Chapter 8 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8 Deck (30):
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1. Second Bank of the United States

was the second authorized National Bank in the United States during its 20-year charter from 1816 to 1836

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2. Francis Cabot Lowell

instrumental in bringing the Industrial Revolution to the United States

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3. National Road

was the first major improved highway in the United States to be built by the federal government connected the Potomac and Ohio Rivers

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4. The Factor System

method of manufacturing at the beginning of the Industrial Revolution

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5. American Fur Company

founded in 1808 by John Jacob Astor, a German immigrant to the United States

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6. Mountain Men

a fur trapper and explorer who lived in the mountains

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7. Jedediah Smith

a hunter, trapper, and fur trader in the United States of America.

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8. Stephen Long Expedition

Led five expeditions up and around the MIssissippi River and the surrounding Area

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9. "Great American Desert"

used to describe the land west of the Mississippi River now known as the great plains

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10. Virginia Dynasty

Went from Jefferson to Monroe used to describe the four presidents who were all from VA

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11. Monroe's Goodwill Tour

Monroe toured around the United States on the way to his Inauguration

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12. "Era of Good Feelings"

A period of good growth and economic ease the first year of Monroe's presidency

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13. John Quincy Adams

son of John Adams, sixth president of the United States took over after Monroe

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14. Seminole War

were three conflicts in Florida between the Seminole Indians and the United States

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15. Adams-Onis Treaty

Transcontinental Treaty of 1819 an event that defined the U.S.-Mexico border

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16. Panic of 1819

first major financial crisis followed by a general collapse of the American economy

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17. Tallmadge Amendement

a proposed amendment to a bill requesting the Territory of Missouri to be admitted to the Union as a free state.

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18. Missouri Compromise of 1820

Missouri would be added to the United States as a Slave state and Maine would be added as a free state

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19. Fletcher v. Peck

the Supreme Court ruled that a contract cannot be broken even if it was made with England

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20. Dartmouth College v. Woodward

Supreme Court upheld the sanctity of the original charter of the college, which pre-dated the creation of the State

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21. Cohens v. Virginia

Court's assertion of its power to review state supreme court decisions

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22. McCulloch v. Maryland

operation of a branch of the Second Bank of the United States by imposing a tax on all notes of banks

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23. Gibbons v. Ogden

the Supreme Court of the United States held that the power to regulate interstate commerce

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24. Johnson V. McIntosh

private citizens could not purchase lands from Native Americans

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25. Worchester v. Georgia

prohibited non-Native Americans from being present on Native American land

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26. Monroe Doctrine

claimed that any attempts to colonize Latin America would be seen as a direct threat to the US

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27. Election of 1824

not a single candidate had the majority of the votes so the House of Representatives chose JQA

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28. corrupt bargain

used by Jackson's supporters when JAckson was not chosen as President of the US

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29. Tariff of Abominations

passed by Congress on May 19, 1828, designed to protect industry in the northern United States

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30. Election of Andrew Jackson

1828 Jackson beat John Quincy Adams in the electoral votes for the presidency.