Ch. 13 Diagnostic Tests & Procedures Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 13 Diagnostic Tests & Procedures Deck (25):
1

cystoscopy

examination of the bladder using a rigid or flexible cytoscope

2

kidney/renal biopsy (Bx)

removal of kidney tissue for pathologic examination

3

intravenous pyelogram/urogram (IVP/IVU)

x-ray image of the urinary tract obtained after an iodine contrast medium has been injected int he bloodstream

4

kidneys, ureters, bladder (KUB)

abdominal x-ray image of the kidneys, ureters and bladder

5

scout film

plain-film x-ray image obtained to detect any obvious pathology before further imaging

6

renal angiogram; renal arteriogram

x-ray image of the renal artery obtained after injecting contrast material into a catheter in the artery

7

retrograde pyleogram (RP); retrograde urogram

x-ray image of the bladder, ureters and renal pelvis obtained after contrast medium has been injected up to the kidney by way of a small catheter passed through a cytoscope

8

voiding cystourethrogram (VCU, VCUG)

x-ray image of the bladder and urethra obtained during urination

9

abdominal sonogram

abdominal ultrasound image of the urinary tract, including the kidneys and bladder

10

urinalysis (UA)

physical, chemical and microscopic examination of urine

11

specific gravity (SpGr)

measure of the concentration or dilution of urine

12

pH

measure of the acidity or alkalinity of urine

13

glucose

chemical test used to detect sugar in the urine

14

albumin (alb); protein

chemical test used to detect the presence of albumin in the urine

15

ketones

chemical test used to detect the presence of ketone bodies in the urine; positive test = fats used by the metabolism instead of carbohydrates

16

urine occult blood

chemical test for the detection of hidden blood in the urine resulting from red blood cell hemolysis; indicates bleeding from the kidneys

17

bilirubin

chemical test used to detect the presence of bilirubin in the urine; seen in gallbladder and liver disease

18

urobilinogen

chemical test used to detect the presence of bile pigment in the urine; increased amounts seen in gallbladder and liver disease

19

nitrite

chemical test used to detect the presence of bacteria in the urine

20

microscopic findings

microscopic identification of abnormal constituents in the urine (e.g., RBCs, WBCs, and casts); reported per high or low power field

21

urine culture & sensitivity

isolation of a urine specimen in a culture medium to propagate the growth of microorganisms; ones that grow are tested for drug sensitivities

22

blood urea nitrogen (BUN)

blood test to determine the level of urea in the blood; high BUN indicates one or both kidneys are unable to excrete urea

23

creatinine, serum

test to determine the level of creatinine in the blood

24

creatinine, urine

test to determine the level of creatinine in the urine

25

creatinine clearance testing

measurement of the level of creatinine in the blood and in a 24-hour urine specimen to determine the rate at which creatinine is cleared from the blood and kidneys

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