Chapter 30 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 30 Deck (50):

1. New Left

political movement consisting of educators who wished to create reforms on things like Gay rights and drug


2. Student for a Democratic Society

founded in Michigan 1962; radical organization wanted to rid American society of poverty, racism, and violence; embraced liberal reforms


3. Free Speech Movement

student protest that took place at UC Berkeley where students wanted a ban lifted, the police attacked them


4. Counterculture

Youth movement of the 1960s characterized by nonviolent anarchy, concern for the environment, and rejection of Western materialism


5. Woodstock

Woodstock 3 day rock concert in upstate N.Y. August 1969, exemplified the counterculture of the late 1960s, nearly 1/2M gather in a 600 acre field


6. Hippies

a person of unconventional appearance, typically having long hair and wearing beads, associated with a subculture involving a rejection of conventional values


7. Haight-Ashbury

the place of origin of Hippie counter culture


8. National Congress of American Indians

was formed to try and organize tribes to be able to deal with government


9. American Indian Movement

the Native American attempt to try and achieve equal rights


10. Indian Civil Rights Act 1968

guarantees of the Bill of Rights applicable within the tribes


11. Wounded Knee Occupation

200 Oglala Lakota and followers of the American Indian Movement (AIM) seized and occupied the town of Wounded Knee, South Dakota


12. Cesar Chavez

American Farm worker who arranged hunger strikes to help bring awareness to Mexican suffering


13. United Farm Workers

a labor union for farm workers in the United States of America


14. Stonewall Riot

police raid on the Stonewall Inn, a popular hang-out for gays in Greenwich Village in 1969.


15. Gay Liberation Movement

homosexuals began an effort to win social and legal acceptance and to encourage gays to affirm their sexual identity


16. New Feminism

philosophy that emphasises that men and women are equal


17. The Feminine Mystique

Book that stated that women who had college degrees and were stuck at home were like in concentration camps


18. National Organization for Women

formed to work for economic and legal rights of women. acted from the liberal tenet that women and men are alike in important respects


19. Equal Rights Amendment

four amendments that gave freedom of voting rights and equal protection under the law to women and minorities


20. Roe v. Wade

legalized abortion in the first trimester of a woman's pregnancy


21. Silent Spring

book that stated the effects that chemicals had on the environment and the animals in the Environment


22. Ecology

scientific study of interactions among organisms and between organisms and their environment


23. Environmental Protection Agency

agency established to coordinate programs aimed at reducing pollution and protecting the environment


24. Clean Air and Water Acts

restore and maintain the chemical, physical, and biological integrity of the nation's waters by preventing point and nonpoint pollution


25. Earth Day

celebrated on April 22, on which day events worldwide are held to demonstrate support for environmental protection. It was first celebrated in 1970, and is now coordinated globally


26. Vietnamization

reduce United States troop strength in Vietnam and train the South Vietnamese to take over the fighting themselves


27. Henry Kissinger

National Security Advisor and later concurrently as Secretary of State in the administrations of Presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford


28. Kent State

Ohio college where an anti-war protest got way out of hand, the National Guard was called in and killed 3 students


29. My Lai Massacre

American troops had brutally massacred innocent women and children in the village of My Lai, also led to more opposition to the war.


30. "Peace with Honor"

Nixon phrase used to describe the Paris Peace accords to end the Vietnam


31. Fall of Saigon

communist forces marched into Saigon, shortly after officials of the Thieu regime and the staff of the American embassy had fled


32. Multipolar War

reality of the world in which there were several great powers, not just two


33. SALT 1

treaty made between the U.S.S.R. and the United States to limit the nuclear missiles that each had


34. Nixon Doctrine

US doesn't fight every war, teams up with other governments around the globe to achieve ends


35. Salvador Allende

communist dictator of Chile until 1973


36. Six-Day War

Short conflict between Egypt and her allies against Israel won by Israel; Israel took over the Golan Heights


37. Yom Kippur War

a coalition of Arab forces launched a surprise attack on Israel.


38. Arab Oil Embargo

gas shortages caused by Arab refusing to allow U.S. oil supply because the U.S. helped Israel


39. Engel v. Vitale

unconstitutional for state officials to compose an official school prayer and encourage its recitation in public schools.


40. Roth v. United States

redefined the Constitutional test for determining what constitutes obscene material unprotected by the First Amendment.


41. Gideon v. Wainwright

states to provide defense attorneys to criminal defendants charged with serious offenses who cannot afford lawyers themselves.


42. Escobedo v. Illinois

that criminal suspects have a right to counsel during police interrogations under the Sixth Amendment


43. Miranda v. Arizona

is a right to silence warning given by police in the United States to criminal suspects in police custody


44. Baker v. Carr

deciding that redistricting issues present justiciable questions


45. Furman v. Georgia

Court decision that ruled on the requirement for a degree of consistency in the application of the death penalty


46. Bakke v. Board of Regents of California

It upheld affirmative action, allowing race to be one of several factors in college admission policy.


47. George McGovern

ran for president against Nixon in 1972 helped reform democratic party


48. Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries

aims to manage the supply of oil in an effort to set the price of oil on the world market


49. Watergate Cover-up

break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C., and the Nixon administration's attempted cover-up


50. United States v. Richard Nixon

It resulted in a unanimous 8–0 ruling against President Richard Nixon and was important to the late stages of the Watergate scandal.