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Flashcards in Tack and Equipment Deck (48)
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1

What bridle has one bit with two sets of reins, the snaffle and the curb?

Pelham Bridle

2

What bridle is bitless?

Hackamore

3

How do bits function?

They put pressure on one or more parts of the horse's head.

4

What are seven pressure points of the bit?

Corners of the mouth, bars, tongue, roof of the mouth, curb groove, nose and the poll.

5

Where does the bit lie?

The bars

6

What are the bars?

An area between the molars and incisor teeth.

7

What are the parts of the bit?

Mouthpiece, shanks, cheek, and rings (or slots).

8

What is severity?

Determined by how much discomfort is produced at each pressure point.

9

The factors of severity are?

1) Diameter of the mouthpiece - large or small
2) Type of mouthpiece - jointed, port or bar
3) Amount of leverage produced - length of shank and cheek piece
4) Horses head position - nose up or flexed at the poll.

10

The snaffle can encourage the horse to do what?

Raise it's head

11

What are the pressure points of a snaffle bit?

Corners of the mouth, the bars and the tongue.

12

What is the Honda?

A ring of rope, rawhide, or metal on a lasso through which the loop slides.

13

What is a Jaquima?

Spanish bridle; a hackamore.

14

What is a Jockey?

A leather flap on the side of a saddle, OR the term for the horse's rider in a race.

15

What are Jodhpurs?

Close fitting riding breeches, OR ankle-high shoes worn with breeches.

16

What is a Lariat?

From Spanish, meaning "the rope". A rope, often of rawhide, with running noose, used for catching cattle.

17

What is a lead strap?

A strap or rope attached to the halter for leading.

18

What is a Martingale?

A strap running from the girth between front legs to the bridle.

19

What is a Mecate?

A hackamore lead rope.

20

What is Neat's Foot Oil?

An oil made from suet, feet, and bones of cattle, used for softening leather.

21

What is a Polochain?

A chin chain of flat, large links.

22

What is a Port?

the part of the mouthpiece of a bit curving up over the tongue.

23

What is a Reata?

Spanish for "lasso'.

24

What are Rowels?

the toothed wheels on spurs

25

What is a Shank?

that portion of the bit from the mouthpiece down.

26

What does Slick mean?

A term to describe the shape of the fork on a wester saddle.

27

What is a Snaffle?

a widely used type of bit

28

What is a Snaffle-key bit?

a snaffle with small metal pieces angling from the center used in training young horses to the bit.

29

What is a Surcingle?

a broad strap about the girth, to hold the blanket in place

30

What is a Tapadera?

Stirrup cover