Chapter 18 Flashcards Preview

AP US History > Chapter 18 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 18 Deck (50):
0

1. Urbanization

The migration of a person from rural areas to the city

1

2. Push factors

What makes a person want to leave a place

2

3. Pull factors

What makes someone want to come to a place

3

4. Immigrants ghettos

Placed where immigrants would live after they had come to America

4

5. Assimilation

The process of integrating through giving up ones old culture for a new one

5

6. Nativism

The ideas that the only people who should be allowed in the country are white people from the mayflower

6

7. Immigration restrictions league

Used tests to try and help stop and limit the flow of immigrants

7

8. Central Park

Created to help make cities look nicer and allowed and escape

8

9. City beautiful movement

The attempt to make cities nicer to live in

9

10. Back bay

Landfill neighborhood in Boston

10

11. Suburbs

Communities located on the out skirts of cities

11

12. Tenements

Places where immigrants would live that often didn't have windows

12

13. Jacob Riis

Took pictures of people in tenements to help show how bad their living conditions were

13

14. Mass transit

Help make commuting easier and cheaper

14

15. Skyscraper

Buildings made possible due to the mass production of steel

15

16. Pollution

Made due to coal burning in factories

16

17. Public health service

charged with preventing occupational diseases
attempted to create common health standards for all factories
limited impact
established protection of public health as federal responsibility

17

18. Boss rule

Immigrant politicians started to be able to have power over basic jobs

18

19. Tammany Hall

political machine
George Washington Plunkitt
William M. Tweed

19

20. Boss Tweed

an American politician most notable for being the "boss" of Tammany Hall, the Democratic Party political machine that played a major role in the politics of 19th century New York City and State

20

21. Mass merchandising

The high demand of products created a high need for production of goods

21

22. A & P

is a supermarket and liquor store chain in the United States

22

23. Woolworth

A chain of dried food chain stores

23

24. Chain stores

Stores by the same name and owned by the same company that poped up everywhere

24

25. Mail order catalog

Allowed buyers to choose from a wide array of goods and get them in a few month s

25

26. Montgomery Ward

historically distinct American retail enterprises. It can refer either to the defunct mail order and department store retailer, which operated between 1872 and 2000

26

27. Sears Roubuck

Created by Sears that sold a variation of goods and put out mail order catalogues

27

28. Department Stores

Were designed to show that shopping could be a whole day affair

28

29. National Consumer Leagues

1891, is an American consumer organization. The National Consumers League is a private, nonprofit advocacy group representing consumers on marketplace and workplace issues

29

30. Coney Island

An amusement park that helped people escape

30

31. Major leagues baseball

Considered the nations sport and gained popularity after the civil war

31

32. NCAA

National Collegiate athletics Association

32

33. Basketball

Another sport that invoked a ball and was played in colleges

33

34. George M Cohen

American entertainer, playwright, composer, lyricist, actor, singer, dancer and produce

34

35. Irving Berlin

An American composer and lyricist

35

36. Vaudville

A show that combined various types of acts

36

37. Birth of a Nation

One of the first silent films

37

38. Nickelodeon

A jukebox that required a coin to play music

38

39. Dime Novels

We're used as a source of entertainment inside homes

39

40. Scott Joplin

Wrote and played ragtime music

40

41. William Randolph Hearst

The owner of a newspaper company

41

42. Joseph Pulitzer

Owner of the New York Sun a Newspaper company

42

43. Ladies home journal

An American magazine published for women

43

44. Mark Twain

Wrote books about young boys who lived in the south

44

45. Uptown Sinclair

A black author/writer who wrote about the jungle oil

45

46. Ashcan school of Art

An art school that encouraged realism

46

47. Stephen Crane

Wrote the red badge of courage which is a famous American novel

47

48. Charles Darwin

Had the idea that the fittest organism would live on

48

49. Land Grant Universtiy

education in the United States designated by a state to receive the benefits of the Morrill Acts of 1862 and 1890.

49

50. Women's colleges

Helped to educated women some were separated colleges while others we separate buildings