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Flashcards in Chapter 26 Deck (50):
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1. Battle of Coral Sea

naval battle between the Japanese navy and the US and Australia

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2. Battle of Midway

a crucial and decisive battle in the pacific in which the US gained

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3. Battle of Guadalcanal

a series of land and sea clashed between the Aliies and Japanese

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4. Free French

people and troops who were free from the vichy regime (German) in world war 2

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5. General George C. Marshall

US famous for his leadership roles in World War Two

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6. General George S. Patten

George Smith Patton, Jr. was a United States Army general, who commanded the Seventh United States Army in the Mediterranean and European Theaters of World War II

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7. General Erwin Rommel

a General who was popular in Germany in World War Two and gain respect through his victories

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8. Battle of El Alamein

fought in North Africa which was a decisive Allied victory in driving out German forces

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9. General Bernard Montgomery

the first Viscount of Alamein

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10. Siege/Battle of Stalingrad

attempt by the Nazis to try and receive oil located by the USSR city of Stalingrad

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11. Invasion of Sicily

Allied attempted to take the Italians out of World War two

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12. Battle of Monte Cassino

a costly series of assaults by the allies in Italy

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13. Holocaust

the murdering of millions of jews and homosexual by Hitler to try and create his Arian race

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14. Office of Price Administration

functions were originally to control money and rents after the outbreak of World War

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15. War Production Board

that supervised and regulated the production and sale of matériel essential to the logistics of World War II.

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16. National Defense Research Committee

June 27, 1940 until June 28, 1941. Most of its work was done with the strictest secrecy, and it began research of what would become some of the most important technology during World War II, including radar and the atomic bomb. It was superseded by the Office of Scientific Research and Development in 1941, a

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17. Radar

a system for detecting the direction and distance of aircraft

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18. Sonar

Sound Navigation and Ranging used to locate and communicate with objects

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19. V1, V2

bombs created by the germans that operated through rockets

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20. Lancaster B1 and Boeing B-17F

Airplane created to help the Allies carry and drop bombs in World War Two

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21. Ultra

the British program for decoding German Messages

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22. Bombe

a dutch machine used by the British to try and decode German messages

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23. Colossus II

the first programmable computer created by Alan Turing

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24. Magic

the United States program for trying to decode German messages during World War Two

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25. Fair Employment Practices Commission

FDR issued this in 1941 to enforce the policy of prohibiting employment-related discrimination practices by federal agencies, unions, and companies involved in war-related work

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26. Congress of Racial Equality

1942 to try and get blacks to have equal rights with whites

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27. Code Talkers

Navajo people who devised a code to help the United States win battles

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28. Zoot-Suit Riots

Mexican riots after tennagers were attacked by sailors in the long beach harbour

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29. Rosie the Riveter

a propaganda poster created to help encourage women to work

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30. Baby Boom

the increase of Births after world war two

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31. Swing Music

black jazz music that was easy to dance to and changed the way people regarded black people

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32. USO

provided program services to United States Troops

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33. Japanese Internment

thousands of Japanese were seen as a threat to the United States after the bombing of Pearl Harbour so they were sent to camps

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34. Harry S. Truman

FDR's vice-president and future president of the United States

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35. Election of 1940

FDR's third term win with Harry S. Truman as his vice president

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36. Luftwaffe

the official name for the Nazi airforce

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37. D-Day

Operation Overlord June 6, 1944 thousands of Allied troops stormed the beaches of Normandy

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38. Dwight D. Eisenhower

one of the head Generals of the Allied powers and was over D-day

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39. Battle of the Bulge

called so because of the bulge the German Forces created in the Allied lines in the Ardennes Forest

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40. VE Day

Victory in Europe Day May 8 ,1945

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41. Battle of Leyte Gulf

second battle of Philippine sea and considered to be the largest naval battle of world war two

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42. Battle of Okinawa

the largest amphibious assault in the Pacific Theater and the last battle of the pacific

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43. Kamikaze

Japanese suicide planes

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44. Firebombing of Toyko

a psychological war strategy to scare the Japanese into surrendering

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45. The Manhattan Project

the process of creating the Atomic Bomb in America

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46. Albert Einstein

a German scientist who worked on the Atomic Bomb

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47. J. Robert Oppenheimer

the Father of the atomic bomb and leader of the Manhattan Project

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48. Hiroshima and Nagasaki

two cities that were devastated by the dropping of the atomic bomb

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49. Enola Gay

a boeing b-29 bomber named for the mother of the pilot dropped the atomic bomb on hiroshima

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50. Fat Man and Little Boy

the atomic bombs that were dropped on Nagasaki and Hiroshima