Chapter 7 Flashcards Preview

AP US History > Chapter 7 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 7 Deck (48):
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1. Judith Sargent Murray

an early American advocate for women's rights,

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2. University of Virginia

started by Thomas jefferson in 1819

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3. Benjamin Rush

a Founding Father of the United States. Rush was a civic leader in Philadelphia, as well as the treasurer of the US Mint

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4. Noah Webster

the creator of the first dictionary of the American English Language

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5. Washington Irving

an author famous for his book "The Legend of SLeepy Hollow"

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6. Mason Weems

author of a story about George Washington's Life

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7. Deism

belief in the existence of a superior being, who will not interfere in the Universe

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8. Thomas Paine

a propagandist who was the creator of "Common Sense" as well as "The Age of Reason"

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9. Unitarian Church

God as one person, and Jesus Christ is his son, but is not a god

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10.Second Great Awakening

a time where there was great desire to join a church, of any faith.

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11. Evangelicanism

a wide-reaching “canopy” that covers a diverse number of Protestant traditions, denominations, organizations

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12. Freethinkers

a person who rejects accepted opinions, especially those concerning religious beliefs

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13. Samuel Slater

known as the father of the Industrial Revolution in the United States

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14. Eli Whitney

creator of the Cotton Gin, as well as interchangeable parts by creating his gun company

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15. Robert Fulton

an inventor who is credited with creating the Steamboat

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16. turnpike

a type of an expressway that requires a fee in order for a person to pass through

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17. Thomas Jefferson

bought the Louisiana Territory from Napoleon Bonaparte for 15 million

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18. Barbary War

wars fought between the United States and the Barbary States

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19. Marbury v. Madison

Supreme Court case in which the basis for the exercise of judicial review in the United States

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20. Judicial Review

the Supreme court has the right to scrutinize the decisions made by the Legislative branches

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21. John Marshall

a supreme court justice who dramatically changed the position the supreme court had in the government

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22. Impeachment of Samuel Chase

an attempt by Jefferson to remove Samuel Chase as a court Justice

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23. Napoleon Bonaparte

sold the Louisiana purchase to the United States after his dreams of having a North American Empire were crushed

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24. Louisiana Purchase

sold to the US from France and went from the Western Mississippi to Montana

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25. Lewis and Clark Expedition

Meriwether Lewis and William Clark were sent by Jefferson to explore the land of the Louisiana purchase

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26. Zebulon Pike Expedition

searched the land around the rivers of the Louisiana Purchase

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27. Essex Junto

New England Federalist Party from Essex county, Massachusettes

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28. Aaron Burr

the vice president of Thomas Jefferson. Got into a duel with Hamilton

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29. Hamilton-Burr Duel

Hamilton made fun of Burr in a Newspaper and they dueled it out and Hamilton ended up dying

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30. impressment

the British Navy would take American soldiers into their ranks to fight.

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31. Chesapeake-Leopard Incident

crew of the Leopard pursued, attacked and boarded the American ship looking for deserters from the Royal Navy

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32. The Embargo of 1807

enacted by Congress in 1807 because of President Thomas Jefferson that banned trade between U.S. ports and foreign nations.

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33. Non-Intercourse Act

replaced the Embargo Act and made it so there was no trade with British and France ports

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34. William Henry Harrison

The ninth president of the United States who served for only one month

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35. Tenskwatawa

Tenskwatawa, was a Native American religious and political leader of the Shawnee tribe He was the brother of Tecumseh

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36. Tecumseh

leader of confederacy which opposed the United States during Tecumseh's War

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37. Battle of Tippecanoe

was a conflict between the Confederacy of Native Indian warriors led by Tecumseh and William Henry Harrison.

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38. War Hawks

congress members who urged for the War of 1812 to happen

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39. War of 1812

A war between Britain and the United States, fought between 1812 and 1815

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40. Oliver Hazard Perry

an American naval commander.

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42. Andrew Jackson

the seventh US President who was known for fighting duels and was extremely popular

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43. Burning of Washington D.C.

The Capital of the United States was burned by the British in the War of 1812

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44. Bombardment of Ft. McHenry

bombardment by the British in 1814, Francis Scott Key wrote The Star-Spangled Banner while watching it

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45. The Star-Spangled Banner

written by Francis Scott Key during the bombing of Fort McHenry

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46. Battle of New Orleans

Andrew Jackson's rise to fame as general where he restrained british forces

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47. Hartford Convention

New England Federalists met to discuss their grievances concerning the ongoing War of 1812

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48. Treaty of Ghent

the treaty that ended the war of 1812 between the Americans and the British

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49. Rush-Bagot Agreement

treaty between the United States and Britain limiting naval armaments on the Great Lakes and Lake Champlain