Flashcards in Chapter 6 - The Middle Ages Deck (155)
Who was the most powerful ruler in western europe?
The pope as head of the roman catholic church. Most people believed in God
What was a diocese?
The place the pope nominated bishops to rule was their diocese
What was a symbol of the power and glory of the church?
Describe a Romanesque style church?
Describe a gothic church?
-narrow isle (the nave)
-round stained glass windows (rose window)
Other than prayer what were medieval monasteries used for?
How did a man become a medieval monk?
He had to spend a year in a monastery as a novice learning the rules and discipline of the monastic ways of life
What did the novice have to do to become a monk?
Take a vow and shave his head in the tonsure
What did medieval monks wear?
A woollen tunic called a habit and sandals
Name the buildings in a medieval monastery?
➰chapter house (daily meetings)
➰refectory (dining house)
➰cloister (pray in silence place)
➰infirmary (hospital for the sick)
➰scriptorium (aluminium designed the work)
What monk was in charge of looking after the ill?
Who look after visitors in the monastery?
Were the medieval monasteries self sufficient?
What happened in 1347?
The outbreak of a terrible plague (disease)
Why was the plague of 1347 called the black death?
Because once caught large black boils began to appear on the body
How did the plague arrive in Europe?
It arrived from Asia and spread on ships arriving at Italian trading ports
How was the plague spread?
Bloodsucking fleas that lived on rats
What was seen as a punishment from God for their sins?
The black death
How much of the european population were killed from the plague after 6 years?
Who was a friar?
A friar was a monk who did not live in a monastery but preferred to travel about spreading the work of God
In the nineteenth century what countries were attacked by viking raiders from Scandinavia?
Where did the vikings first establish settlements?
Along the east coast mainly in Dublin, Wexford and Waterford however they failed to control large parts of the country
When were the plans of a viking conquest ended?
When they were defeated by Brian Boru the ard rí of Ireland at the battle of clontarf in 1014
How did the group of vikings get the name normans?
A group of viking settled in a place of France we now call Normandy and became known as 'north-men' or commonly referred to as Normans
Who introduced the feudal system?
The Normans in Ireland in the twelfth century
What happened in 1066?
The Norman duke William the conquerer invaded England and killed the king harold at the battle of hastings. William became king of England and introduced the Norman way of living
What happened when the normans arrived in Ireland?
-Over 100 years after battle of hastings
-dermot mac murrough, king of leinster invited them
-mac murrough quarrelled with rory o conor high king of ireland and was forced to leave the country
-mac murrough travelled to England and seeked help from king henry2(a descendent of William the conquerer)
-king henry let mac murrough recruit and army to help him
-strongbow agreed to help after agreeing to marry Aoife mac murroghs daughter
-normans arrived in waterford 1169
-began to capture palces and establish their own kingdoms
- king henry travelled to ireland bringing an army
-the normans agreed to king henrys rule over ireland
How did the Normans influenec Ireland?
Feudal system of farming
Give examples of surnames with Norman origins?