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Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (53):
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1. Salutary Neglect

the British not enforcing policies that led to the colonists believing that they did not have to follow the policies created.

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2. George I & II

British Kings who were originally German and therefore had Parliament ruling for them most of the time

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3. Privy Council

the first agency of colonial supervision

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4, Colonial Agents

colonists who met in British Parliament and helped to strengthen the British and colonies ties

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5. Albany Plan of Union

Suggested by Benjamin Franklin that the thirteen colonies act as one in their dealings with Britian

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6. French and Indian War

the struggle between France and Great Britain to establish the largest landholdings in North America

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7. French North American Empire

included Quebec, Canada, and the land of the Louisiana Purchase

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8. New Orleans

an important port city that gave the owner of the city the entire Mississippi River

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9. Iroquois Confederacy

an Indian group that was largely influential and refused to side with the British and the French during the Seven Years War

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10. Fort Necessity

an English fort where the first French defeat of the French and Indian war occured

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11. George Washington

a colonist who was a Colonel during the French and Indian war and was born in Virginia

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12. Edward ''Bulldog" Braddock

an English commander during the French and Indian War

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13. Seven Years War

a conflict between the English and French for land holdings in North America known as the French and Indian War and the real first world War

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14. William Pitt (The Elder)

a political leader in Britain during the Seven YEars War and support colonists

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15. Siege of Quebec

a turning point in the French and Indian War that was fought on December 31, 1775

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16. Cajuns

French residents of Nova Scotia who were uprooted by the British in 1755 and scattered as far south as Louisiana

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17. Treaty of Paris (1763)

gave the British control of Canada, Caribbean Islands, India, and Span gave Florida to Britain and gained Louisiana.

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18. George III

the insane king of England who permanently lost the 13 colonies but refused to acknowledge that he had done so

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19. George Grenville

Prime minister of Great Britain and Imposed the Stamp Act

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20. Proclamation of 1763

put into place by George the III that made it so colonists couldn't settle pass the Appalachian mountains

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21. Mutiny Act of 1765

put into place by the British government that allowed soldiers to be house and fed by any house they chose: military courts could only enforce the laws

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22. Sugar Act of 1764

put into place by the Parliament of Great Britain that placed a tax on Sugar

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23. Currency Act of 1764

put into place by the Parliament of Great Britain that did not allow the colonists to print paper money

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24. Stamp Act of 1765

put into place by the Parliament of Great Britain that forced taxes on colonist stamps and parchments

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25. Paxton Boys

Scots-Irish that retaliated against Indians after the French and Indian War

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26. Regulator Movement

an uprising in North and South Carolina in which citizens tried to change the government of their colonies

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27. Patrick Henry

an american politician who helped stir the idea of independence in Virginia, and said "Give me Liberty or Give me Death"

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28. Virginia Resolves

a series of responses to the Stamp act given at the house of Burgess in Virginia

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29. Stamp Act Congress

the colonists attempts to have the stamp acts removed from the colonies

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30. Sons of Liberty

a colonist group who were fully dedicated to the idea of american independence and would go about any means to achieve it

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31. Charles Townshend

the creator of the Townshend act and tried to help the British to get out of their economic struggle

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32. Townshend Acts

put into place by Charles Townshend and taxed lead paint, tea, oil, glass

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33. boycott

the colonists refusal to buy british goods due to the high taxes on the goods.

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34. Lord North

British Prime MInister who put the intolerable acts into place

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35. Captain Thomas Preston

The Captain of the British guards during the Boston Massacre

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36. Crispus Attucks

the first person killed in the Boston Massacre and a black laborer.

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37. Boston Massacre

considered the first major case of casualties during the American Revolutionary war included soldiers accidentally firing their riffles on a crowd of colonists

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38. Paul Revere

a son of liberty who is famous for his midnight ride warning towns of the British Soldiers coming

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39. Samuel Adams

considered the head of the American Revolution, a son of liberty and cousin to John Adams

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40. English Constitution

an unwritten document that helped the British to try and display their rules

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41. "No taxation without representation"

the colonists cry that it was unfair for them to be taxed by the English government when they hadn't elected a member of Parliament

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42. virtual representation

the British idea that the colonists could not complain that they weren't represented in Parliament because every member of Parliament was for every British citizen.

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43. actual representation

the idea that every citizen in the British empire should be allowed to elect a member of parliament from their area to represent them

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44. Tea Act of 1773

the act that lowered the price of tea for the colonists but only allowed them to buy tea from the East India Compnay

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45. Daughters of Liberty

the female counterpart of the Sons of Liberty

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46. Boston Tea Party

Colonists dressed up as Indians and dropped tons of British tea into the Boston harbor to protest the Tea act

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47. Coercive Acts/ Intolerable Acts

the British response to the Boston Tea Party, which closed off Boston Harbor and did not allow the colonists congresses to meet

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48. Quebec Act

gave more rights to the French Canadians such as allowing Catholic Bishops to teach and allow Catholics to run for Public Office

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49. First Continental Congress

a committee that met for seven weeks to discuss the American Idea of independence

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50. Conciliatory Propsitions

an attempt to reach peace with the colonies prior to the revolutionary war

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51. Minutemen

militias of colonies that were seen as a threat to Britain because they were supposed to be ready to fight at a minutes notice

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52. General Thomas Gage

Commander in Chief of the British army that was charged to implement the Intolerable acts

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53. Battle Lexington and Concord

the places where the first shots of the American Revolution were fired, due to a conflict between the British Soldiers and the minutemen