Ch. 12 Diagnostic Tests & Procedures Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Ch. 12 Diagnostic Tests & Procedures > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 12 Diagnostic Tests & Procedures Deck (23):
1

biopsy (Bx)

removal and microscopic study of tissue for pathological examination

2

incisional biopsy

removal of a portion of a lesion

3

excisional biopsy

removal of an entire lesion

4

needle biopsy

percutaneous removal of tissue or fluid using a special, hollow needle (e.g., for liver biopsy)

5

endoscopy

examination within a body cavity with a flexible endoscope for diagnosis or treatment; used in the gastrointestinal tract to detect abnormalities and to perform procedures such as biopsy, excision of lesions, and therapeutic interventions

6

colonoscopy

examination of the colon using a flexible colonscope

7

proctoscopy

examination of the rectum and anus with a proctoscope

8

sigmoidoscopy

examination of the sigmoid colon with a rigid or flexible sigmoidoscope

9

esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD)

examination of the esophagus, stomach and duodenum with a flexible endoscope

10

capsule endoscopy

examination of the small intestine made by a tiny video camera placed inside a capsule and then swallowed

11

endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)

endoscopic procedure including x-ray fluoroscopy to examine the ducts of the liver, gallbladder, biliary ducts, and pancreas

12

laparoscopy

examination of the abdominal cavity with a laparoscope for diagnostic purposes and/or to perform surgery

13

upper gastrointestinal (GI) series

x-ray of the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum after the patient has swallowed a contrast medium

14

barium swallow

x-ray of the esophagus only

15

fluoroscopy

x-ray imaging with a fluorescent screen to visualize structures in motion (e.g., during a barium swallow)

16

small bowel series

x-ray examination of the small intestine; generally done in conjunction with an upper GI series

17

lower gastrointestinal (GI) series; barium enema

x-ray imaging of the colon after administration of an enema containing a contrast medium

18

cholangiogram

x-ray image of the bile ducts; often performed during surgery

19

cholecystogram

x-ray image of the gallbladder obtained after oral ingestion of iodine

20

abdominal sonogram

ultrasound image of the abdomen to detect disease or deformity in organs and vascular structures

21

endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS)

images produced using a sonographic transducer within an endoscope to evaluate abnormalities of the upper and lower gastrointestinal tracts and adjacent structures; also used to guide needle biopsy of tissue and in determining the stage of a malignancy

22

stool culture & sensitivity (C&S)

isolation of a stool specimen in a culture medium to identify disease-causing organisms; if organisms are present, the drugs to which they are sensitive are listed

23

stool occult blood study

chemical test of a stool specimen to detect the presence of blood; positive findings indicate bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract

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