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Flashcards in Chapter 30 Deck (50):
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1. New Left

political movement consisting of educators who wished to create reforms on things like Gay rights and drug

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2. Student for a Democratic Society

founded in Michigan 1962; radical organization wanted to rid American society of poverty, racism, and violence; embraced liberal reforms

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3. Free Speech Movement

student protest that took place at UC Berkeley where students wanted a ban lifted, the police attacked them

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4. Counterculture

Youth movement of the 1960s characterized by nonviolent anarchy, concern for the environment, and rejection of Western materialism

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5. Woodstock

Woodstock 3 day rock concert in upstate N.Y. August 1969, exemplified the counterculture of the late 1960s, nearly 1/2M gather in a 600 acre field

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6. Hippies

a person of unconventional appearance, typically having long hair and wearing beads, associated with a subculture involving a rejection of conventional values

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7. Haight-Ashbury

the place of origin of Hippie counter culture

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8. National Congress of American Indians

was formed to try and organize tribes to be able to deal with government

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9. American Indian Movement

the Native American attempt to try and achieve equal rights

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10. Indian Civil Rights Act 1968

guarantees of the Bill of Rights applicable within the tribes

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11. Wounded Knee Occupation

200 Oglala Lakota and followers of the American Indian Movement (AIM) seized and occupied the town of Wounded Knee, South Dakota

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12. Cesar Chavez

American Farm worker who arranged hunger strikes to help bring awareness to Mexican suffering

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13. United Farm Workers

a labor union for farm workers in the United States of America

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14. Stonewall Riot

police raid on the Stonewall Inn, a popular hang-out for gays in Greenwich Village in 1969.

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15. Gay Liberation Movement

homosexuals began an effort to win social and legal acceptance and to encourage gays to affirm their sexual identity

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16. New Feminism

philosophy that emphasises that men and women are equal

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17. The Feminine Mystique

Book that stated that women who had college degrees and were stuck at home were like in concentration camps

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18. National Organization for Women

formed to work for economic and legal rights of women. acted from the liberal tenet that women and men are alike in important respects

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19. Equal Rights Amendment

four amendments that gave freedom of voting rights and equal protection under the law to women and minorities

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20. Roe v. Wade

legalized abortion in the first trimester of a woman's pregnancy

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21. Silent Spring

book that stated the effects that chemicals had on the environment and the animals in the Environment

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22. Ecology

scientific study of interactions among organisms and between organisms and their environment

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23. Environmental Protection Agency

agency established to coordinate programs aimed at reducing pollution and protecting the environment

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24. Clean Air and Water Acts

restore and maintain the chemical, physical, and biological integrity of the nation's waters by preventing point and nonpoint pollution

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25. Earth Day

celebrated on April 22, on which day events worldwide are held to demonstrate support for environmental protection. It was first celebrated in 1970, and is now coordinated globally

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26. Vietnamization

reduce United States troop strength in Vietnam and train the South Vietnamese to take over the fighting themselves

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27. Henry Kissinger

National Security Advisor and later concurrently as Secretary of State in the administrations of Presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford

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28. Kent State

Ohio college where an anti-war protest got way out of hand, the National Guard was called in and killed 3 students

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29. My Lai Massacre

American troops had brutally massacred innocent women and children in the village of My Lai, also led to more opposition to the war.

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30. "Peace with Honor"

Nixon phrase used to describe the Paris Peace accords to end the Vietnam

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31. Fall of Saigon

communist forces marched into Saigon, shortly after officials of the Thieu regime and the staff of the American embassy had fled

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32. Multipolar War

reality of the world in which there were several great powers, not just two

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33. SALT 1

treaty made between the U.S.S.R. and the United States to limit the nuclear missiles that each had

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34. Nixon Doctrine

US doesn't fight every war, teams up with other governments around the globe to achieve ends

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35. Salvador Allende

communist dictator of Chile until 1973

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36. Six-Day War

Short conflict between Egypt and her allies against Israel won by Israel; Israel took over the Golan Heights

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37. Yom Kippur War

a coalition of Arab forces launched a surprise attack on Israel.

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38. Arab Oil Embargo

gas shortages caused by Arab refusing to allow U.S. oil supply because the U.S. helped Israel

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39. Engel v. Vitale

unconstitutional for state officials to compose an official school prayer and encourage its recitation in public schools.

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40. Roth v. United States

redefined the Constitutional test for determining what constitutes obscene material unprotected by the First Amendment.

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41. Gideon v. Wainwright

states to provide defense attorneys to criminal defendants charged with serious offenses who cannot afford lawyers themselves.

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42. Escobedo v. Illinois

that criminal suspects have a right to counsel during police interrogations under the Sixth Amendment

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43. Miranda v. Arizona

is a right to silence warning given by police in the United States to criminal suspects in police custody

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44. Baker v. Carr

deciding that redistricting issues present justiciable questions

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45. Furman v. Georgia

Court decision that ruled on the requirement for a degree of consistency in the application of the death penalty

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46. Bakke v. Board of Regents of California

It upheld affirmative action, allowing race to be one of several factors in college admission policy.

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47. George McGovern

ran for president against Nixon in 1972 helped reform democratic party

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48. Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries

aims to manage the supply of oil in an effort to set the price of oil on the world market

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49. Watergate Cover-up

break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C., and the Nixon administration's attempted cover-up

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50. United States v. Richard Nixon

It resulted in a unanimous 8–0 ruling against President Richard Nixon and was important to the late stages of the Watergate scandal.