16

Ride with your weight on what part of the foot?

Ball

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 20)

17

Heavy hands can cause damage to what part of the horse?

Mouth (bars)

18

When speaking of horseback riding, what is a passenger?

One who rides without control, letting the horse go as it wishes

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 40)

19

What term means "the art of riding horseback"?

Equitation

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 20)

20

A horse length equals how many feet?

8 feet

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 20)

21

When should you signal your horse for the stop?

When the horse's rear legs are moving forward under its' body

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 22)

22

When you get ready to mount properly, what do you do to get your horse under control?

Adjust the reins evenly with enough tension to feel the bit & hold horse steady

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 20)

23

Explain how you would "gather" your horse?

Take up on reins & settle in saddle

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 21)

24

When riding a trot Western style, the body should be inclined slightly more in which direction than at the walk?

Forward

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 21)

25

What aids are used when asking a horse to take the left lead & how are they used?

Apply pressure with right leg, shift weight to left

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 23)

26

What does it mean to "pull leather"?

Holding to the saddle with both hands when riding a bucking horse

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 20)

27

Explain how you would get your horse to sidepass?

Hold horse in to prevent forward motion. Rein in the direction you wish to move forequarters & use outside leg to move hindquarters.

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 23)

28

What is horsemanship?

The art of riding the horse & understanding its needs

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 20)

29

When riding, your legs are used to signal what?

Speed & movements

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 21)

30

What is the purpose of a warm-up?

Gives horse a chance to loosen up stiff muscles

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 41)

31

What part of the horse's body do your hands control?

The forehand

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 21)