Chapter 29 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 29 Deck (40):
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1. John F. Kennedy

president from 1961-1963 was assassinated in Texas by Lee Harvey Oswald

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2. New Frontier

John F. Kennedy's social reform plan that he used in his acceptance speech

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3. Lyndon Johnson

vice president from 1961-1963 and president from 1963-1968 took over after JFK

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4. Great Society

Lyndon B. Johnson's social reform program that was suspended due to LBJ trying to win favor with americans

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5. Medicare and Medicaid

government assisting programs that provide health insurance for the poor and the elderly

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6. Community Action Program

A plan by LBJ to help empower low income people by allowing them to have a say in the programs assisting them

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7. Department of Housing and Urban Development

federal executive branch responsible for home finance and promoting Civil Rights in housing

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8. Immigration Act of 1965

abolished an earlier ranking system based on nation origin established new immigration policy based on reuniting immigrant families and attracting skilled labor

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9. Student Nonviolent Coordinating Commitee

a group of students using sit down strikes to show their disagreement for unequal rights

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10. Congress of Racial Equality

nonviolent Nonviolent civil rights organization founded in 1942 and committed to victory over fascism abroad and racism at home

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11. Freedom Riders

Civil Rights Activists who tried to defy Jim Crow Laws and called for change

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12. March on Washington 1963

thousands of people marched to Washington D.C. to show their support for equal rights and to hear MLK jr I have a dream speech

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13. Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party

1964, as an alternative to the dominantly white democratic party of Mississippi

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14. Civil Rights Act 1964

A federal law that authorized federal action against segregation in public accommodations, public facilities, and employment.

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15. Voting Rights Act 1965

prohibited prerequisites for people to vote

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16. Watts Riot

group of violent disturbances in Watts, a largely black section of Los Angeles, in 1965. Over thirty people died in the Watts riots

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17. Black Power Movement

grew out of Civil Rights Movement, marked a turning point of black white relations

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18. Nation of Islam

a religious movement started in Detroit that followed Islam and had a great number of Black people

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19. Malcolm X

Minister of the Nation of Islam, urged blacks to claim their rights by any means necessary

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20. Alliance for Progress

1961 John F. Kennedy aimed to establish economic cooperation between the U.S. and Latin America.

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21. Peace Corps

U.S. government agency that sends volunteers to help improve living standards in developing countries

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22. Bay of Pigs

an unsuccessful invasion of Cuba by Cuban exiles, supported by the U.S. government.

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23. Berlin Wall

In 1961, the Soviet Union built a high barrier to seal off their sector of Berlin in order to stop the flow of refugees out of the Soviet zone of Germany.

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24. Cuban Missile Crisis

U.S.S.R. placing missiles in Cuba after the United States had placed and pointed missiles in Turkey

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25. Vietminh

Vietnamese resistance group against outside influence

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26. Ho Chi Minh

a Vietnamese Communist revolutionary leader who was prime minister and president of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam

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27. Geneva Conference

purpose was to attempt to settle outstanding issues on the Korean Penninsula

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28. Nikita Khrushchev

First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union following the death of Joseph Stalin 1958 to 1964 responsible for the De-Stalinization of the USSR

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29. Ngo Dinh Diem

the first president of South Vietnam in the french retreat and wanted to create the republic of Vietnam

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30. National Liberation Front

a political organization formed by the Vietcong in South Vietnam in 1960 to carry out an insurgent policy

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31. Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

two separate confrontation involving Vietnam and the United States on the Gulf of Tonkin

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32. Ho Chi Minh Trail

logistical system that ran from the Democratic Republic of Vietnam to the Republic of Vietnam through the neighboring kingdoms of Laos and Cambodia

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33. "Hearts and Minds"

a documentary about the Vietnam Conflict that was strongly impactful

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34. Robert Kennedy

politician from Massachusetts. served as Senator for New York from 1965 until his assassination in 1968

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35. Tet Offensive

a series of surprise attacks by the Vietcong on city squares and towns throughout South Vietnam

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36. Democratic National Convention of 1968

Purpose was to elect a suitable nominee to run as the in the 1968 election. Riots broke out from Anti-Vietnam war protestors during the time of the convention. These riots turned into bloody battles after the Chicago police tried to stop the protesters

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37. RFK and MLK assassinations

brother of JFK shot during the Campaign season for election shot after MLK was in Texas

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38. Hubert Humphrey

38 vice president of U.S. under LBJ ran for president in 1968

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39. George Wallace

pro-segregation governor of Alabama who ran for pres. in 1968 on American Independent Party ticket of segregation and law and order

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40. Election of 1968

election between Hubert Humphrey and Richard M. Nixon with Nixon winning