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Flashcards in Chapter 13 Deck (43):
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1. Manifest Destiny

the idea that God had given Americans the right to expand from sea to shining sea

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2. "American Race"

the idea that white Americans who had come off of the Mayflower were of one race

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3. Stephen F. Austin

a man who moved to Texas under the encouragement of Mexico considered the Father of Texas

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4. General Antonio Lopez de Santa Ana

general who tried to crush the Texas revolt and who lost battles to Winfield Scott and Zachary Taylor in the Mexican War

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5. The Alamo

Santa Anna's army succeeded in late 1836. 4000 men laid siege to San Antonio the remaining 187 Texans including Davy Crockett were wiped out and a few weeks later Mexican troops massacred some 350 Texas prisoners

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6. Battle of San Jacinto

Final battle of the Texas Revolution; resulted in the defeat of the Mexican army and independence for Texas

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7. Annexation of Texas

U.S. made Texas a state in 1845. Joint resolution - both houses of Congress supported annexation under Tyler, and he signed the bill shortly before leaving office.

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8. Oregon Country

The are that the territory of Oregon covered that was occupied by both the British and Americans

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9. Marcus and Narcissa Williams

missionaries who were killed

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10. Oregon Trail

the most commonly travel trail to the west

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11. James K Polk

democrat and President of United States wanted to annex Texas and clear up the oregon issue

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12."54-40 or Fight!'

An aggressive slogan adopted in the Oregon boundary dispute, This was also Polk's slogan - the Democrats wanted the U.S. border drawn at the 54º40' latitude. Polk settled for the 49º latitude in 1846.

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13. Nueces/Rio Grande Border Dispute

Texans claimed their territory ended at the Rio Grande Mexicans argued that it ended at the Nuaces

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14. The Mexican War

annexation of Texas, diplomatic ineptness of U.S./Mexican relations in the 1840's and particularly the provocation of U.S. troops on the Rio Grande. The first half of the war was fought in northern Mexico near the Texas border, with the U.S. Army led by Zachary Taylor.

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15. Bear Flag Revolt

the result of a revolt by settlers from the United States on June 14, 1846, in the town of Sonoma against the authorities of the Mexican province of California

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16. General Winfield Scott

unsuccessful presidential candidate of the Whig party in 1852. Known as "Old Fuss and Feathers" and the "Grand Old Man of the Army", he served` on active duty as a general longer than any other man in American history

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17. Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo

Treaty that ended the Mexican War, granting the U.S. control of Texas, New Mexico, and California in exchange for $15 million

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18. Wilmot Proviso

Bill that would ban slavery in the territories acquired after the War with Mexico.

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19. Zachary Taylor

Zachary Taylor 12th President of the United States

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20. Free Soil Party

organized by anti-slavery men in the north, democrats who were resentful at Polk's actions, and some conscience Whigs.

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21. California Gold Rush

gold was found in the SIerra Nevadas in 1848

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22.Forty-Niners

men who went to pan and mine for gold

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23. Compromise of 1850

The results were that California joined as a free state, and what was left of the Mexican Cession land became New Mexico and Utah, and did not restrict slavery.

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24. Stephen A Douglas

ver for Henry Clay in the Compromise of 1850. Clay could not get the compromised passed because neither party wanted it

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25. Franklin Pierce

13th President of the United States

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26. Ostend Manifesto

A group of southerners met with Spanish officials in Belgium to attempt to get more slave territory. They felt this would balance out congress.

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27. Gadsden Purchase

purchased from Mexico

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28. Popular Sovereignty

the idea that territories would decide whether the would allow slavery

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29. Kansas-Nebraska Act

Kansas and Nebraska should come into the Union under popular sovereignty

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30. The Republican Party

a political party in the United States

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31. "Bleeding Kansas

proslavery and abolitionists met in Kansas to try and vote on the status of Kansas

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32. John Brown

a radical abolitionist

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33.Sumner/Brooks beating

Sumner beat brooks with a cane for remarks brooks said against slavery

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34. "Slave Power Conspiracy"

the idea that slaves gave people power

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35. The Pro-slavery agreement

an agreement between people about how slavery was good

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36.James Buchannan

14th president of the United States

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37. John C. Fremont

John C. Fremont ommissioned by the Senate (especially Benton) to document and survey the west. His descriptions were to make the West look as nice as possible.

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38. Dred Scott v. Sandford

claimed that slaves weren't citizens and therefore could be taken anywhere and they still weren't free.

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39. Lecompton Constitution

the pro-slavery constitution suggested for Kansas' admission to the union.

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40. Abraham Lincoln

sixteenth president of the United States

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41. Lincoln-Douglas Debates

helped to make Lincoln famous

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42. John Brown's raid on HArpers Ferry

believed that if slaves had weapons they would rebel.

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43.Election of 1860

Abraham Lincoln was elected and the South seceded