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Flashcards in Horsemanship-Horses and Horsemanship Deck (35)
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1

What should be considered when buying a horse?

Price, Brokeness, Size

2

Which is better suited for novice rider to begin on? Three gaited horses or five gaited?

Three Gaited

3

What is the purpose of the bridle?

Hold the bit in the horses mouth

4

Who developed the snaffle bit?

The Greeks

5

What is the oldest known type of bit?

Snaffle

6

Which bit rests lower in the mouth, curb or snaffle?

Curb

7

What is the most widely used bit used for training?

Snaffle

8

What type of snaffle is most commonly used on hunters and jumpers?

Egg Butt

9

Which single bit is a combination of both a cub and a snaffle, used with two reins and a curb chain?

Pelham

10

What does the term "single bridle" refer to?

One bit

11

What does the term "double bridle" refer to?

Two bits and two headstalls

12

Most common bit

Snaffle

13

What type of bit is braided rawhide or rope noseband referred to?

Bosal Hackamore

14

Where should a well fitting hackamore sit on a horses nose?

Four inches above the nostril.

15

How many fingers should fit between the hackamore and the branches of the jaw?

Two

16

Why is the hackamore bridle bit considered a "fake" bit?

It has shanks but no mouthpiece.

17

When was the "horse cloth" or earliest form of saddle, used?

800 B.C.

18

When was the first saddle with a tree made?

4th century A.D.

19

Who is credited with introducing the ladies sidesaddle and in what century?

Anne of Bohemia in the 14th century

20

In what type of events is an English saddle with a forward seat used?

Jumping and Hunting

21

Who first developed and used Western saddles?

the Spaniards in Old Mexico

22

How have American ranchers changed the western saddle?

Made them lighter, less cumbersome, added a higher pommel and a swelled fork.

23

How much does the average western saddle weigh?

35-40lbs

24

Who is believed to have invented the wheel?

The Egyptians

25

When was the first carriage built in Great Britain Made?

1555

26

A light racing vehicle with bicycle wheels

Sulky

27

How much does a sulky weigh?

29-37lbs

28

How many people could fit into a dogcart?

Four with the hounds carried under the seat

29

Which carriage is named after a town in Germany where it was first made in 1790. Its a covered carriage that the roof can be opened.

Landau

30

What carriage was made for King George IV in 1824

Pony Phaeton