Ch. 4 Anatomic Position and Terms of Reference Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Ch. 4 Anatomic Position and Terms of Reference > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 4 Anatomic Position and Terms of Reference Deck (34):
0

anatomic or anatomical position

a term of reference that health professionals use when noting body planes, positions, or directions: the person is assumed to be standing upright, face forward, feet forward with arms at the side and palms faced forward.

1

body planes

reference planes for indicating the location or direction of body planes

2

coronal (frontal) plane

vertical division of the body into front (anterior) and back (posterior) portions

3

sagittal plane

vertical division of the body into right and left portions

4

transverse plane

horizontal division of the body into upper and lower portions

5

anterior, ventral

front of the body

6

posterior, dorsal

back of the body

7

anterior-posterior (AP)

from front to back

8

posterior-anterior (PA)

from back to front

9

superior, cephalic

situated above another structure, toward the head

10

inferior, caudal

situated below another structure, away from the head

11

proximal

toward the beginning or origin of a structure; close to center of the body

12

distal

away from the beginning or origin of a structure; away from the center of the body

13

medial

toward the middle or midline of the body

14

lateral

toward the side

15

axis

the imaginary line that runs through the center of the body or a body part

16

erect

normal standing position

17

decubitus

lying down, especially in bed; lateral decubitus is lying on the side (decumbo = to lie down)

18

prone

lying face down and flat

19

recumbent

lying down

20

supine

horizontal recumbent; lying flat on the back ("on the spine")

21

flexion

bending at the joint so that the angle between the bones is decreased

22

extension

straightening at the joint so that the angle between the bones is increased

23

abduction

movement away from the body

24

adduction

movement towards the body

25

rotation

circular movement around an axis

26

eversion

turning outward, i.e., of a foot

27

inverison

turning inward, i.e., of a foot

28

supination

turning of the palmar surface (palm of the hand) or plantar surface (sole of the foot) upward or forward

29

pronation

turning of the palmar surface (palm of the hand) or plantar surface (sole of the foot) downward or backward

30

dorsiflexion

bending of the foot or toes upward

31

plantar flexion

bending of the sole of the foot by curling the toes toward the ground

32

range of motion (ROM)

total motion possible in a joint, described by the terms related to body movements (i.e., ability to flex, extend, abduct, or adduct); measured in degrees

33

goniometer

instrument used to measure joint angles (gonio = angle)

Decks in Medical Terminology Class (120):