Chapter 16 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 16 Deck (40):
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1. Plains Indians

Indians who inhabited the Great Plains region of the United States

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2. Californios

Mexican elites who occupied California when the U.S. Acquired it from Mexico

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3. Coolies

Chinese immigrants who worked on the transcontinental railroad

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4. Chinatown

A town occupied by Chinese immigrants that helped to get them jobs and act as a home away from home

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5.Anti-coolie clubs

Clubs that tried to stop Chinese immigration and would do so by boycotting goods

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6. Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882

The act was used to help lessen the flow of Chinese immigrants into the U.S.

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7. Homestead Act of 1862

Helped to settle the west allowed land to be bought for a cheap price as long as it was maintained for 5 years and had a 12•12 structure on it

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8. Comstock Lode

The first major discovery of Silver Ore in the United States

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9. Black Hills Gold Strike

Began in 1874 after someone found gold in the black hill

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10. Anaconda Copper Mine

Located in Butte Montana, marked the beginning of an industry in Montana

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11. "Boomtown"

Towns located near places where gold was struck and often had an uneven amount of men to women

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12. The Cattle Kingdom

The overtaking of ranching that showed people that there was a lot of money to be made in it

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13. Vaquero

A Mexican cowboy

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14. Cowboys

A man who tends cattle for a job

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15. Chisholm trail

A trail used to transport cattle from Texas to Kansas railheads

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16. Range wars

Wars between farmers and ranchers over land

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17. Rocky Mountain School

A school for artists and focused on impression

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18. Mark Twain, roughing it

Describes what It's like to spend the night in a stagecoach station and his journey across the United States

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19. Adventures of Tom Sawyer and Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

Talks about life of children the South in post civil war era

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20. Frederic Remington

A painter who painted realist western scenes

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21. Frederick Jackson Turners

Made a thesis stating that the west was still available to settle

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22. Wild West Shows

Shows that romanised the west and included things like shoot outs

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23. Buffalo Bill

Created Wild West shows for people to come and see

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24. Annie Oakley

A performer in Buffalo Bills Wild West Shows

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25. Concentration policy

Gave tribes of plains Indians parcels of land to live on

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26. Reservations

Lands out in the west where Indians were placed so the United States could take their previously assigned lands

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27. Indian Wars

Wars between the United States and the Native American over land

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28. Sand creek Massacre

Indians gathered at army lines for protection and were then attacked my drunken soldiers

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29. Battle of Little Bighorn

The Sioux Indians rebelled against the governments efforts to take their lands and the government Calvary then was massacred

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30. Indian Hunting

To bring an Indian dead before the government was to receive a monetary prize

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31. Crazy Horse

1840 – September 5, 1877 was a Native American war leader of the Oglala Lakota.

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32. Sitting Bull

a Hunkpapa Lakota holy man who led his people as a tribal chief during years of resistance to United States government policies.

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33. Chief Joseph

To avoid war, and save his people Chief Joseph tried retreating to Canada with his people. They were cornered

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34. Cochise

Tried to resist white settlement on his lands in Arizona

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35. Geronimo

Resisted white settlements on his lands in Arizona and led raids on white settlers

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36. Ghost Dance Religion

An Indian religion that

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37. Massacre of wounded knee

a shot was fired which resulted in the 7th Cavalry's opening fire indiscriminately from all sides, killing men, women, and children, as well as some of their own fellow soldiers.

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38. Dawes Act

authorized the President of the United States to survey American Indian tribal land and divide it into allotments for individual Indians

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39. Indian Boarding school

Used to try and assimilate Indians into the American culture

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40. Barbed Wire

Helped solve disputes between farmers and ranchers and made settlement possible