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Flashcards in Horse Bowl Study Guide Deck (86)
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1

When and where were the first horses domesticated?

Central Asia or Persia more than 3000 years BC

2

What is a bad habit that may affect the horses usefulness, dependability or health called?

Vice

3

How many joints are in the hind leg?

seven

4

The horse has how many cervical vertebrae?

Seven

5

What is the external part of the ear called?

Auricle

6

What part of the horse's skeletal system consists of the skull, spinal column, ribs and breastbone?

Trunk

7

In what area of the horse would you find the pectoral muscles?

Chest

8

What is the name of the first cervical vertebrae?

Atlas

9

What is the function of the short bones?

To absorb concussion.

10

What should be the widest part of the hindquarters?

The stifle

11

What can be done to help bowed tendons?

Corrective Shoeing and Veterinary Intervention

12

A thickening of the plantar ligament of the hock is called what?

Curb

13

What is the longitudinal depression on the lavial surface of the upper incisor?

Galvayne's Groove

14

What determines all hereditary characteristics of a horse?

Genetics

15

A gene that does not show up when paired with a dominant gene is said to be what?

Recessive

16

Which is a dominant coat color, black or brown?

Black

17

What does the G locus provide for?

Dominant Grey

18

What is the primary sex organ of the stallion?

Testicle

19

What is a barren mare?

A mare that is not in foal

20

What hormone is responsible for the masculine appearance and behavior of the stallion?

Testosterone

21

When does puberty occur in the stallion?

About 1 year

22

What do the ovaries produce?

Eggs (Ova)

23

The membrane by which the fetus is attached to the uterus is what?

Placenta

24

What is the function of the urethra?

To transport urine and sperm in the male

25

How many days is the gestation period of the horse?

335-342 days

26

Where do the sperm and egg unite?

Oviduct

27

Why is the colostrum important?

It provides the foal with the first, essential proteins and immunity to protect against infection.

28

What is the name for the practice that is used to identify mares in estrus?

Teasing

29

What is the name for inflammation of the udder?

Mastitis

30

What is the name for a protrusion of intestine through the abdominal wall into the skin pouch that holds the testicles?

Scrotal Hernia