Chapter 8 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8 Deck (30):

1. Second Bank of the United States

was the second authorized National Bank in the United States during its 20-year charter from 1816 to 1836


2. Francis Cabot Lowell

instrumental in bringing the Industrial Revolution to the United States


3. National Road

was the first major improved highway in the United States to be built by the federal government connected the Potomac and Ohio Rivers


4. The Factor System

method of manufacturing at the beginning of the Industrial Revolution


5. American Fur Company

founded in 1808 by John Jacob Astor, a German immigrant to the United States


6. Mountain Men

a fur trapper and explorer who lived in the mountains


7. Jedediah Smith

a hunter, trapper, and fur trader in the United States of America.


8. Stephen Long Expedition

Led five expeditions up and around the MIssissippi River and the surrounding Area


9. "Great American Desert"

used to describe the land west of the Mississippi River now known as the great plains


10. Virginia Dynasty

Went from Jefferson to Monroe used to describe the four presidents who were all from VA


11. Monroe's Goodwill Tour

Monroe toured around the United States on the way to his Inauguration


12. "Era of Good Feelings"

A period of good growth and economic ease the first year of Monroe's presidency


13. John Quincy Adams

son of John Adams, sixth president of the United States took over after Monroe


14. Seminole War

were three conflicts in Florida between the Seminole Indians and the United States


15. Adams-Onis Treaty

Transcontinental Treaty of 1819 an event that defined the U.S.-Mexico border


16. Panic of 1819

first major financial crisis followed by a general collapse of the American economy


17. Tallmadge Amendement

a proposed amendment to a bill requesting the Territory of Missouri to be admitted to the Union as a free state.


18. Missouri Compromise of 1820

Missouri would be added to the United States as a Slave state and Maine would be added as a free state


19. Fletcher v. Peck

the Supreme Court ruled that a contract cannot be broken even if it was made with England


20. Dartmouth College v. Woodward

Supreme Court upheld the sanctity of the original charter of the college, which pre-dated the creation of the State


21. Cohens v. Virginia

Court's assertion of its power to review state supreme court decisions


22. McCulloch v. Maryland

operation of a branch of the Second Bank of the United States by imposing a tax on all notes of banks


23. Gibbons v. Ogden

the Supreme Court of the United States held that the power to regulate interstate commerce


24. Johnson V. McIntosh

private citizens could not purchase lands from Native Americans


25. Worchester v. Georgia

prohibited non-Native Americans from being present on Native American land


26. Monroe Doctrine

claimed that any attempts to colonize Latin America would be seen as a direct threat to the US


27. Election of 1824

not a single candidate had the majority of the votes so the House of Representatives chose JQA


28. corrupt bargain

used by Jackson's supporters when JAckson was not chosen as President of the US


29. Tariff of Abominations

passed by Congress on May 19, 1828, designed to protect industry in the northern United States


30. Election of Andrew Jackson

1828 Jackson beat John Quincy Adams in the electoral votes for the presidency.