Chapter 6 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (43):
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1. Confederation Congress

the legislative branch of government established by the Articles of Confederation

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2. Cincinnati Society

a hereditary lineage that wanted to preserve the idea of the officers in the Revolutionary war

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3. Newburg Conspiracy

a threatened uprising that was implemented by a letter that suggested soldiers were unhappy with their pay should take it up against congress

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4. Alexander Hamiliton

creator of the Federalist party

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5. James Madison

president of the united states and cofounder of the Republicans

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6. Thomas Jefferson

writer of the declaration of independence and founder of the Republicans

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7. Framers

founding fathers of the united states

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8. Virginia Plan

an idea for a representative house of government that said representatives should be chosen by population

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9. New Jersey Plan

said that representations should be equal for all states regardless of size

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10. Great Comprimise

put the New Jersey and the Virginia plan together and created two houses of representation

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11. 3/5 Comprimise

stated that slaves only counted for 3/5 of a person

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12. Baron de Montesquieu

french lawyer who articulated the idea of separation of powers

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13. Separation of Powers

the idea that each branch of government should have its own power

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14. federal structure

political entity that had partial governing states under a central government

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15. checks and balances

the idea that each branch of the government has its own power and the other branches help to balance the power.

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16. House of Representatives

the lower house of the legislative branch where representatives are chosen based on population

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17. Federalists

a political party who wanted a strong central government

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18. Federalist papers

papers published in a newspaper trying to get people to accept the idea of a constitution

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19. Anti-federalists

people who opposed the idea of a strong central government

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20. George Washington

first president of the United States

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21. John Adams

second president of the United States and vice president to george washington

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22. Bill of rights

the first ten amendments of the constitution

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23. Judiciary act of 1789

established the Judiciary courts of the United States

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24. Cabinet

the president of the united states, vice president and secretaries of the treasury and war

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25. Location of New, permanent captial

between the states of Virginia and Maryland on the banks of the Potomac River

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26. Bank of the United States

created to give the country as a whole a national debt and help relieve citizens if their debts

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27. Federalists party

political party who wanted a strong central government

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28. Republican Party

led by Thomas Jefferson and were opposed to having a strong central government

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29. Whiskey Rebellion

farmers in PA complained about the taxes on Whiskey but were shot down when George Washington marched the Army down to PA

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30. Citizen Genet

ambassador to the US from France who tried to recruit an army in their conflict with Spain and France

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31. Jay's Treaty

1795 between Britain and the US that was used to avoid war and uphold the treaty of Paris

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32. Pinckney's Treaty

1795 gave the united states Navigation rights to the Mississippi

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33. Farwell Address

a letter written by George Washington announcing his retirement as president

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34. XYZ affair

France's refusal to accept the United States neutrality in their revoultion

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35. the undeclared war with France

France refused to accept american Ambassadors without a bribe which pissed of Adams

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36. Napoleon Bonaparte

helped end the undeclared war with france by claiming that france and the us were brothers

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37. Alien and Sedition Acts

A series of laws, passed by John Adams that restricted the public activities of political radicals who sympathized with the French Revolution and criticized Adams's Federalist policies

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38. Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions

Statements of principle adopted by Virginia and Kentucky state legislatures in the 1790s; they affirmed states' rights in response to the federal Alien and Sedition Acts

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39. Election of 1800

a close election between John Adams and Thomas Jefferson in which both parties talked crap about the other candidate

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40. Aaron Burr

third Vice President of the United States

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41. Tammany Society

founded by William Moony that was a patriotic and charity society

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42. Judiciary Act of 1801

reduce the number of seats in the supreme courts and reorganized circuit courts

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43. 'Midnight Judges'

Judicial appointments made by Pres. John Adams before Thomas Jefferson became president