Terms Flashcards Preview

Horse bowl > Terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Terms Deck (118):
1

applied to a horse that is sensitive about the head and jerks away when touched

Headshy

1

an acquired habit that is annoying, or may interfere with the horse's usefulness. ex. cribbing

Vice

2

the fore part of a horse; the forelegs, head, and shoulders is referred to what?

Forehand

3

Proper balance or relationship of all parts is called what?

Symmetrical

4

any mark or blemish that imapairs usefulness; also called a defect

Unsoundness

5

unsoundness; cloudy or opaque appearance of the eye

Cataract

6

unsoundness; impaired vision or blindness

Defective Eyes

7

unsoundness; inflamed swelling of poll

Poll Evil

8

blemish; outward arched profile of the nose area

Roman Nose

9

unsoundess; lower jaw is shorter than upper jaw. Also called parrot mouth

Overshot Jaw

10

unsoundness or blemish; inflamed swelling of withers

Fistula of Withers

11

unsoundness; atrophy or decrease in size of a single muscle or group of muscles, usually found in shoulders

Sweeny

12

blemish; soft, flabby swelling at the point of elbow

Shoe Boil / Capped Elbow

13

unsoundness, faulty conformation; over on the knees

Buck Knee / Knee-sprun

14

unsoundness; enlarged, stretched flexor tendons behind the cannon bones

Bowed Tendons

15

unsoundness; bony growth above and toward the rear quarter of hoof head

Side Bone

16

unsoundness; fistula of the hoof head

Quittor

17

blemish; vertical split in the wall of the hoof

Quarter / Sand Crack

18

unsoundness; difficult breathing, lung damage

Heaves

19

unsoundness; difficult breathing due to an obstruction, usually in larynx

Roaring

20

unsoundness; protrusion of internal organs through the wall (hernia) of the body.

Rupture

21

faulty conformation; the condition of having a distinct fall or scoop in that portion of the back between the shoulders and hindquarters

Sway Back

22

unsoundness; displaced patella of stifle joint

Stifled

23

nervous disorder characterized by excessive jerking of the hind leg

Stringhalt

24

unsoundness; puffy swelling which appears on upper part of hock and in front of the large tendon

Thoroughpin

25

blemish or unsoundness; enlargement on point of hock. progresses from blemish to unsoundness

Capped Hock

26

unsoundness; meaty, soft swelling occuring on inner front part of hock

Bog Spavin

27

unsoundness; bony growth usually found on inside lower point of hock

Bone Spavin / Jack Spavin

28

unsoundness; hard swelling on back surface of rear cannon about four inches below point of hock

Curb

29

unsoundness; usually in hind feet, horse stands bent forward, due to contracted tendons

Cocked Ankle

30

blemish; swelling of vein usually below seat of bog spavin

Blood Spavin

31

the science of the structure of the animal body and the relation of its parts

Anatomy

32

the corner incisors or those located back and adjacent to the forward edge of the interdental space (third set of incisors)

Corners

33

the centrally located upper and lower incisors

Centers

34

a bad habit of some horses in which the animal grasps the manger or other object with the incisor teeth, arches the neck, makes peculiar movements with the head, and swallows quanitities of air. also called wind-sucking

Cribbing

35

the top of a tooth protruding above the gum

Crown of Tooth

36

the hollow space on the wearing surface of an incisor

Cups

37

A star shaped or circle like structure near the center of the wearing surface of the permanent incisors. not used for acurate age determination

Dental Star

38

slender teeth in front used for biting grass, feed, etc.

Incisor

39

parallel to the long part of a tooth

Longitudinal (lengthwise)

40

the part of the tooth between the crown and root, located at the surface of the gums

Neck of Tooth

41

refers to the amount of use or wear observed on the biting surface of the incisors

Wear

42

appears at upper corner incisor at 10 years old, extends halfway down tooth at 15, and reaches wearing surface at 20. disappears at gum and is completely gone by 30.

Galvayne's Groove

43

an abnormal condition that an animal possesses at birth

Congenital

44

the progeny of a stallion

Get

45

the progeny of a mare

Produce

46

normal cell division

Mitosis

47

cell division that produces sex cells

Meiosis

48

glands located along the urethra of the male. produce fluids to nourish and preserve sperm.

Accessory Glands

49

includes the cervix and vagina of a female. the organs through which the unborn animal passes at birth

Birth Canal

50

removal of the testicles from a male. also: to alter, to geld

Castration

51

the narrow passage between the female's vagina and uterus

Cervix

52

a male foal

Colt

53

a solid mass that forms in the follicle after the egg has left. produces a hormone which helps maintain pregnancy. prevents other follicles from developing while the unborn animal is growing in the uterus

Corpus Luteum

54

a mass of tubes conected to the testicle. used to store sperm

Epididymis

55

hormones that stimulate the development and maintenance of feminine sexual characters. the principle hormones are: estradiol, estrone, estriol

Estrogenic Hormones

56

the period commonly called "heat"

Estrus

57

the sperm entering the egg

Fertilization

58

the unborn animal as it develops in the uterus

Fetus

59

a bubble-like structure on the ovary which contains an egg

Follicle

60

comes from the pituitary and causes follicle growth

Follicle Stimulating Hormone

61

the length of time for the development of the foal from time of fertilization to it's birth, about 11 months

Gestation Period

62

a body-regulating chemical secreted by a gland into the blood stream

Hormone

63

the funnel-like membrane that surrounds the ovary. It catches the egg when it is released by the ovary

Infundibulum

64

produced by the pituitary and regulates corpus luteim in female and testosterone secretion in male

Luteinizing Hormone

65

the dense center of the cell which contains genetic material

Nucleus

66

a female organ that produces eggs. there are 2.

Ovary

67

the tube which carries the egg from the ovary to the uterus

Oviduct

68

the time when the follicle bursts and the egg is released

Ovulation

69

scientific name for egg, the female reproductive cell

Ovum

70

the membrane by which the fetus is attached to the uterus. Nutrients from the mother pass into this and then through the naval chord to the fetus. When the animal is born, this is expelled, commonly called the "after-birth"

Placenta

71

the gland is located at the base of the brain and secretes hormones which regulates the body

Pituitary

72

the time during which the fertilized egg develops in the uterus

Pregnancy

73

a steroid hormone secreted by the hypertrophied cells of the corpus leteum. Aids in the development of the uterus for implantation and effective nutrition of the embryo

Progesterone

74

a hormone produced in the anterior pituitary gland. Starts lactation. In the case of nursing mothers, milk secretion is stimulated

Prolactin

75

a male horse that has retained one or both testicles in his body cavity

Ridgling

76

the egg and the sperm. they transmit genetic material from parents to offspring

Sex Cells

77

the sac-like pouch that suspends the testicles outside of the male

Scrotum

78

male sex cells produced in the testicles

Sperm

79

sperm mixed with fluids from the accessory glands

Semen

80

an unaltered male horse

Stallion

81

a male gland which produces sperm. there are 2.

Testicle

82

the tube through which both semen and urine pass through the penis of the male

Urethra

83

the canal which leads from the uterus to outside the female. Sperm is deposited there by the male. The fetus passes through this at birth

Vagina

84

the muscular, spongy organ of the female where the unborn animal develops, commonly called the womb

Uterus

85

the tube that carries sperm from the epididymis to the urethra of the male

Vas Deferens

86

a feed constituent that aids in the support of life

Nutrient

87

the less digestable form of carbohydrates found in feedstuffs

Fiber

88

complex compounds of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, which mainly supply building material for the body

Proteins

89

compounds of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, which mainly supply energy to the body

Carbohydrates

90

the amount of a nutrient found in feed

Crude / Total Nutrient

91

that part of each nutrient which is digested, taken into the body, and utilized

Digestable Nutrient

92

that part of the total or crude protein of a feed that can be utilized by the animal

Digestive Protein

93

the entire feed allowed to an animal during a 24-hour day whether all is given at one time or at different times

Ration

94

a ration that contains all of the digestible nutrients that will properly nourish an animal for 24 hours

Balanced Ration

95

a ration that furnishes just enough of each of the nutreints required to support an animal, which is doing no work and yielding no product, so that it will neither gain nor lose weight

Maintenance Ration

96

the sum of the digestible protein, digestible carbohydrates, and digestible fat

Total Digestible Nutrients

97

what is left in a feed sample after the water has been removed

Dry Matter

98

minerals that are needed in very small amounts for the normal functioning of the body

Trace Minerals

99

a plant pigment that is the precursor of vitamin A

Carotene

100

the part of the ration that is a concentrated form of one or more of the essential nutrients

Supplement

101

chemical substances used in the treatment of infectious diseases

Antibiotics

102

a feedstuff produced as a secondary product in the manufacturing of another feed, usually a grain. Wheat bran is the outer layer of the grain kernel.

By-Product Feed

103

drugs that cause contraction of infected areas, such as tannic acid, alum and zinc oxide or sulphate

Astringent

104

a diseased condition

Pathological

105

one who is trained and skilled in the treating of diseases and injuries of animals

Veterinarian

106

a reduction in the hemoglobin of red blood cells with a deficiency of oxygen in the blood

Anemia

107

a substance capable of destroying or eliminating parasitic worms

Anthelmintic

108

inflammation of the bronchial tubes (extensions of the windpipe)

Bronchitis

109

an acute abdominal pain; may be caused by a great variety of disorders

Colic

110

the lodgment of an abnormal or foreign particle, such as a blood clot, in a tube or canal of the circulatory, with the tube being too small to permit its passage

Embolism

111

organisms in the early stages of development

Embryos

112

an insect which carries and transmits disease-causing microorganisms

Insect Vector

113

the immature, wormlike form into which insects hatch the egg.

Larva

114

a soft-boddied, grub like, footless larva of an insect; applied especially to forms living in decaying matter

Maggot

115

to cast off or shed the hair, feathers, horns, outer layer of skin, etc., being replaced by new growth

Molt

116

an intermediate, usually motionless, form assumed by metabolic insects after the larval stage, and maintained until the beginning development of the adult stage

Pupa

117

abnormal passage connecting an abscess or hollow organ to the body surface or connecting two hollow organs

Fistula