Flashcards in Horses and Horsemanship Chapter 1 Deck (32):
What does Eohippus name mean?
What does Mesohippus mean?
How many toes did Eohippus have on each foot?
Four on the front feet and three on the back
What habitat did Eohippus live in?
What does Merychippus mean?
What does Pliohippus mean?
What was the first toed horse?
Which toes became the splint bones on today's horse?
Second and Fourth
Which toe became the modern horse's hoof?
Who invented the bridle and saddle?
Who invented the chariot?
Who invented the curb bit?
True or False: Tarpan hooves should never be trimmed.
Is the tarpan extinct in the wild?
When domesticated horses are crossed with Przewalski horses are the offspring fertile or infertile?
Describe the Przewalski horse.
Yellowish color, dorsal stripe, upright mane, no forelock, and stripe on withers.
What does the scientific name Equus Caballus mean?
What does the scientific name Equus Aninus mean?
Donkey or Ass
List the zoological scheme of the horse.
Kingdom- Animelia; Phylum-Chordata; Class-Mammalia; Order-Perissodactyla; Family-Equidae; Genus-Equus; Species-Equus Caballus
Where did the term "horse" orginate?
Anglo-Saxon meaning swiftness
Where did the term "horseman" orginate?
Hebrew for "to prick or spur"
What have been the 5 uses for horses throughout history?
1) Food 2) War 3) Sports of the Nations 4) Agriculture 5) Recreation and sport
How much milk will a mature mare give in a day?
600lbs mare-36lbs of milk; 800-42; 1000-44; 1200-49
What was the name of George Washingtons horse that he rode during the surrender at Yorktown?
Who brought horses to the New World?
Spanish conquistidor Hernando Cortez
How many horses did Cortez bring?
Which Founding Father was known for his extensive mule breeding program?
Who was known as Wild Horse Annie?
Where did the route of the Pony Express begin and end?
St. Joesph Missouri to Placerville California
What was the fastest trip of the Pony Express ever ran?
7 days and 17 hours carrying Lincoln's inaugural address
How much were Pony Express riders paid?
$25 a week