Flashcards in Chapter 13 Deck (43):
1. Manifest Destiny
the idea that God had given Americans the right to expand from sea to shining sea
2. "American Race"
the idea that white Americans who had come off of the Mayflower were of one race
3. Stephen F. Austin
a man who moved to Texas under the encouragement of Mexico considered the Father of Texas
4. General Antonio Lopez de Santa Ana
general who tried to crush the Texas revolt and who lost battles to Winfield Scott and Zachary Taylor in the Mexican War
5. The Alamo
Santa Anna's army succeeded in late 1836. 4000 men laid siege to San Antonio the remaining 187 Texans including Davy Crockett were wiped out and a few weeks later Mexican troops massacred some 350 Texas prisoners
6. Battle of San Jacinto
Final battle of the Texas Revolution; resulted in the defeat of the Mexican army and independence for Texas
7. Annexation of Texas
U.S. made Texas a state in 1845. Joint resolution - both houses of Congress supported annexation under Tyler, and he signed the bill shortly before leaving office.
8. Oregon Country
The are that the territory of Oregon covered that was occupied by both the British and Americans
9. Marcus and Narcissa Williams
missionaries who were killed
10. Oregon Trail
the most commonly travel trail to the west
11. James K Polk
democrat and President of United States wanted to annex Texas and clear up the oregon issue
12."54-40 or Fight!'
An aggressive slogan adopted in the Oregon boundary dispute, This was also Polk's slogan - the Democrats wanted the U.S. border drawn at the 54º40' latitude. Polk settled for the 49º latitude in 1846.
13. Nueces/Rio Grande Border Dispute
Texans claimed their territory ended at the Rio Grande Mexicans argued that it ended at the Nuaces
14. The Mexican War
annexation of Texas, diplomatic ineptness of U.S./Mexican relations in the 1840's and particularly the provocation of U.S. troops on the Rio Grande. The first half of the war was fought in northern Mexico near the Texas border, with the U.S. Army led by Zachary Taylor.
15. Bear Flag Revolt
the result of a revolt by settlers from the United States on June 14, 1846, in the town of Sonoma against the authorities of the Mexican province of California
16. General Winfield Scott
unsuccessful presidential candidate of the Whig party in 1852. Known as "Old Fuss and Feathers" and the "Grand Old Man of the Army", he served` on active duty as a general longer than any other man in American history
17. Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo
Treaty that ended the Mexican War, granting the U.S. control of Texas, New Mexico, and California in exchange for $15 million
18. Wilmot Proviso
Bill that would ban slavery in the territories acquired after the War with Mexico.
19. Zachary Taylor
Zachary Taylor 12th President of the United States
20. Free Soil Party
organized by anti-slavery men in the north, democrats who were resentful at Polk's actions, and some conscience Whigs.
21. California Gold Rush
gold was found in the SIerra Nevadas in 1848
men who went to pan and mine for gold
23. Compromise of 1850
The results were that California joined as a free state, and what was left of the Mexican Cession land became New Mexico and Utah, and did not restrict slavery.
24. Stephen A Douglas
ver for Henry Clay in the Compromise of 1850. Clay could not get the compromised passed because neither party wanted it
25. Franklin Pierce
13th President of the United States
26. Ostend Manifesto
A group of southerners met with Spanish officials in Belgium to attempt to get more slave territory. They felt this would balance out congress.
27. Gadsden Purchase
purchased from Mexico
28. Popular Sovereignty
the idea that territories would decide whether the would allow slavery
29. Kansas-Nebraska Act
Kansas and Nebraska should come into the Union under popular sovereignty
30. The Republican Party
a political party in the United States
31. "Bleeding Kansas
proslavery and abolitionists met in Kansas to try and vote on the status of Kansas
32. John Brown
a radical abolitionist
Sumner beat brooks with a cane for remarks brooks said against slavery
34. "Slave Power Conspiracy"
the idea that slaves gave people power
35. The Pro-slavery agreement
an agreement between people about how slavery was good
14th president of the United States
37. John C. Fremont
John C. Fremont ommissioned by the Senate (especially Benton) to document and survey the west. His descriptions were to make the West look as nice as possible.
38. Dred Scott v. Sandford
claimed that slaves weren't citizens and therefore could be taken anywhere and they still weren't free.
39. Lecompton Constitution
the pro-slavery constitution suggested for Kansas' admission to the union.
40. Abraham Lincoln
sixteenth president of the United States
41. Lincoln-Douglas Debates
helped to make Lincoln famous
42. John Brown's raid on HArpers Ferry
believed that if slaves had weapons they would rebel.