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Flashcards in History Deck (21)
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1

How many toes total did eohippus have?

14

(Source: Equine Science, Griffiths, p. 11)

2

List three of the five ancestral forms of the horse?

Eohippus, Mesohippus, Merchippus, Pliohippus, Equus

(Source: Equine Science, Griffiths, p. 11)

3

Who was the Austrian monk to first work out the principles of how genetic material is transmitted from one generation to the next?

Gregor Mendel

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 447)

4

Name the evolutionary stage of the horse that produced the first one-toed horse.

Pliohippus

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 3 / Equine Science, Griffiths, p. 11)

5

Man had made various uses of the horse throughout the ages. The horse was hunted by Paleolithic man for what purpose?

Food

(Source: Equine Science, Griffiths, p. 12 / Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 8)

6

Which national army had the greatest number of horses in use during World War II?

Russia

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 14)

7

What was the horse first used for?

A war machine

(Source: Horse Science (National 4-H Council), p. 4)

8

In what year did quarter horse registration begin?

1940

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 138)

9

What was the primary use of the "Chickasaw" horse by the East Coast Indians?

Pack animals

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 8)

10

Name the 2 famous U.S. statesmen who were instrumental in introducing and breeding mules in this country.

George Washington, Henry Clay

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 77)

11

By what year had the domestication of the horse spread to almost every part of Europe, Asia, and North Africa?

1000 B.C.

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 6)

12

What proof do we have of what ancient horses were like?

Fossils

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 4)

13

What was the first war machine?

The horse

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 6 / Horse Science (National 4-H Council), p. 4)

14

When were horses introduced to the Olympic games?

1450 B.C.

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 10)

15

What are the five major stages of the horse as it evolved?

Eohippus, Mesohippus, Merychippus, Pliohippus, Equus

(Source: Equine Science, Griffiths, p. 9-10)

16

How many years ago was the Eohippus horse?

58 million years ago

(Source: Equine Science, Griffiths, p. 9)

17

How many years ago was the Mesohippus horse?

38 million years ago

(Source: Equine Science, Griffiths, p. 9)

18

How many years ago was the Merychippus horse?

28 million years ago

(Source: Equine Science, Griffiths, p. 9)

19

How many years ago was the Pliohippus horse?

12 million years ago

(Source: Equine Science, Griffiths, p. 9)

20

How many years ago was the Equus horse?

1 million years ago

(Source: Equine Science, Griffiths, p. 9)

21

The horse had it's beginning how many years ago?

58 million years ago

(Source: Horse Science (National 4-H Council), p. 4)