Chapter 24 Flashcards Preview

AP US History > Chapter 24 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 24 Deck (36):

1. New Deal

Franklin D. Roosevelt's attempted to try and get the United States out of the Great Depression included social security and interface projects


2. Bank Holiday

a four day period enacted by FDR that closed banks in order to try and help get people to deposit in good bank included creating the FDIC


3. Fireside Chats

FDR would get on the radio to give informal chats to tell the nation about his new plans about how to get the Us out of the depression


4. Repeal of Prohibition

created to try and bring money into the US by placing taxes on previously illegal alcohol


5. Agricultural Adjustment Act

controlled the supplies and demands of farmers to supply a decent purchasing power in corn wheat cotton rice peanut milk


6. Rural Electrification

the process of bringing electrical power to rural areas


7. National Recovery Agency

part of FDR's NEw deal and involved granting loans to homeowners


8. Public Works Adminstration

3.3 million dollar budget to strengthen nation's infrastructure of roads, bridges, sewage systems, hospitals, airports, schools


9. Tennessee Valley Authority

a group that created dams all over the Tennessee valley


10. Glass Steagall Act

Part of Hoover's recovery program; intended to help American banks meet the demands of European depositors who wanted to convert dollars to gold


11. Securities and Exchange Commision

responsible for overseeing the regulation of securities industry


12. Federal Emergency Relief Administration

This organization's purpose was initially to distribute 500 million dollars in federal funds to state agencies. These funds were grants and not loans


13. Civil Works Administration

established by the New Deal during the Great Depression to rapidly create manual labor jobs for millions of unemployed workers.


14. Civilian Conservation CORPs

1933 employed about 3 million men (between 18-25) to work on projects that benefited the public, planting trees to reforest areas, building levees for flood control, and improving national parks,


15. Second New Deal

characterizes the second stage of the New Deal


16. American Liberty League

primarily by conservative Democrats to oppose the New Deal of Franklin D. Roosevelt


17. Townsends Plan

a pension plan. in 1934 but never passed by Congress, that would have awarded $200 monthly to persons over 60 who were no longer gainfully employed, provided that such allowance was spent in the U.S. within 30 days.


18. Father Charles Coughlin

a catholic priest that used radio to criticize the New Deal


19. Huey Long

the governor of Louisiana


20. Share our Wealth Plan

a program designed to provide a decent standard of living to all Americans by spreading the nation’s wealth among the people


21. Holding Company Act of 1935

created a system of unemployment insurance


22. National Labor Relations Board

responsible for protecting workers rights


23. American Federation of Labor

Samuel Gompers, a union for skilled laborers that fought for worker rights in a non-violent way. It provided skilled laborers with a union that was unified, large, and strong.


24. Congress of Industrial Organizations

federation of industrial unions that organized workers


25. United Auto Workers

is an American labor union that represents workers in the United States (including Puerto Rico) and Canada.


26. Sit down strike

the refusal of workers to work or leave the building of their employment


27. Social Security

a pension for people over 65 as well as for those who are diabled


28. Works Progress Administration

a relief program that created work on roads and public buildings employed millions


29. 1936 Election

FDR won the election by a landslide against Alf Landon


30. Comic Books

helped create alternate stories for people to escape into


31. Court Packing

a reorganization of the Judiciary branch


32. Fair Labor Standards Act

established minimum wage and an hourly per week requuirement


33. Broker State

allowed different interest groups to compete in the market


34. Eleanor Roosevelt

FDR's later ambassador to the UN would talk to citizens


35. Black Cabinet

black people that were given jobs in FDR's cabinet


36. Indian Reorganization Act

stopped erosion of tribal land and helped indians receive healthcare