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Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (24):
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1. Jamestown

The first English colony established in 1607 under went a starving period from 1609-1610 thrived off of tobacco

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2. Virginia Company

A joint stock company created by James I to establish colonies in North America

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3. John Smith

Captain who helped bring order and work to Jamestown and organized raids on the Indians

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4. Plymouth plantation

Settled by the the Pilgrims who left England in search of religious freedom (Puritans)

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5. Headright System

Land grants were given to people based on family size, if the paid for another's passage and their status.

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6. Indentured Servants

People who agreed to work for a person for a set amount of time in exchange for land food and or passage over to the Americas

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7. Royal Colony

A colony that was under direct rule from the monarchy of England

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8. Proprietary Colony

A colony that was ruled over by a family that was given power to rule by the monarchy

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9. Charter Colony

A colony that was given a land grant in the New World and was ruled over by Parliament

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10. Bacon's Rebellion

Nathaniel Bacon was unhappy with the way he was being ruled and went in and took control for a little while

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11. Mayflower Compact

Established a government and made the Pilgrims claim their allegiance to the king

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12. Theocracy

A form of government in which the direct ruler is seen as a deity

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13. John Winthrop

Helped to organized migration to the New World and he commanded and exploration of the New World

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14. Roger Williams

A separatist who argued that Puritans should completely separate from the Church of England as well as from the state

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15. Anne Hutchinson

A female preacher who claimed that she had divine revelation that many male preachers where fake

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16. William Penn

Inherited a favor which was a land grant from Charles II that happened to be Pennsylvania

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17. Massachusetts Bay colony

It was a colony that took up part of Massachusetts and the bay

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18. William Bradford

The governor of Plymouth and a Separatist

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19. Pequot War

Started in 1637 with Pequot Indians and Connecticut settlers in a competition with trading with Dutch

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20. King Phillip's War

Started with an Indian uprising when Indians thought the only way to protect themselves with fire arms

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21. Quakers

Nicknames for Puritans because they were supposed to quake at the name of god

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22. New York Colony

James the duke of York was giving the land by his brother Charles II and took the land from the Dutch

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23. Carolina Colonies

Originally was part of Virginia given by Charles II and had 8 politicians spilt eventually into two north and south

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24. Pennsylvania Colony

Started by William penny and was a melting pot for culture and had peaceful trades with Indians