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Flashcards in Behavior & Nature Deck (39)
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1

What is a horse's first reaction to any strange or frightening object or situation?

Panic and run-away

(Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 320-1)

2

True or False: A horse that humps his back and doesn't settle down until the saddle has been on a few minutes is called cold-backed.

True

(Source: Illustrated Dictionary of Equine Terms, p. 61)

3

A horse that bites or sets teeth against something and "sucks wind" is known as a.......?

Cribber

(Source: Illustrated Dictionary of Equine Terms, p. 72)

4

What are the 4 voice sounds of the horse?

Whinny, Nicker, Snort, Squeal

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 387)

5

What category of behavior is demonstrated when horses huddle together in bad weather?

Contactual behavior

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 673)

6

Name a common term for dominance hierarchies.

Pecking order

(Source: Illustrated Dictionary of Equine Terms, p. 207)

7

How is dominance established in horses?

Aggression

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 677)

8

What term identifies a horse that refuses to leave a group of other horses?

Herd-bound or herd-sour

(Source: Horse Science (National 4-H Council), p. 4)

9

A horse that pulls at the bit is called what?

Lugger

(Source: Illustrated Dictionary of Equine Terms, p. 172)

10

What is the term that refers to a horse's falling or lying down close to a wall or fence so that it cannot get up without assistance?

Cast

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 515)

11

What term describes the depraved appetite or the eating of unnatural materials?

Pica

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 392)

12

What term describes an excitable horse?

Snorter

(Source: Illustrated Dictionary of Equine Terms, p. 250)

13

What term describes a bucking horse that twists its body in the air?

Sunfisher

(Source: Illustrated Dictionary of Equine Terms, p. 259)

14

What is a habit of force swallowing gulps of air?

Cribbing

(Source: Illustrated Dictionary of Equine Terms, p. 72 / Horse Science (National 4-H Council), p. 4)

15

If a horse is fed only cubes or wafers for roughage, which stable vice is more prone to develop?

Wood chewing

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 392)

16

What term describes the habit horses have of eating too fast?

Bolting

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 183)

17

Rearing, shying, stall walking and tail rubbing are examples of what?

Vices

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 182-184)

18

What do you call the horse's ability to correctly respond the first time it encounters a certain situation or experience?

Insight learning

(Source: Illustrated Dictionary of Equine Terms, p. 152)

19

The horse can see anything behind him that is not narrower than his what?

Body

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 124 / Horse Science (National 4-H Council), p. 5)

20

A horse cannot see directly in what direction?

Downward OR directly in front & directly behind

(Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 1220-1 / Horse Science (National 4-H Council), p. 5 / The Horse, Evans, p. 124)

21

How do you read your horse's intentions as you approach it?

By watching its' head & ears

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 137)

22

What prompts the horse's immediate instinct to kick or run?

Fear

(Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 320-1)

23

What does it signify if a horse has its' ears pinned back?

Anger (or fake anger)

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 137)

24

What does it mean if a horse has its' ears pricked forward?

Interest or suspicion

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship, Ensimnger, p. 388)

25

At what distance must an object be from the front of the horse for it to see the object?

Four feet

(Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 1220-1)

26

What is the ability to see separate objects with each eye at the same time?

Monocular vision

(Source: Horse Science (National 4-H Council), p. 5)

27

Which sense of the horse better - sight or hearing?

Hearing

(Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 1220-2)

28

What must the horse do to see faraway objects?

Lower its' head

(Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 1220-1)

29

What must the horse do to see close objects?

Raise its' head

(Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 1220-1)

30

To judge distance, the horse uses which type of vision?

Binocular

(Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 1220-1)