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Flashcards in Kentucky-Senior-Tack Deck (130)
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1

Q.: Approximately how long does a tetanus antitoxin vaccination give protection?

A.: Two weeks

2

Q.: Give two causes of contracted heels.

A.: Lack of frog pressure and lack of moisture in the hoof, heredity, faulty conformation

3

A.: Lack of frog pressure and lack of moisture in the hoof, heredity, faulty conformation

Q.: What is gravel?

4

Q.: What is gravel?

A.: A condition which is usually caused by penetration of the protective covering of the hoof by small bits of gravel or dirt

5

Q.: What is a serious abnormality that affects the serviceability of the horse?

A.: Unsoundness

6

Q.: Most lameness can be detected at what gait?

A.: A (slow) trot

7

Q.: "Pounding" is a defect in way of going often associated with what conformation defect?

A.: Straight shoulders and pasterns

8

Q.: What disease do mites cause?

A.: Mange

9

Q.: What is the conformation in which the knees are bent forward called?

A.: Buck-kneed

10

Q.: What are anthelmintics?

A.: Worm medicines

11

Q.: What is the common conformation fault in the rear limbs that puts a strain on the plantar ligament, leading to a curb?

A.: Sickle Hocks

12

Q.: In calf roping, what is a calf tied up with?

A.: Pigging string

13

Q.: Seatless leggins made of leather and worn for protection from the cold and brush are called what?

A.: Chaps

14

Q.: What is another name for a double bridle?

A.: Weymouth bridle

15

Q.: When mounting for English Equitation, on what part of the saddle do you place the right hand?

A.: Cantle

16

Q.: In horses, what does a unicorn refer to?

A.: A type of hitch where two horses are hitched as a pair with a third in front of the pair

17

Q.: Name the saddle used by the calvary.

A.: McClellan

18

Q.: T/F, A rider should keep his hands as low as possible when using a hackamore.

A.: True, low hands cause the bosal pressure to be applied properly in the correct places

19

Q.: Name four methods of restraint.

A.: Blindfolding, applying twitch, lifting a foot, holding an ear or the tail, etc.

20

Q.: Should the curb chain on a halfbreed or spade bit be adjusted snugly or loosely?

A.: Snugly

21

Q.: What is the longitudinal groove in the bottom surface of a horseshoe, usually including nail holes, which increases traction called?

A.: Swedging

22

Q.: Name 3 types of pasture fences suitable for horses.

A.: Post & rail; post & cable; nylon; wire mesh; chain linked; post & plank

23

Q.: Name two types of martingales and describe their purposes.

A.: Standing - prevents elevation of the head beyond a certain level without cramping the horse; Running - allows more movement to the horse's head allowing the horse to be pulled in

24

Q.: Braces, copper roller and a high port are all part of what bit?

A.: Spade

25

Q.: The common remedy for what vice is a strap buckled around the neck in a way that will compress the larynx when the head is flexed?

A.: Cribbing

26

Q.: A bitless bridle that is often used in breaking young horses, especially polo and cow ponies, is a what?

A.: Bosal Hackamore

27

Q.: Which type of bridle must be used in a Saddle Seat Equitation class?

A.: Full bridle

28

Q.: A pelham bit is a (a) curb, (b) snaffle, (c) both curb and snaffle (d) hackamore

A.: C - both curb and snaffle

29

Q.: What do you call the bit mouthpiece designed to bring pressure to bear on the bars of the horse's mouth?

A.: Curb

30

Q.: What is a liverpool bit and what is it used for?

A.: It has a straight bar mouthpiece and can be used as a snaffle or a curb bit. Used on heavy harness horses, plowing horses