Ch. 4 Anatomic Terms Related to Joints and Muscles Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Ch. 4 Anatomic Terms Related to Joints and Muscles > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 4 Anatomic Terms Related to Joints and Muscles Deck (15):
0

articulation

a joint; the point where two bones come together

1

bursa

a fibrous sac between certain tendons and bones that is lined with a synovial membrane that secretes synovial fluid

2

disk or disc

a flat, plate-like structure composed on fibrocartilaginous tissue between the vertebrae that reduces friction

3

nucleus pulposus

the soft, fibrocartilaginous, central portion of intervertebral disk

4

ligament

a flexible band of fibrous tissue that connects bone to bone

5

synovial membrane

membrane lining of the capsule of a joint

6

synovial fluid

joint-lubricating fluid secreted by the synovial membrane

7

muscle

tissue composed of fibers that can contract, causing movement of an organ or part of the body

8

striated or skeletal muscle

voluntary muscle attached to the skeleton

9

smooth muscle

involuntary muscle found in internal organs

10

cardiac muscle

muscle of the heart

11

origin of a muscle

muscle end attached to the bone that does not move when the muscle is contracted

12

insertion of a muscle

muscle end attached to the bone that moves when the muscle is contracted

13

tendon

a band of fibrous tissue that connects muscle to bone

14

fascia

a band or sheet of fibrous connective tissue that covers, supports, and separates muscle

Decks in Medical Terminology Class (120):