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Flashcards in Unsoundness, Blemishes, Lameness Deck (52)
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1

What is Sweeney?

Shrinkage of the muscles in the shoulder of the horse

(Source: Illustrated Dictionary of Equine Terms, p. 260 / Horse Science (National 4-H Council), p. 13 / The Horse, Evans, p. 163)

2

What deviations can be seen in the hock when viewed from the side?

Sickle hocks

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 154)

3

Practically speaking, what is the difference between unsoundness in a horse and a blemish?

Unsoundness is an imperfection that affects the usability. Blemishes may distract from appearance but do not affect usability.

(Source: Horse Science (National 4-H Council), p. 12 / Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 58)

4

What is the name for the condition characterized by excessive flexion of one or both hocks, most easily detected when backing a horse?

Stringhalt

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 164 / Illustrated Dictionary of Equine Terms, p. 258 / Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 67)

5

What is ringbone?

Bony enlargements on the pastern bones

(Source: Horse Science (National 4-H Council), p. 13 / The Horse, Evans, p. 160)

6

What is another name for a capped elbow?

Shoe Boil

(Source: Illustrated Dictionary of Equine Terms, p. 244)

7

Sidebones occur in both the front and hind feet but are more common in the.....?

Front

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 160 / Horse Science (National 4-H Council), p. 13 / Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 58, 66)

8

What do you call a varicose vein enlargement which appears on the inside of the hock immediately above the location of the bog spavin?

Blood spavin

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 61)

9

Where are bucked shins located?

They are common on the front leg and rare on the hind limb

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 62)

10

What is a splint?

A bony enlargement that develops in the area of the splint bone or cannon bone

(Source: Illustrated Dictionary of Equine Terms, p. 252)

11

What is an enlargement on the front of the cannon bone between the knees and the fetlock joint?

Sore or bucked shins

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 159)

12

Name the enlargement of the knee joint resulting from inflammation of the joint capsule, the carpus, or the ligaments.

Carpitis or popped knee

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 163)

13

Swollen tendons behind the cannon bone in both the front and hind legs are called what?

Bowed tendons

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 61)

14

What is the calcification or bony growth, usually occurring on the inside of the cannon bone on the front leg?

Splints

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 158)

15

Any mark or deformity that diminishes the beauty but does not affect the usefulness of the horse is called what?

A blemish

(Source: Horse Science (National 4-H Council), p. 12)

16

Free from any abnormal deviation in structure or function which interferes with the usefulness of the horse is called what?

Sound

(Source: Horse Science (National 4-H Council), p. 12)

17

What is the term used to describe an imperfection in which the lower jaw is shorter than the upper jaw?

Parrot mouth

(Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 1060-5 / Horse Science (National 4-H Council), p. 13)

18

Name the joint where bog spavins, bone spavins, curbs and thoroughpins can occur.

The hock

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 58)

19

What is bowed tendon?

Inflammation and enlargement of the tendons at the back of the front cannon

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 160)

20

Abnormalities in the jawbone can result in an undershot jaw. What is another name for this type of jaw?

Monkey mouth

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 168)

21

Name the unsoundness described as a hard swelling below the point of the hock.

Curb

(Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 230-4)

22

Osselets are inflammatory conditions around which joint, and result from strain or pressure on immature bones?

Fetlock

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 161)

23

What is a small, fleshy outgrowth?

Caruncle

(Source: Illustrated Dictionary of Equine Terms, p. 49)

24

How does blistering induce more rapid healing for treatment of inflamed joints, tendons and bones?

Increases blood supply to the blistering site

(Source: Illustrated Dictionary of Equine Terms, p. 32)

25

What is a thoroughpin?

A soft, puffy swelling on the upper hock

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 68 / Illustrated Dictionary of Equine Terms, p. 266)

26

Applying an irritating substance such as iodine or mercury to treat a blemish or unsoundness to increase blood supply is known as what?

Blistering

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 513)

27

What is a capped hock?

Enlargement at the point of the hock; usually caused by bruising

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 62)

28

What is a depression in the shoulder due to atrophied muscles?

Sweeney

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 60)

29

A bruise to the soft tissue underlying the horny sole of the foot that turns a reddish discoloration is called what?

Corns

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 63 / Illustrated Dictionary of Equine Terms, p. 68)

30

Describe undershot jaw.

Upper jaw is shorter than lower jaw

(Source: Horse Science (National 4-H Council), p. 13)