Horses and Horsemanship Chapter 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Horses and Horsemanship Chapter 1 Deck (32):
1

What does Eohippus name mean?

Dawn Horse

2

What does Mesohippus mean?

Middle Horse

3

How many toes did Eohippus have on each foot?

Four on the front feet and three on the back

4

What habitat did Eohippus live in?

Swamps

5

What does Merychippus mean?

Rudiment Horse

6

What does Pliohippus mean?

More Horse

7

What was the first toed horse?

Pliohippus

8

Which toes became the splint bones on today's horse?

Second and Fourth

9

Which toe became the modern horse's hoof?

Third

10

Who invented the bridle and saddle?

Scythians

11

Who invented the chariot?

Egyptians

12

Who invented the curb bit?

Romans

13

True or False: Tarpan hooves should never be trimmed.

True

14

Is the tarpan extinct in the wild?

Yes

15

When domesticated horses are crossed with Przewalski horses are the offspring fertile or infertile?

Fertile

16

Describe the Przewalski horse.

Yellowish color, dorsal stripe, upright mane, no forelock, and stripe on withers.

17

What does the scientific name Equus Caballus mean?

Modern Horse

18

What does the scientific name Equus Aninus mean?

Donkey or Ass

19

List the zoological scheme of the horse.

Kingdom- Animelia; Phylum-Chordata; Class-Mammalia; Order-Perissodactyla; Family-Equidae; Genus-Equus; Species-Equus Caballus

20

Where did the term "horse" orginate?

Anglo-Saxon meaning swiftness

21

Where did the term "horseman" orginate?

Hebrew for "to prick or spur"

22

What have been the 5 uses for horses throughout history?

1) Food 2) War 3) Sports of the Nations 4) Agriculture 5) Recreation and sport

23

How much milk will a mature mare give in a day?

600lbs mare-36lbs of milk; 800-42; 1000-44; 1200-49

24

What was the name of George Washingtons horse that he rode during the surrender at Yorktown?

Nelson

25

Who brought horses to the New World?

Spanish conquistidor Hernando Cortez

26

How many horses did Cortez bring?

16

27

Which Founding Father was known for his extensive mule breeding program?

George Washington

28

Who was known as Wild Horse Annie?

Velma Johnson

29

Where did the route of the Pony Express begin and end?

St. Joesph Missouri to Placerville California

30

What was the fastest trip of the Pony Express ever ran?

7 days and 17 hours carrying Lincoln's inaugural address

31

How much were Pony Express riders paid?

$25 a week

32

Which army in WWII had the largest cavalry?

The Russians with over 800,000 horses in the service