Chapter 28 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 28 Deck (35):
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1. Baby Boom

a temporary marked increase in the birth rate,following World War II. 1946-1964

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2.Keynesian Economics

a theory of total spending in the economy would bring the country out of the depression

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3. AFL-CIO

the merging of the American Federation of Labor and the Congress of Industrial Organization

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4. Teamsters Union

represents truck drivers and is the largest private sector labor union in the U.S.

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5. Antibacterial Drugs/Penicillian

created by Alexander Flemming who discovered pencillian by accident

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6. Jonas Salk

creator of the Polio Vaccine which was a disease that had killed thousands and crippled thousands

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7.UNIVAC

Universal Automatic Computer created in 1946 and completed in 1948

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8. Hydrogen Bomb

weapon deriving a large portion of its energy from the nuclear fusion of hydrogen isotopes

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9. ICBM

Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles have greater range and speed than other missles

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10. Sputnik

a Russian satellite that was the first object in space launched on October 4, 1957

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11. NASA

National Aeronautics and Space Administration, responsible for Space and Air devices

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12. Disneyland

the first amusement park to connect movie and television characters with rides

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13. Federal Highway Act of 1956

the process of putting in stronger and more sustainable highways for the purpose of people receiving jobs

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14.Levittown

a town in New York that was the first to vary the outsides of the home but have basically the same layouts

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15. Feminism

advocacy of women's social, economic, and political rights as being equal as men's

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16. Environmentalism

ideology regarding concerns for environmental protection

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17. The Organization Man

by William H. Whyte, the open mind of demands that people work and belong to organizations

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18. J. D. Salinger The Catcher in the Rye

1951, controversial because of the ideas of teenage angst and alienation shared

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19. Beat Generation

Allen Ginsberg, Gary Snyder, Lawrence Ferlinghetti and Gregory Corso questioning mainstream politics and culture

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20. James Dean, Rebel without a cause

a movie that was inspirational to the rebels of the 1950's

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21. Rock 'n' roll

A type of music characterized by a heavy beat and being a mixture of jazz and blues

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22. The Other America

Michael Harrington that was an influential study of poverty in the U.S. published in 1962

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23. Brown v. Board of Education

Supreme Court case in which the state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students to be unconstitutional

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24. Little Rock NIne

the nine black students in the Central High School who were walked to school by the National Guard

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25. Montgomery Bus Boycott

a political and social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system

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26. Martin Luther King Jr.

a preachers son who advocated for equal rights did so peacefully

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27. Jackie Robinson

the first Black Major League Baseball player played for the Dodgers

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28. Army-McCarthy Hearings

investigations between April 1954 and June 1954 to accuse members of the army of being communists

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29. John Foster Dulles

U.S. Secretary of State under Republican President Dwight D. Eisenhower from 1953 to 1959 advocated an aggressive stance against communism throughout the world

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30. Massive Retaliation/Brinkmanship

the possible deterrence of an all out nuclear attack from the Soviet Union

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31. Dien Bien Phu

the fortress in Vietnam French forces were trapped and surrendered in 1954

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32. Muhammad Mossadegh

a premier of Iran,wished to nationalize the oil in Iran, replaced with help from the CIA

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33. Suez Canal Incident 1956

an Israeli and Egytian conflict between the control of the Suez canal which carried oil to the U.S.

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34. Fidel Castro

a communistic leader in Cuba who overthrow Edwin Bastista

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35. Military Industrial Complex

comprises the policy and monetary relations which existed between legislators and the arms indusrty