Chapter 6 - The Middle Ages Flashcards Preview

History 3rd Year > Chapter 6 - The Middle Ages > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 6 - The Middle Ages Deck (155)
Loading flashcards...
91

Who was the most powerful ruler in western europe?

The pope as head of the roman catholic church. Most people believed in God

92

What was a diocese?

The place the pope nominated bishops to rule was their diocese

93

What was a symbol of the power and glory of the church?

Cathedrals

94

Describe a Romanesque style church?

-rounded arches
-thick columns

95

Describe a gothic church?

-pointed arches
-narrow isle (the nave)
-round stained glass windows (rose window)
-flying buttress

96

Other than prayer what were medieval monasteries used for?

➰hospitals
➰poor houses
➰inns

97

How did a man become a medieval monk?

He had to spend a year in a monastery as a novice learning the rules and discipline of the monastic ways of life

98

What did the novice have to do to become a monk?

Take a vow and shave his head in the tonsure

99

What did medieval monks wear?

A woollen tunic called a habit and sandals

100

Name the buildings in a medieval monastery?

➰chapter house (daily meetings)
➰refectory (dining house)
➰cloister (pray in silence place)
➰dormitory
➰abbots quarters
➰infirmary (hospital for the sick)
➰scriptorium (aluminium designed the work)

101

What monk was in charge of looking after the ill?

Infirmarian

102

Who look after visitors in the monastery?

The almoner

103

Were the medieval monasteries self sufficient?

Yes

104

What happened in 1347?

The outbreak of a terrible plague (disease)

105

Why was the plague of 1347 called the black death?

Because once caught large black boils began to appear on the body

106

How did the plague arrive in Europe?

It arrived from Asia and spread on ships arriving at Italian trading ports

107

How was the plague spread?

Bloodsucking fleas that lived on rats

108

What was seen as a punishment from God for their sins?

The black death

109

How much of the european population were killed from the plague after 6 years?

One third

110

Who was a friar?

A friar was a monk who did not live in a monastery but preferred to travel about spreading the work of God

111

In the nineteenth century what countries were attacked by viking raiders from Scandinavia?

-Ireland
-Britain
-France

112

Where did the vikings first establish settlements?

Along the east coast mainly in Dublin, Wexford and Waterford however they failed to control large parts of the country

113

When were the plans of a viking conquest ended?

When they were defeated by Brian Boru the ard rí of Ireland at the battle of clontarf in 1014

114

How did the group of vikings get the name normans?

A group of viking settled in a place of France we now call Normandy and became known as 'north-men' or commonly referred to as Normans

115

Who introduced the feudal system?

The Normans in Ireland in the twelfth century

116

What happened in 1066?

The Norman duke William the conquerer invaded England and killed the king harold at the battle of hastings. William became king of England and introduced the Norman way of living

117

What happened when the normans arrived in Ireland?

-Over 100 years after battle of hastings

-dermot mac murrough, king of leinster invited them

-mac murrough quarrelled with rory o conor high king of ireland and was forced to leave the country

-mac murrough travelled to England and seeked help from king henry2(a descendent of William the conquerer)

-king henry let mac murrough recruit and army to help him

-strongbow agreed to help after agreeing to marry Aoife mac murroghs daughter

-normans arrived in waterford 1169

-began to capture palces and establish their own kingdoms

- king henry travelled to ireland bringing an army

-the normans agreed to king henrys rule over ireland

118

How did the Normans influenec Ireland?

Feudal system of farming

119

Give examples of surnames with Norman origins?

➰Fitzmaurice
➰Fitzgerald
➰Fitzsimmons
➰Pendergast
➰Power
➰Burke

120

What was the feudal system?

The name given to the system of land ownership during the middle ages