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Flashcards in Kentucky-Senior-Anatomy Deck (112)
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1

How much does the hoof wall grow per month?

1/8 to 1/2 inch

2

What sense in the horse functions with the following components: an auricle, tympanic cavity,
anvil, hammer and stirrup?

Hearing

3

Do the front legs or hind legs have the most joints in it?

Hind (7)

4

Which is a more serious condition, toed-in or toed-out?

Toed-out

5

What is the junction of the wall and the sole called?

White line

6

What term describes a horse that has a complete set of permanent incisors?

Full mouth

7

What describes the point of the frog towards to the toe?

Apex

8

The horse has how many cervical vertebrae?

Seven

9

What is the largest tissue mass in the horse's body?

Muscles

10

What is the external part of the ear called?

Auricle

11

The first upper premolars are also called what?

Wolf teeth

12

What part of the horse's skeleton consists of the skull, spinal column, ribs and
breastbone?

Trunk

13

Name the rear teeth or grinding teeth of the horse.

Molars

14

How many bones does the horse have?

205

15

How many teeth does a mature male horse have?

40

16

What is the name of the first cervical vertebrae?

Atlas

17

Name the cone-shaped muscular organ located between the lungs which propels blood
by alternate muscular contraction and relaxation.

Heart

18

What is the function of the short bones?

To absorb concussion

19

What and where is the ergot?

Small round, horny growth at the back of a horse's fetlock.

20

What are ossified lateral cartilages immediately above and toward the rear quarter of the
hoof head?

Sidebones

21

How many chambers in a horse's heart?

Four

22

The increased height of the 3rd, 4th, and 5th thoracic vertebrae make up the what?

The withers

23

What should be the widest part of the hindquarters?

The stifle

24

What is made possible by the action of bone levers, joint hinges, and tendon cables, and
the contraction of muscles?

Motion

25

Which jaw is wider in the horse, upper or lower?

Upper

26

Where do splints usually occur and why?

On the inside of the front legs because they receive the most weight

27

Where are the uterine horns located?

The abdominal cavity

28

Name the largest bone in the horse's face.

Mandible (lower jaw bone)

29

In what area of the horse would you find the pectoral muscles?

Chest

30

What is the horse's counterpart to the human knee?

The stifle