Chapter 14 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 14 Deck (40):
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1.secession

The process of removing oneself from a greater group

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2. Confederate States of America

The 11 states that seceded from the United States of America between 1860 & 1861

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3. Crittenden Compromise

was a proposal to reestablish the Missouri Compromise line and extend it westward to the Pacific coast. Slavery would be prohibited north or the line and permitted south of the line would have required the northerners to abandon their most fundamental position

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4. Fort Sumter

This fort was located on an island in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina. The force their was under the command of this Major. Buchanan refused to yield this fort when South Carolina demanded it

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5. Homestead Act

Congress's idea to settle the west included races to have people mark the territory they wanted to have

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6. Morrill Land Grant Act

law passed by congress july 1862 awarding proceeds from the sale of public lands to states for the establishment of agricultural colleges

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7. National Banks Act

act prohibiting state banks from issuing their own notes and forcing them to apply for federal charterrs

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8. Union Pacific Railroad

one of the railroad companies asked to help create the transcontinental railroad

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9. Central Pacific Railroad

one of the railroad companies asked to help create the transcontinental railroad

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10. greenbacks

a form of paper money printed after the Civil War

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11. National Draft Law

States that all able bodied men had to put their name in a pot to be drawn for them to take part in the war

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12 .New York City Draft Riots

riots against the National Draft Law by common people in New York City

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13. Habeas corpus

In law, an order requiring that a prisoner be brought before a court at a specified time and place in order to determine the legality of the imprisonment. supsended by Lincoln

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14. Ex Parte Milligan

that ruled that the application of military tribunals to citizens when civilian courts are still operating is unconstitutional.

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15 Copperheads

Northerners who sympathized with the South during the Civil War. They undermined the war effort and posed a threat to Lincoln's reelection

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16. Confiscation Acts

stated that any property belonging to confederates used in war could be seized by federal forces.

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17. Emancipation Proclamation

declared all blacks in southern states free. This enabled the Union to field even more men for the war.

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18. Jefferson Davis

president of Confederacy and former US Senate member

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19. Confederate Conscription Act

The first act drafting people into the army in American history, passed by the Confederacy in 1862

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20. General George McClellan

George McClellan was a Union general that was in charge during the beginning of the war. He defeated Lee, at Antietam, securing a much needed Union victory

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21. General Ulysses S. Grant

He was the head of the Union Army by the end of the war and defeated Lee. Defeated Lee at Appomattox, ending the Civil War.

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22. General Robert E. Lee

former union general that joined the South after Virginia seceded. He was in charge of the Confederate Army, and led it to many victories.

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23. General William Tecumseh Sherman

A Union general and friend of Grant that was given command of the push to the sea. One of the more competent Union generals, he secured the deep south by a total war policy.

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24. Union Naval Blockade

Union ships blocked off the Southern borders with they ocean so the South couldn't trade

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25. ironclads

warships covered with plated iron

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26. "King Cotton Diplomacy"

the idea that the world was dependent only on the South's cotton

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27. Trent Affair

Union warship stopped a British ship on way to England and arrested 2 Confederate diplomats-James Mason and John Slidell

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28. William C. Quantrill

An Ohio native who grew up in the west. Became a captain in the Confederate army after organizing a group of mainly teenage boys

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29. Jayhawkers

Jayhawks. Used as a slang term for Kansas state citizens, this militia was notorious for its anti-slavery views

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30. repeating weapons

made the Civil war more deadly and caused weapons like rifles to be able to be reloaded faster

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31. First Battle of Bull RUn

dispelled the idea that the war would be over quickly

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32. Capture of New Orleans

a vital asset to the Union to help stop trade of the Confederacy

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33. Battle of Shiloh

Confederate forces suprised union troops & drove them across the Tennesee river; union got backup and won the battle but it was one of the most bloody battles in the civil war

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34. Battle of Antietam

battle in which the North succeeded in halting Lee's Confederate forces in Maryland. Was the bloodiest battle of the war resulting in 25,000 casualties

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35. Battle of Chancelorville

The Union was defeated again with the Confederacy being led by Robert E. Lee. General Thomas Stonewall Jackson was accidentally wounded here by one of his own men.

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36. Battle of Vicksburg

U.S. Grant had his troops circle around the city, he then took the capital of Jackson, MS, and then seized this city; became a decisive battle in the American Civil War (1863)

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37. Battle of Gettysburg

Turning point of the War that made it clear the North would win. 50,000 people died, and the South lost its chance to invade the North.

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38. Capture/Burning of Atlanta

captured by Sherman after the Confederates burned it down

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39. Sherman's March to Sea

Sherman marched from Atlanta to the sea burning, destroying, and taking people's property

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40. Appomattox Court House

the place where General Lee surrendered to Grant