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Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (53):

1. Salutary Neglect

the British not enforcing policies that led to the colonists believing that they did not have to follow the policies created.


2. George I & II

British Kings who were originally German and therefore had Parliament ruling for them most of the time


3. Privy Council

the first agency of colonial supervision


4, Colonial Agents

colonists who met in British Parliament and helped to strengthen the British and colonies ties


5. Albany Plan of Union

Suggested by Benjamin Franklin that the thirteen colonies act as one in their dealings with Britian


6. French and Indian War

the struggle between France and Great Britain to establish the largest landholdings in North America


7. French North American Empire

included Quebec, Canada, and the land of the Louisiana Purchase


8. New Orleans

an important port city that gave the owner of the city the entire Mississippi River


9. Iroquois Confederacy

an Indian group that was largely influential and refused to side with the British and the French during the Seven Years War


10. Fort Necessity

an English fort where the first French defeat of the French and Indian war occured


11. George Washington

a colonist who was a Colonel during the French and Indian war and was born in Virginia


12. Edward ''Bulldog" Braddock

an English commander during the French and Indian War


13. Seven Years War

a conflict between the English and French for land holdings in North America known as the French and Indian War and the real first world War


14. William Pitt (The Elder)

a political leader in Britain during the Seven YEars War and support colonists


15. Siege of Quebec

a turning point in the French and Indian War that was fought on December 31, 1775


16. Cajuns

French residents of Nova Scotia who were uprooted by the British in 1755 and scattered as far south as Louisiana


17. Treaty of Paris (1763)

gave the British control of Canada, Caribbean Islands, India, and Span gave Florida to Britain and gained Louisiana.


18. George III

the insane king of England who permanently lost the 13 colonies but refused to acknowledge that he had done so


19. George Grenville

Prime minister of Great Britain and Imposed the Stamp Act


20. Proclamation of 1763

put into place by George the III that made it so colonists couldn't settle pass the Appalachian mountains


21. Mutiny Act of 1765

put into place by the British government that allowed soldiers to be house and fed by any house they chose: military courts could only enforce the laws


22. Sugar Act of 1764

put into place by the Parliament of Great Britain that placed a tax on Sugar


23. Currency Act of 1764

put into place by the Parliament of Great Britain that did not allow the colonists to print paper money


24. Stamp Act of 1765

put into place by the Parliament of Great Britain that forced taxes on colonist stamps and parchments


25. Paxton Boys

Scots-Irish that retaliated against Indians after the French and Indian War


26. Regulator Movement

an uprising in North and South Carolina in which citizens tried to change the government of their colonies


27. Patrick Henry

an american politician who helped stir the idea of independence in Virginia, and said "Give me Liberty or Give me Death"


28. Virginia Resolves

a series of responses to the Stamp act given at the house of Burgess in Virginia


29. Stamp Act Congress

the colonists attempts to have the stamp acts removed from the colonies


30. Sons of Liberty

a colonist group who were fully dedicated to the idea of american independence and would go about any means to achieve it


31. Charles Townshend

the creator of the Townshend act and tried to help the British to get out of their economic struggle


32. Townshend Acts

put into place by Charles Townshend and taxed lead paint, tea, oil, glass


33. boycott

the colonists refusal to buy british goods due to the high taxes on the goods.


34. Lord North

British Prime MInister who put the intolerable acts into place


35. Captain Thomas Preston

The Captain of the British guards during the Boston Massacre


36. Crispus Attucks

the first person killed in the Boston Massacre and a black laborer.


37. Boston Massacre

considered the first major case of casualties during the American Revolutionary war included soldiers accidentally firing their riffles on a crowd of colonists


38. Paul Revere

a son of liberty who is famous for his midnight ride warning towns of the British Soldiers coming


39. Samuel Adams

considered the head of the American Revolution, a son of liberty and cousin to John Adams


40. English Constitution

an unwritten document that helped the British to try and display their rules


41. "No taxation without representation"

the colonists cry that it was unfair for them to be taxed by the English government when they hadn't elected a member of Parliament


42. virtual representation

the British idea that the colonists could not complain that they weren't represented in Parliament because every member of Parliament was for every British citizen.


43. actual representation

the idea that every citizen in the British empire should be allowed to elect a member of parliament from their area to represent them


44. Tea Act of 1773

the act that lowered the price of tea for the colonists but only allowed them to buy tea from the East India Compnay


45. Daughters of Liberty

the female counterpart of the Sons of Liberty


46. Boston Tea Party

Colonists dressed up as Indians and dropped tons of British tea into the Boston harbor to protest the Tea act


47. Coercive Acts/ Intolerable Acts

the British response to the Boston Tea Party, which closed off Boston Harbor and did not allow the colonists congresses to meet


48. Quebec Act

gave more rights to the French Canadians such as allowing Catholic Bishops to teach and allow Catholics to run for Public Office


49. First Continental Congress

a committee that met for seven weeks to discuss the American Idea of independence


50. Conciliatory Propsitions

an attempt to reach peace with the colonies prior to the revolutionary war


51. Minutemen

militias of colonies that were seen as a threat to Britain because they were supposed to be ready to fight at a minutes notice


52. General Thomas Gage

Commander in Chief of the British army that was charged to implement the Intolerable acts


53. Battle Lexington and Concord

the places where the first shots of the American Revolution were fired, due to a conflict between the British Soldiers and the minutemen