Gaits Flashcards Preview

Horse bowl > Gaits > Flashcards

Flashcards in Gaits Deck (68)
Loading flashcards...
1

What is the average length of stride in the trot?

8-9 feet

(Source: Equine Science, Griffiths, p. 72)

2

Define transition in regards to gaits.

A change from one gait to another

(Source: MN 4-H Horsemanship and Horse Training Manual, p. 36)

3

What is pounding?

Hitting the ground hard in stride

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 18 / The Horse, Evans, p. 181)

4

At which gaits will lameness be most noticeable?

Walk, Trot

(Source: Horse Science (National 4-H Council), p. 12)

5

What can happen if the pastern is too straight?

It does not cushion the shock of the foot striking the ground and can lead to serious damage as well as a rough ride

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 11)

6

A horse which can both trot and pace with good speed is known as what?

Double gaited

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 517)

7

This is the horse's most useful gait and is called the "mother of all gaits".

Walk

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 172)

8

What is the term used to describe the rhythmic characteristic movements of a horse's feet and legs?

Gaits

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 17)

9

Name three natural gaits of the horse.

Walk, Trot (jog), Canter (lope)

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 17)

10

What is a slow, natural, flat-footed, 4-beat gait where each foot strikes the ground independently from the other three feet?

Walk

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 17)

11

Describe the sequence of hoof beats in the walk after the horse is in motion.

Right fore, left rear, left fore, right rear

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 17)

12

Toeing out and base narrow usually cause what irregularity in the way of traveling?

Winging

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 151)

13

What term describes excessive lateral shoulder motion characteristic of horses with protruding shoulders?

Rolling

(Source: Illustrated Dictionary of Equine Terms, p. 236)

14

Which gait of the horse is known as the most useful gait and has been termed the "nearly ideal form of locomotion"?

The walk

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 172)

15

Which of the following are artificial gaits: trot, slow gait, canter?

Slow gait

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 178)

16

Name the fast, flashy, four-beat gait, also known as the single foot, which is free from any pacing motion?

Rack

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 40)

17

What is the term when a twisting of the striding leg around the supporting leg in such a manner that the horse looks like it is tightrope walking?

Winding or rope-walking

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 181)

18

Describe paddling.

Throwing the front feet outward during the stride

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 181 / Illustrated Dictionary of Equine Terms, p. 201)

19

Define cross-firing.

Hind foot on one side strikes the diagonal forefoot (forging in the pacing horse)

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 179)

20

A slow to medium-fast, collected canter exhibited in Western classes is called what?

Lope

(Source: Illustrated Dictionary of Equine Terms, p. 172)

21

Define lateral gait & give an example.

Legs & feet move in lateral pairs. Example: Pace

(Source: Illustrated Dictionary of Equine Terms, p. 165)

22

What is a natural gait?

One that's pattern is distinct and is a commonly occurring gait

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 171)

23

Which gait is a distinguishing characteristic of the Tennessee Walking Horse?

Running walk

(Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 172B-1)

24

What is the name for a fast, 4-beat ground-covering walk?

Running walk

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 178)

25

What movement is important for opening gates?

Sidepass

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 23)

26

What is the last foot to hit the ground in the canter when on the right lead?

Right front

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 175)

27

At the canter or lope, what do you call the independently moving leg?

Lead

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 175)

28

What is a diagonal gait?

Front foot and opposite hind foot start & stop at the same time. (legs move in diagonal pairs in performing gait) Example: Trot

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 173)

29

How many beats are there to the running walk of a Tennessee Walking Horse?

4

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 75 / The Horse, Evans, p. 178)

30

What is another name for the slow trot?

Jog

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 175)