Chapter 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (25):
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1. Olive Branch Petition

Parliament's final attempt to make peace with the colonists, but it reach the colonies after the Battle of Lexington and Concord

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2. Thomas Paine "Common Sense"

a book written that basically laid out the ideals that it was common sense for the colonies to want to be separate from Britain

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3. Declaration of Independence

written by Thomas Jefferson to the Parliament and the King of England proclaiming publicly that the US was free from britain

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4. Loyalist, "Tories"

colonists who wished to remain part of England

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5. Articles of Condfederation

the rules put into place for the united States government before the Constitution was formed

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6. Continental Army

the army created by the colonists to fight the Revolutionary War

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7. George Washington

commander of the Continental Army and would be first president

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8. Battle of Bunker Hill

fought on Breed's hill proved to be an American loss ,but helped to greatly deplete the British Army

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9. Evacuation of New York

Nov 25, 1783 the last person of British authority left New York

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10. Battle of Trenton

Fought on Christmas Eve. George Washington led his troops across the icy Trenton river and defeated Hessians

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11. Battle of Saratoga

the turning point of the Revolutionary War. October 17, 1777 British and Hessian troops surrendered their arms.

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12. Louis XVI

King of France that created an alliance with the colonists to help them win the Revolutionary War

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13. Count de Vergennes

supported the colonists in the Revolutionary War which helped to start the French Revolution

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14. Nathaniel Greene

a General of the Continental army that forced Cornwallis to leave the Carolinas

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15. Yorktown

The last battle of the Revolutionary War, fought in 1781 in Virginia. British general Lord Cornwallis surrendered his army to George Washington

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16. Treaty of Paris (1783)

ended the Revolutionary War

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17. Father John Carroll

First Roman Catholic Bishop in the United States

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18. "noble savages"

a common view on Indians in American as said by Thomas Jefferson

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19. Molly Pitcher

a woman that is said to have fought in the American Revolution

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20. Abigail Adams

Wife of John Adams was influential in starting the Women's rights movement

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21. Virginia Statute of Religious Liberty

gave everyone in the United States Freedom of religion and enacted in 1786.

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22. Ordinances of 1784 & 1785

a resolution written by Thomas Jefferson to help divide up land into different states

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23. Northwest Ordinace

created the firsts organized territory in the United States beyond the Appalachian Mountains

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24. Battle of Fallen Timbers

final battle of Northwest indian war for the Northwest territory

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25. Shay's rebellion

was an armed uprising that took place in Massachusetts during 1786 and 1787 caused by high debt of farmers