Chapter 24 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 24 Deck (36):
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1. New Deal

Franklin D. Roosevelt's attempted to try and get the United States out of the Great Depression included social security and interface projects

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2. Bank Holiday

a four day period enacted by FDR that closed banks in order to try and help get people to deposit in good bank included creating the FDIC

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3. Fireside Chats

FDR would get on the radio to give informal chats to tell the nation about his new plans about how to get the Us out of the depression

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4. Repeal of Prohibition

created to try and bring money into the US by placing taxes on previously illegal alcohol

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5. Agricultural Adjustment Act

controlled the supplies and demands of farmers to supply a decent purchasing power in corn wheat cotton rice peanut milk

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6. Rural Electrification

the process of bringing electrical power to rural areas

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7. National Recovery Agency

part of FDR's NEw deal and involved granting loans to homeowners

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8. Public Works Adminstration

3.3 million dollar budget to strengthen nation's infrastructure of roads, bridges, sewage systems, hospitals, airports, schools

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9. Tennessee Valley Authority

a group that created dams all over the Tennessee valley

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10. Glass Steagall Act

Part of Hoover's recovery program; intended to help American banks meet the demands of European depositors who wanted to convert dollars to gold

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11. Securities and Exchange Commision

responsible for overseeing the regulation of securities industry

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12. Federal Emergency Relief Administration

This organization's purpose was initially to distribute 500 million dollars in federal funds to state agencies. These funds were grants and not loans

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13. Civil Works Administration

established by the New Deal during the Great Depression to rapidly create manual labor jobs for millions of unemployed workers.

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14. Civilian Conservation CORPs

1933 employed about 3 million men (between 18-25) to work on projects that benefited the public, planting trees to reforest areas, building levees for flood control, and improving national parks,

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15. Second New Deal

characterizes the second stage of the New Deal

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16. American Liberty League

primarily by conservative Democrats to oppose the New Deal of Franklin D. Roosevelt

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17. Townsends Plan

a pension plan. in 1934 but never passed by Congress, that would have awarded $200 monthly to persons over 60 who were no longer gainfully employed, provided that such allowance was spent in the U.S. within 30 days.

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18. Father Charles Coughlin

a catholic priest that used radio to criticize the New Deal

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19. Huey Long

the governor of Louisiana

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20. Share our Wealth Plan

a program designed to provide a decent standard of living to all Americans by spreading the nation’s wealth among the people

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21. Holding Company Act of 1935

created a system of unemployment insurance

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22. National Labor Relations Board

responsible for protecting workers rights

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23. American Federation of Labor

Samuel Gompers, a union for skilled laborers that fought for worker rights in a non-violent way. It provided skilled laborers with a union that was unified, large, and strong.

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24. Congress of Industrial Organizations

federation of industrial unions that organized workers

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25. United Auto Workers

is an American labor union that represents workers in the United States (including Puerto Rico) and Canada.

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26. Sit down strike

the refusal of workers to work or leave the building of their employment

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27. Social Security

a pension for people over 65 as well as for those who are diabled

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28. Works Progress Administration

a relief program that created work on roads and public buildings employed millions

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29. 1936 Election

FDR won the election by a landslide against Alf Landon

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30. Comic Books

helped create alternate stories for people to escape into

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31. Court Packing

a reorganization of the Judiciary branch

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32. Fair Labor Standards Act

established minimum wage and an hourly per week requuirement

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33. Broker State

allowed different interest groups to compete in the market

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34. Eleanor Roosevelt

FDR's later ambassador to the UN would talk to citizens

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35. Black Cabinet

black people that were given jobs in FDR's cabinet

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36. Indian Reorganization Act

stopped erosion of tribal land and helped indians receive healthcare